Presentation on theme: "The Reason Briggs v. Elliott The Reason In the 1940s, things were very different in South Carolina."— Presentation transcript:
The Reason Briggs v. Elliott The Reason
In the 1940s, things were very different in South Carolina.
WHITE children went to A FEW CONSOLIDATED SCHOOLS.
BLACK children went to MANY SMALL LOCAL SCHOOLS.
Schools like Halley Town served black children.
A Colored school used until 1941
Spring Hill School for Coloreds had two rooms. It was maintained by Spring Hill Church and the Masonic Lodge.
Rosenwald School for Colored Children
Liberty Hill School for Colored Children
Silver School for Colored Children
Paxville School for Colored Children
Scotts Branch School for Colored Children
Summerton Consolidated High School for White Children
Many rural children lived a long distance from their schools
White rural children traveled to their consolidated schools by bus.
Early 1930s bus for white children
In 1945, there was NO BUS for Colored Children
For some black children, the nearest school with their grade was 10 miles away!
Mr. Levi Pearson was unhappy that there was NO BUS to take his children to school
Rev. J.A. De Laine was an A.M.E. pastor. He was Mr. Pearsons friend.
In 1947, Mr. J.M. Hinton challenged:No teacher or preacher in South Carolina has the courage to get a plaintiff to test the school bus transportation practices of discrimination against Negro children.
Rev. De Laine took the challenge and Mr. Pearson agreed to be the Plaintiff.
Levi Pearson vs. Clarendon County and School District No. 26 became the First Legal Step toward Briggs v. Elliott A Lawsuit:
Even with poor facilities and no buses, black children still went to school and achieved.
7th Grade Graduates Liberty Hill School
Liberty Hill Graduates and Teacher
Scotts Branch School 7 th Grade Class 1940
Briggs v. Elliott started as a simple quest for equal access to education
It grew to end in Better Educational Opportunities for all American children
Briggs v. Elliott The Heroes
PLAINTIFFS in Briggs v. Elliott
HARRY BRIGGS Briggs v. Elliott Plaintiff
G. H. HENRY
20 HEROES We Salute 20 HEROES Briggs v. Elliott Plaintiffs
We also Salute Other Martyrs in Clarendon Countys quest for equality
Mr. James McKnight, who was not a plaintiff, was murdered by racists in front of his family
Mr. Bo Stukes, a plaintiff, died while trying to continue working as an auto repair mechanic after being fired. A poorly secured car fell on him while he was working.
Altered records denied Mr. Reverdy Wells, Scotts Branch 1949 class valedictorian, the opportunity of higher education
Before it was over, Rev. De Laine was sued, shot at, homeless and listed as a fugitive from South Carolina justice.
Mrs. Mattie De Laine, helpmate of Rev. J.A. De Laine. Her house burned while firemen watched.
Judge J. Waites Waring became a social outcast.
Judge Waring would NOT hear a lawsuit for Separate But Equal
Judge Waring, in a dissenting District Court opinion, said BLACK SCHOOLS WERE NOT EQUAL
They say you already have Separate But Equal schools. BUT there is no such thing as Separate But Equal
Briggs v. Elliott Through The Courts
First came the Pearson bus transportation lawsuit
Then came the first Briggs v. Elliott, suing for Separate But Equal
In 1951, there was the final Briggs v. Elliott, suing for desegregation
However, the judges did rule that school facilities must be made MORE EQUAL for black children
Warings Dissenting Opinion in a Nutshell: You guys ought to be ashamed to call such rot justice from a United States Court. I want no part of it. The dissenting Judge Waring
South Carolina approved a $75,000,000 bond to support equalization of schools.
At last, school buses were provided for black children
A new building (top) equalized Scotts Branch School and Summerton High (bottom) Scotts Branch Summerton High
Briggs v. Elliott was appealed to the Supreme Court
On January 28, 1952, Briggs v. Elliott was returned to the District Court for a report on equalization progress
By the time Briggs v. Elliott got back to the Supreme Court Brown v. Board of Education was there
Briggs v. Elliott and three other cases were argued along with Brown v. Board of Education
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court ruled In the field of public education, the doctrine of separate but equal has no place.
In response to pleas about the time needed to integrate schools, on May 31, 1955, the Court ruled Admission to public schools on a non-discriminatory basis must take place with all deliberate speed.
Many civil rights battles were later fought, but the heroes of Briggs v. Elliott had set the stage. America had promised to uphold its guarantee of LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL.