Presentation on theme: "DOMESTIC SERVICE IN THE SOUTH AND THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT BY MICHELLE HILBERT Rosa."— Presentation transcript:
DOMESTIC SERVICE IN THE SOUTH AND THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT BY MICHELLE HILBERT http://www.prlog.org/11427765-rosa-parks-montgomery-bus-boycott.html Rosa Parks Booked for Arrest
DOMESTIC SERVICE IN THE SOUTH Domestic Workers work within the employers home. Jobs include cooking, cleaning, care for children, ironing,, laundry, running errands, etc. During the Post Slavery Period, In the eyes of the former slaveholders, "domestic service" must have been a courteous term for a contemptible occupation not a half-step away from slavery. The buses in Montgomery served each day as many as 40,000 blacks and 12,000 whites First ten seats of every bus were reserved for white riders Last 26 seats were reserved for blacks HOW MANY OF THE DOMESTIC WORKERS WERE BUS RIDERS AND LATER BECAME FREEDOM WALKERS? http://eblackstudies.org/intro/chapter11.htm Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman
BEFORE ROSA PARKS Jo Ann Robinson, educator and civil rights activist Verbally attacked by bus driver Christmas 1949 Printed 35,000 handbills for the Bus Boycott when Rosa Parks was arrested; helped deliver them 1950s elected president of the WPC (Womens Political Council) http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/robinson-jo-ann-1912-1992 Sixteen-year-old Edwina Johnson and her brother Marshall Arrested for sitting on a bus next to a white man and boy and refusing to move Spent two days in jail Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman Claudette Colvin, teenager An A student at Booker T. Washington High March 2, 1955 Sent to jail for refusing to give up her seat Charged for violating segregation laws, assault, battery, resisting arrest Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman
BEFORE ROSA PARKS Mary Louise Smith 18 years-old at the time Arrested when she refused to move to the back of the bus After being asked three times by the bus driver she said, I am not going to move out of my seat. I am not going to move anywhere. I got the privilege to sit here like anybody else does. Pleaded guilty; fined $5 http://www.riversofchange.org/women_smith.html# Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman TWO MONTHS LATER ON DECEMBER 1, 1955…
THE FAMOUS ROSA PARKS People always say that I didn't give up my seat because I was tired, Rosa Parks wrote in her autobiography, but that isn't true. I was not tired physically, or no more tired than I usually was at the end of a working day. I was not old, although some people have an image of me as being old then. I was forty-two. No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8A9gvb5Fh0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8A9gvb5Fh0 Watch-Learn-Share
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT? December 1, 1955 Famous Rosa Parks Arrest Bus Boycott ended in December 1956 Bus Boycott was lead by Martin Luther King Jr. Bus Boycott lead to the Freedom Walkers Freedom Riders and Sit-ins followed in a number of Southern States February 1, 1960 First anti-segregation sit-in at Woolworths whites-only lunch-counter in Greensboro, North Carolina was lead by four black college students May 4, 1961 First Freedom Riders – seven blacks and six whites tested equal access to services at bus terminals from Washington DC to New Orleans
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT? Seated, left to right, are Joan Trumpauer (now Mulholland), and Anne Moody (Coming of Age in Mississippi). Anne is now 71 years old. She lives in New York, has one daughter and does not grant interviews. She works for a poverty program in the city.Coming of Age in Mississippi
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT? Left, David Richmond, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, and Joseph McNeil Above right, Matthew Walker, Peggy Alexander, Diane Nash and Stanley Hemphill
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT? Fisk University student Jean Wynona Fleming Above, John Lewis, O.D. Hunt, and Dennis Gregory Foote, after their arrest at a downtown lunch counter. Right, students who were also arrested.
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT? Gasping for breath, James Bevel and John Lewis are trapped inside a Nashville restaurant filled with insecticide gas when the manager turns on a fumigating machine to disrupt a sit-in.
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT? Sit-in images were taken from: http://www.crmvet.org/images/imgcoll.htmhttp://www.crmvet.org/images/imgcoll.htm Freedom Rider Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8CAKAXR-AMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8CAKAXR-AM