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School Bus Safety Inside & Outside. Howard Mac Dashney Executive Director MAPT 517.886.0881 (T) 517.886.0882 (F)

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Presentation on theme: "School Bus Safety Inside & Outside. Howard Mac Dashney Executive Director MAPT 517.886.0881 (T) 517.886.0882 (F)"— Presentation transcript:

1 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside

2 Howard Mac Dashney Executive Director MAPT (T) (F)

3 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside What is happening today? What is happening today? Nationally Nationally 440,000 school buses transporting 440,000 school buses transporting 23,500,000 students a total of 23,500,000 students a total of 47,000,000 daily rides 47,000,000 daily rides Michigan Michigan 18,000 school buses transporting 18,000 school buses transporting 860,000 students a total of 860,000 students a total of 1,720,000 daily rides 1,720,000 daily rides

4 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside What can be expected this year? What can be expected this year? Nationally Nationally 7.9 Billion rides covering 7.9 Billion rides covering 4.3 Billion miles 4.3 Billion miles Michigan Michigan 309,600,000 annual rides covering 309,600,000 annual rides covering 167,184,000 miles 167,184,000 miles

5 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Fatalities 1990 – 2000* 1,450 School bus-related fatalities 1,450 School bus-related fatalities 969 (67%) Occupants of other vehicles 969 (67%) Occupants of other vehicles 35 (2%) Other non-occupants 35 (2%) Other non-occupants 322 (22%) Outside school bus 322 (22%) Outside school bus 74 (5%) Struck by other vehicles 74 (5%) Struck by other vehicles 248 (17%) Struck by school bus 248 (17%) Struck by school bus 124 (9%) Inside school bus 124 (9%) Inside school bus 90 (6%) School bus passengers 90 (6%) School bus passengers 34 (2%) School bus drivers 34 (2%) School bus drivers School bus occupants vs School bus pedestrians School bus occupants vs School bus pedestrians 446 inside and outside school bus 446 inside and outside school bus 322 (72%) outside of school bus 322 (72%) outside of school bus 124 (27%) inside of school bus 124 (27%) inside of school bus *DOT, NHTSA, NCS&A, Traffic Safety Facts 2000: School Buses,

6 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Probabilities – Chances of Fatal Injuries Nationally Nationally 3.6 Times more likely to be fatally injured while walking to/from school bus than while riding inside a school bus. 3.6 Times more likely to be fatally injured while walking to/from school bus than while riding inside a school bus. 1/250,000,000 chance outside bus 1/250,000,000 chance outside bus 1/700,000,000 chance inside bus 1/700,000,000 chance inside bus Michigan Michigan No fatality inside a bus since Spring No fatality inside a bus since Spring Annually average 3 fatalities outside school bus. Annually average 3 fatalities outside school bus. 1/100,000,000 chance outside bus 1/100,000,000 chance outside bus

7 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Why should you expect this performance? Size Size Mass Mass Design Design

8 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Size Size Width – 96 (8 feet) Width – 96 (8 feet) Length – 16 to 40 Length – 16 to 40 Height – 9 to 106 Height – 9 to 106 Ground clearance 24 to body panel Ground clearance 24 to body panel Ground clearance 12 to entrance door Ground clearance 12 to entrance door Ground to floor 44 (38) Ground to floor 44 (38) Ground to seat cushion 63 (53) Ground to seat cushion 63 (53) Seat back height 24 – 27 Seat back height 24 – 27 Inside aisle width 12 Inside aisle width 12 Passenger capacity 11 – 90 Passenger capacity 11 – 90

9 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Mass Mass 10,000 lbs (5 tons) to 40,000 lbs (20 tons) 10,000 lbs (5 tons) to 40,000 lbs (20 tons) Comparison of vehicles Comparison of vehicles CarVanTruck 5 wide6 wide8 wide 12 long16 long20-65 long 3,200 lbs4,800 lbs7, ,000 lbs 5 high7 high13 high 91% RV4% RV1.4% RV

10 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Design Design Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specific for school buses Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specific for school buses FMVSS #111 Rearview Mirrors FMVSS #111 Rearview Mirrors FMVSS #121 Air Brake System ABS FMVSS #121 Air Brake System ABS FMVSS #131 School Bus Pedestrian Safety Device FMVSS #131 School Bus Pedestrian Safety Device FMVSS #210 Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages FMVSS #210 Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages FMVSS #213 Child Restraint Systems FMVSS #213 Child Restraint Systems FMVSS #217 Bus Emergency Exits, Window Retention, and Release FMVSS #217 Bus Emergency Exits, Window Retention, and Release FMVSS #220 School Bus Rollover Protection FMVSS #220 School Bus Rollover Protection FMVSS #221 School Bus Body Joint Strength FMVSS #221 School Bus Body Joint Strength FMVSS #222 School Bus Seating & Crash Protection FMVSS #222 School Bus Seating & Crash Protection FMVSS #301 Fuel System Integrity FMVSS #301 Fuel System Integrity FMVSS #302 Flammability of Interior Materials FMVSS #302 Flammability of Interior Materials

11 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Design Design Features Features Alternating Overhead Red Flashing Lights (4 light and 8 light systems) Alternating Overhead Red Flashing Lights (4 light and 8 light systems) Stop arms, lighted 8 sided signs - STOP Stop arms, lighted 8 sided signs - STOP Crossing bars, 6-8 bar for peds to/from bus Crossing bars, 6-8 bar for peds to/from bus Single right front entrance door Single right front entrance door Emergency exits – rear/side doors, side and rear window exits, roof hatches Emergency exits – rear/side doors, side and rear window exits, roof hatches Fuel tank caged and baffled and honey combed Fuel tank caged and baffled and honey combed Emergency Equipment – First Aid Kit, Flares, Fire Extinguisher, & Reflective Triangles Emergency Equipment – First Aid Kit, Flares, Fire Extinguisher, & Reflective Triangles

12 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Our Worst Nightmare! Erie Township Truck hauling 120,000 lbs of steel hits bus carrying 61 children and adults

13 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Third of four school buses turning left pulls in front of steeling hauling truck going straight at this intersection. Third of four school buses turning left pulls in front of steeling hauling truck going straight at this intersection.

14 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Safety Standards and Features prevent fatalities Safety Standards and Features prevent fatalities 48 passengers injured 48 passengers injured

15 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Truck crashes into drivers side at the rear axle. Truck crashes into drivers side at the rear axle. Penetrates 2-4 into school bus. Penetrates 2-4 into school bus. Body joint, roof strength, seat compartmentalization protects passengers. Body joint, roof strength, seat compartmentalization protects passengers. Bus & Truck respond as designed Bus & Truck respond as designed

16 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Child at point of impact ejected due to side emergency door opening & tearing body – survives! Child at point of impact ejected due to side emergency door opening & tearing body – survives! Occupants compartment withstands penetration by truck Occupants compartment withstands penetration by truck Bodies of bus & truck separate to reduce force of impact and penetration. Bodies of bus & truck separate to reduce force of impact and penetration.

17 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Summary High Profile Vehicle High Profile Vehicle Frequency & Risk Frequency & Risk Size, Mass, & Design Size, Mass, & Design Low Probability Catastrophic Events Low Probability Catastrophic Events Focus on problem – 3.6 times more dangerous outside than inside bus Focus on problem – 3.6 times more dangerous outside than inside bus Random operation vs planned sequence Random operation vs planned sequence


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