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PLANNING AND DESIGN FOR ACCESS TO HERITAGE AREAS Innovative Transport Solutions (iTrans) Pvt. Ltd. Ravi Gadepalli Transport Planner, iTrans.

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Presentation on theme: "PLANNING AND DESIGN FOR ACCESS TO HERITAGE AREAS Innovative Transport Solutions (iTrans) Pvt. Ltd. Ravi Gadepalli Transport Planner, iTrans."— Presentation transcript:

1 PLANNING AND DESIGN FOR ACCESS TO HERITAGE AREAS Innovative Transport Solutions (iTrans) Pvt. Ltd. Ravi Gadepalli Transport Planner, iTrans Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Ph.D Student, IIT Delhi, New Delhi

2 Accessibility to heritage areas Whats happening? Presence of both traditional non-motorised modes and modern motorised modes Roads designed for neither of them Conflicts between modes leading to inefficient usage of space What do we need? Minimise conflicts and make them universally accessible How do we achieve universal accessibility? Understanding the varying user needs-mode wise Identifying their space requirements Distributing the available road space equitably Designing these spaces for universal accessibility

3 Case Studies-Two world heritage sites Shahjahanabad Area, Delhi, India Built in 1638 AD by emperor Shahjahan Border between Old-Delhi and New-Delhi Delhi gate, Turkman Gate, Heritage trees, New Delhi Railway Station, Delhi Stock Exchange, Kamala Market Humayun Tomb, Delhi, India Built in 1562 AD by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum Also comprises of Hazrat Nizamuddin basti, Sunder nursery Visitors expected to grow to 1,00,000 per annum from the current 60,000 per annum

4 Case 1: Shahjahanabad Area Old Delhi New Delhi

5 Traditional Modes… Animal Drawn vehicles Hand-carts/ Push Carts for goods movement Cycle Rickshaws Cycles


7 Increasing trends in motorised vehicles

8 Conflicts between modes Differential speeds Different road space requirements

9 Case 2: Humayuns Tomb

10 Existing Scenario

11 Understanding the user needs Activity Surveys Traffic demand analysis Parking surveys Road inventory surveys

12 Activity Surveys Shahjahanabad Humayuns Tomb

13 Traffic Demand analysis Focusing on moving people rather than vehicles 1 Car = 2.3 persons 1 2-Wheeler = 1.1 persons 1 Bus = 60 persons 1 3-Wheeler = 1.8 persons 1 Bicycle = 1 person 1 Rickshaw = 1 person

14 Existing Modal Split Passenger Modal Shares-Shahjahanabad

15 Passenger Modal Share-Humayun Tomb

16 Findings from Surveys Existing road designs not catering to the activities along the roads Pedestrians and Public transport users form majority of the traffic High speed differential between modes sharing the carriageway leading to conflicts Existing road designs are car-oriented and an equitable approach towards road design is required

17 JLN MargMinto Road morning evening morning evening DDU Marg morning Source: Final Feasibility Report – Traffic management plan on roads leading to NDRS and Civic Centre building at New Delhi, Volume I & II, March 2008 Capacity Analysis on Major Roads-Shahjahanabad Asaf Ali Road Bhavbhuti Marg

18 Design Solutions Jawaharlal Nehru Marg DDU Marg

19 Plan View-JLN Marg

20 Minto Road Bhavbhuti Marg

21 Retrofitting of Roads INTACH, Delhi Chapter Hamdard Chowk Design Proposal Landuse Hamdard Building LIC Office Sarvodaya School Ramlila Ground Parking Gender Safety Audit recommends activity at intersections Character Parking of cars, scooters and 3 wheelers Recommendations Activity at nodes Bird feeding activity retained at Round about.

22 Proposed Bus Stops (Delhi Gate to Ajmeri Gate) Location of Amenities LEGEND PROPOSED BUS STOPS (PLYING FROM DELHI GATE) TO AJMERI GATE ZONE OF INFLUENCE Proposed bus stops are provided at a distance of 400m to 600m (5min walking distance) from each other. Zone of Influence is taken as 400m radius (800m dia.) All bus stops must be universally accessible. Bus Stops should preferably be located within the Multi-Functional Zone – so that they do not interfere with the 1.8 M clear walking zone for passing pedestrians at the back. Source - page 103 of Pedestrian Design Guidelines, UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority, New Delhi HAMDARD CHOWK RAMLILA GROUND BHAVBHUTI MARG AJMERI GATE NEW DELHI METRO STATIO N NEW DELHI RAILWAY STATION MINTO ROAD CONNAUGH T PLACE KOTL A FIROZ SHAH DARYAGA NJ DEEN DAYAL UPADHAYA MG. DELHI GATE KHUNI DARWAZ A TURKMAN GATE CIVIC CENTR E ASAF ALI ROAD JAWAHARLAL NEHRU MG. TURKMAN ROAD MIRDARD LANE KOTLA ROAD RAJA RANJEET SINGH ROAD DELITE CINEMA KAMLA MARKET ZAKIR HUSSAIN COLLEGE EXISTING MCD PARKING

23 Humayun Tomb Re-design

24 Is that enough?

25 Conclusions Focus should be on moving people rather than vehicles Spatial segregation of motorised and non- motorised modes is required to resolve the traffic conflicts in Heritage areas Prioritize access by walking, cycling and public transport ahead of private motorised modes Make designs as per Universal Design Guidelines

26 Acknowledgements Innovative Transport Solutions (iTrans) Pvt. Ltd ( SG Architects, New Delhi INTACH-Delhi Chapter Aga Khan Trust for Culture

27 Ravi Gadepalli Thank You

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