Presentation on theme: "Hybrid pixel: pilot and bus K. Tanida (RIKEN) 06/09/03 Si upgrade workshop Outline Overview on ALICE pilot and bus Requirements Pilot options Bus options."— Presentation transcript:
Hybrid pixel: pilot and bus K. Tanida (RIKEN) 06/09/03 Si upgrade workshop Outline Overview on ALICE pilot and bus Requirements Pilot options Bus options R&D plans
Overview on ALICE pilot and bus ladder pilot chip pixel chips data bus with chip select optical link One pilot takes care of 10 pixel chips (serial readout) readout to pilot horizontal lines (3rd layer) vertical lines (4th layer)
Bus: cross section READOUT CHIP PIXELS DETECTOR 150 to 200µm 290µm 150 to 200µm carbon fiber support cooling passive components 6 layers: Digital GND: 25 m Digital power: 25 m Hori. line: 10 m Vert. line: 5 m Analog power: 25 m Analog GND: 25 m Material: Al (conductor) + Kapton (insulator)
Pilot chip multi chip module Takes care of readout, control (via JTAG), etc. ALICE PCMCM: Consists of 4 parts - Analog pilot (A), Digital pilot (D), GOL (G), and optical link driver (O) Analog pilot -- monitors temperature, etc. G + O drives G link. Bandwidth: 1.28 Gb/s Digital pilot -- main chip A D G O 15.5 mm 51 mm
Requirements Parallel readout -- 8 chips max lines instead of 32 Bus: high density and/or more layers Pilot: multi pilot chips or more inputs Data size: 32×256×8 bit/event Gb/s > 1.28 Gb/s (ALICE G-link bandwidth) zero suppression at front-end Other issues - Space (width: ~1.5 cm) - thickness - cost, rate of bad product
Pilot options Use original ALICE pilot chips - need multiple pilot chips per ladder seemingly unrealistic due to available space FPGA - easier to develop - size too large cannot be placed on ladder effect of longer cable is an issue new ASIC - R&D cost & time is the issue My personal opinion - new ASIC is the best solution - starting with FPGA may be better.
Zero suppression on pilot Input: 8192×8 bits in 1.6 Gb/s) Many possible ways Example: hit (1 bit) address (16 bit) 10 kbit/event (250 Mb/s) for 1% occupancy Possible issues: - error correction - total data size (25 kByte/event) Further processing may be required at later stage.
Bus options ~ 300 lines in one layer - 50 m pitch not impossible, but too aggressive 2 or 4 layers are probably reasonable (6 or 8 layers in total) Cooling pipe may be embedded in the bus. - R&D by a venture company in Japan (Enhama) If pilot chips are outside of the ladder, line width may be severer. (noise, line conductance,...)
R&D plans Pilot - Iowa, RIKEN - Iowa: starting from FPGA studying with software simulation real FPGA coding (Summer-Autumn) - RIKEN: one PD (H. Kano) staying at CERN from Apr. learning pilot/bus technologies from ALICE First prototyping (with minimal modification) within JFY complimentary to each other.
Bus R&D First trial on prototyping with minimal modification - same bus configuration - PCMCM and bus are on the same (flexy) board - power, GND: Al, signal lines: Cu - try cooling pipe embedded bus Currently doing design with KEK engineers. Submit by July, expecting to finish in Autumn. If successful, we will try buses with more layers/lines-per-layer.
Summary Pilot chip/bus modification is required due to readout time limit in PHENIX. Up to 8 chips must be read out in parallel. Zero suppression at pilot is also necessary. Pilot R&D: Iowa (FPGA) and RIKEN (ASIC) - complimentary to each other. Bus R&D: RIKEN Both started. First prototype will be available in this year.