2 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Howard “Mac” DashneyExecutive DirectorMAPT(T)(F)
3 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside What is happening today?Nationally440,000 school buses transporting23,500,000 students a total of47,000,000 daily ridesMichigan18,000 school buses transporting860,000 students a total of1,720,000 daily rides
4 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside What can be expected this year?Nationally7.9 Billion rides covering4.3 Billion milesMichigan309,600,000 annual rides covering167,184,000 miles
5 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Fatalities 1990 – 2000*1,450 School bus-related fatalities969 (67%) Occupants of other vehicles35 (2%) Other non-occupants322 (22%) Outside school bus74 (5%) Struck by other vehicles248 (17%) Struck by school bus124 (9%) Inside school bus90 (6%) School bus passengers34 (2%) School bus driversSchool bus occupants vs School bus pedestrians446 inside and outside school bus322 (72%) outside of school bus124 (27%) inside of school bus*DOT, NHTSA, NCS&A, “Traffic Safety Facts 2000: School Buses,”
6 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Probabilities – Chances of Fatal InjuriesNationally3.6 Times more likely to be fatally injured while walking to/from school bus than while riding inside a school bus.1/250,000,000 chance outside bus1/700,000,000 chance inside busMichiganNo fatality inside a bus since Spring 1989.Annually average 3 fatalities outside school bus.1/100,000,000 chance outside bus
7 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Why should you expect this performance?SizeMassDesign
8 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside SizeWidth – 96” (8 feet)Length – 16’ to 40’Height – 9’ to 10’6”Ground clearance 24” to body panelGround clearance 12” to entrance doorGround to floor 44” (3’8”)Ground to seat cushion 63” (5’3”)Seat back height 24” – 27”Inside aisle width 12”Passenger capacity 11 – 90
9 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Mass10,000 lbs (5 tons) to 40,000 lbs (20 tons)Comparison of vehiclesCar Van Truck5’ wide 6’ wide 8’ wide12’ long 16’ long 20-65’ long3,200 lbs 4,800 lbs 7, ,000 lbs5’ high 7’ high 13’ high91% RV 4% RV 1.4% RV
10 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside DesignFederal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) specific for school busesFMVSS #111 Rearview MirrorsFMVSS #121 Air Brake System ABSFMVSS #131 School Bus Pedestrian Safety DeviceFMVSS #210 Seat Belt Assembly AnchoragesFMVSS #213 Child Restraint SystemsFMVSS #217 Bus Emergency Exits, Window Retention, and ReleaseFMVSS #220 School Bus Rollover ProtectionFMVSS #221 School Bus Body Joint StrengthFMVSS #222 School Bus Seating & Crash ProtectionFMVSS #301 Fuel System IntegrityFMVSS #302 Flammability of Interior Materials
11 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside DesignFeaturesAlternating Overhead Red Flashing Lights (4 light and 8 light systems)Stop arms, lighted 8 sided signs - STOPCrossing bars, 6-8’ bar for peds to/from busSingle right front entrance doorEmergency exits – rear/side doors, side and rear window exits, roof hatchesFuel tank caged and baffled and honey combedEmergency Equipment – First Aid Kit, Flares, Fire Extinguisher, & Reflective Triangles
12 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Our Worst Nightmare!Erie TownshipTruck hauling 120,000 lbs of steel hits bus carrying 61 children and adults
13 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Third of four school buses turning left pulls in front of steeling hauling truck going straight at this intersection.
14 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Safety Standards and Features prevent fatalities48 passengers injured
15 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Truck crashes into driver’s side at the rear axle.Penetrates 2-4’ into school bus.Body joint, roof strength, seat compartmentalization protects passengers.Bus & Truck respond as designed
16 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside Child at point of impact ejected due to side emergency door opening & tearing body – survives!Occupants’ compartment withstands penetration by truckBodies of bus & truck separate to reduce force of impact and penetration.
17 School Bus Safety Inside & Outside SummaryHigh Profile VehicleFrequency & RiskSize, Mass, & DesignLow Probability Catastrophic EventsFocus on problem – 3.6 times more dangerous outside than inside busRandom operation vs planned sequence