Presentation on theme: "IO Interfaces and Bus Standards. Interface circuits Consists of the cktry required to connect an i/o device to a computer. On one side we have data bus."— Presentation transcript:
IO Interfaces and Bus Standards
Interface circuits Consists of the cktry required to connect an i/o device to a computer. On one side we have data bus signals for address, data and control. On the other side we have a data path with its associated control to transfer data between the interface and the i/o device. This side is called port. –Parallel port –Serial port
Functions of I/O interface ckt Provides a storage buffer for at least one word of data Contains status flags that can be accessed by the processor to determine whether the buffer is full or empty Contains address decoding cktry to determine when it is being addressed by the processor. Generates the appropriate timing signals required by the bus control scheme. Performs any format conversion that may be necessary to transfer data between the bus and the i/o device.
Parallel port Multiple data path is used. Short distance Higher speed Usually a parallel port transfers a byte at one time.
Input Interface ckt Any input interface must use three state logic device. Slave ready is set when either read status or read data is present. Any read operation is performed at master ready signal active. LSB address bit is used to identify the status read or data read.
Output interface ckt Output is latched A0 is used to select either status or data. Handshake signals are generated: idle, valid
Combined Input/Output ckt A0, A1 2 bits are used to select status or data registers