Presentation on theme: "Effecting sound, meaning and emotion"— Presentation transcript:
1Effecting sound, meaning and emotion Elements of Poetry
2Element 1: Lines A single line in a poem “To a Snowflake”1 Hello little snowflake2 Where are all your friends?3 Should I expect a lot of them4 before the morning ends?5 I love it when you come to me6 and you all fall down together,7and I get dressed to visit you,8 toasty warm in cold, cold weather.A single line in a poemOften organized into stanzas (paragraphs)2 lines alone are a couplet
3Element 2: Rhyme and Rhyme Scheme Words Rhyme when they have the same soundPoems often use this at the end of linesRhyme scheme is the pattern of the rhymeRhyme adds a musical sound to the poem
4“Ten Minutes Till the Bus” Rhyme“Ten Minutes Till the Bus”Ten whole minutesTill the bus,Scads of time,What’s the fuss?Two to dress,One to flushTwo to eat,One to brush,That leaves fourTo catch the bus,
5Element 3: RhythmPattern of beats, or stressed/unstressed syllables in a poemPoets use words that some parts are emphasized and others are not
6The yellow parts are the stressed parts “Windy Nights”Whenever the moon and stars are set,Whenever the wind is high,All night long in the dark and wet,A man goes riding by.Late in the night the fires are out,Why does he gallop and gallop about?/ = Unstressed U = Stressed
7beside the white chickens. Element 4: Free VerseNot using regular rhythm or rhymeSounds natural, like a conversation“The Red Wheelbarrow”so much depends upona red wheelbarrowglazed with rain waterbeside the white chickens.
8Element 5: Alliteration Repeating the same consonant sound at the beginning of words, several timesMakes poetry musical and more interesting
9“Surf” Lillian Morrison Waves Want to be wheels, They jump for it and fail fall flat like pole vaulters and sprawl arms outstretched foam fingers reaching.
10Element 6: Imagery Words that appeal to the 5 senses Are “word pictures” Make you imagineHelps the reader experience things in a fresh way. Helps reader identify/make a connection
11Imagery“There is a Thing” There is a thing beneath the stair with slimy face and oily hair that does not move or speak or sing or do another single thing but sit and wait
12Element 7: SimileComparing two things that are not very similar using “like” or “as”This makes you think about things in a new wayUsed to surprise the reader
13Red = Simile Blue = ??“The World” The trees are like the hair of the world. The city is like the heart of the world. The wind is a flute player playing in the night. The cars beeping horns are like buttons beeping inside the earth. Each bird is like a single piccolo sing away and the grass, just like me, being buried under the snow.
14Element 8: MetaphorA direct comparison between two unlike things without using “Like” or “As”The poet describes the thing as if it really were the comparison“He is a rock”“she was a snake”“The earth was a marble, easily shaken”