3I came to the U.S. last month. This is Mie:I’m from Amagasaki.I live in the U.S. now.I came to the U.S. last month.I LOVE TO STUDY!
4Perfect + Progressive Tenses TimeSimple TensesProgressive TensesPerfect TensesPerfect + Progressive TensesMie studies every day.Mie is studying now.Mie has studied English a lot.Mie has been studying for 2 hours.presentMie studied last night.Mie was studying when I arrived.Mie had studied English in Japan before she arrived in the U.S.Mie had been studying for 2 hours when I arrived.pastMie will study tomorrow.Mie will be studying when I arrive.Mie will have studied before I arrive.Mie will have been studying for 2 hours before I arrive.future
5Some things to remember: Present SimplePresent simple doesn’t mean it’s happening now.It is a daily habit or a usual activity.
6Some things to remember: Present SimpleMie studies every day.She doesn’t goof off!Xs‘Goof off’is slang.It means ‘waste time’or ‘avoid doing work.’
7Some things to remember: Present ProgressiveIf you want to say ‘it’s happening now’, use the present progressive.Progressive means ‘in progress.’be + V-ing
8Some things to remember: Present ProgressiveMie is studying now.She is not watching TV!She isn’t goofing off.startnowfinish?XXX
9Present Simple and Present Progressive What’s the difference?Present Simple and Present ProgressiveBridget lives in Spokane.‘a habit’‘permanent’Mie is living in Spokane.‘in progress at the time of speaking’‘temporary’This ‘temporary’ periodcan be short or long.
10Practice is coming don’t want Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep)Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb)The moon ____ around the earth. (go)Hurry! The bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want)is sleepingsleepsare climbinggoesis comingdon’t want
12Some verbs usually can’t be progressive… ThoughtsMental statesknow understand believe mean rememberFeelings/Emotionslove hate need appreciate likewant desireSenseshearseesmell taste touchPossessionhaveownpossessbelongcontainExistencebeexist seemappear
13Answers… Correct? s e s s I am knowing your name. If the sentence is wrong, please correct it.I am knowing your name.This car is belonging to me.I am having three children.This pasta is smelling so good!He is seeming nice.I’m seeing you.sess
14Some things to remember: Past SimplePast simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past.Usually we know ‘when.’V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.)go- went build - built fall - fellknow - knew come - came stand - stoodfly - flew feel - felt throw - threwgo- build- fall-know- come- stand-fly- feel- throw-etc.
15Some things to remember: Past Simple…when…Mie studied last night.She didn’t goof off!Xed
16Some things to remember: Past Simple…when…Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young.She didn’t live in Japan then.Xd
17Some things to remember: Past ProgressivePast progressive is used to show ‘interrupted past.’Progressive means ‘in progress.’was/were + V-ing
18Some things to remember: Past ProgressiveWhen I arrived, Mie was studying.Mie was studying when I arrived.was studyingXXI arrived
19When I was talking, Mie was taking notes. What’s the difference?Past ProgressiveWhen I was talking, Mie was taking notes.Mie was taking notesXXI was talking
20Practice The baby __________ when the phone _______. She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep)Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be)What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do)was sleepingrang(sleep/ ring)sleepswas livingmetwas studyingteachingplayingmetmetwaswere you doing
21Some things to remember: Present PerfectPresent perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present.…or happened sometime in the past, but we don’t know when.have/has + past participle
22Some things to remember: Present PerfectMie has studied English a lot.finish?XXWe usepresent perfectto talk aboutlife experience.This means‘in her life’.
23Some things to remember: Present PerfectMie has already eaten.XWe often useyet, already, and justwith thepresent perfect.…so she doesn’t needto eat NOW.Finished in the pastbut affects the present…
24Mie has studied English a lot. What’s the difference?Present Perfect vs. Past SimpleMie has studied English a lot.Mie studied Englishin Hawaii last year.Xfinish?XX
25Present Perfect vs. Past Simple What’s the difference?Present Perfect vs. Past SimpleMr. Jones has lived here all his life.Mr. Jones livedhere all his life.finish?XXX
26PracticeI _______ my homework every night between 7 and 9. Now it’s 8:00, so I _____________ my homework yet. (do/not finish)Ayaka and Mai _________ their homework two hours ago! (finish)Isabelle ______ to travel. She ______________ to more than 20 countries. (love/travel)Phil and Peggy _______________ for over thirty years. They ______________ in (be married/get married)dohaven’t finishedfinishedloveshas traveledhave been marriedgot married
27Some things to remember: Perfect ProgressivePresent perfect progressive describes an action in the recent past that has finished and you can see a result.…or one that hasn’t finished yet.have/has + been + past participle
28Some things to remember: Now she hasfinished shopping,but we see theresults!Some things to remember:Perfect TensesMie has been shopping.XXThis is a recentlyfinished action.
29Some things to remember: ‘since’ tells uswhen the actionbegan.Some things to remember:Perfect TensesMie has been studying English since 2001.XNot finished…beganin the pastand continuesto the present…It hasn’tfinished yet.
30Some things to remember: ‘for’ tells us‘how long.’Some things to remember:Perfect TensesMie has been studying English for six years.XNot finished…beganin the pastand continues tothe present…
31Simple and Progressive Be careful….Simple and ProgressiveI have been crashing my car.Notice that some verbs don’t make sense if you use the progessive:
32Simple and Progressive Be careful….Simple and ProgressiveI have been cutting myself.Notice that some verbs don’t make sense if you use the progessive:
33Practice did you start We’re all wet! It _____________ for two hours! Yuko ___________ homework all day! She ________ ten assignments. Wow! She needs a break!Your friend comes in. Her hands and face are dirty. Ask a question: what/you/do?How long ___________________ English? When ______________?has been raininghas been doinghas doneWhat have you been doing?have you been studyingdid you start
34Some things to remember: FutureThere are five ways to talk about the future.Xwill(be) going to + Vpresent simplepresent progressive(be) about to +VMie will study tomorrow.She’s going to be a doctor.The plane leaves at 6:15.I’m meeting him at four.I’m just about to finish.
35Some things to remember: FutureWill: I’ll see you tomorrow. I won’t tell anyone.We use will when we decide to do something at themoment of speaking.(the phone is ringing) “I’ll get it!”Volunteering!decide now!
36Meanings for willOffering:“That bag looks heavy. I’ll help you with it.”Promising:“I’ll never tell anyone how old you really are.”Requesting:“Will you please be quiet?”Predicting:“Don’t worry. You’ll pass your exam.”Volunteering“I hear the phone ringing. I’ll get it!”
37Some things to remember: FutureI’m going to do my homework at 10:00.I’m not going to goof off.(be) going to + VPlanning!Decide beforeWe use (be) going to + V when we decided before speaking.(I have hair dye.) “I’m going to dye my hair pink.”Also forPredicting: “Don’t worry. You’re going to pass your exam.”
38Will and Going to “Why are you going downtown?” What’s the difference?Will and Going to“Why are you going downtown?”“I’m going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt.”“Which shirt do you want?”“I’ll take the pink one.”Decide now!Decided before!
39Practice ‘m going to go ’ll come is knocking ‘ll get ‘ll help 1. A: “Are you leaving?”B: “Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Saki.”A: “Oh, I ________ with you!”2. A: (Knock knock…) “Someone ___________ at the door.”B: “I _____ it!”3. A: “Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire.”B: “Sure, I _______ you after dinner.”(later)A: “Dad ____________ my tire yet?”B: “No, I ____________ it after dinner.”‘m going to go’ll comeis knocking‘ll get‘ll helphave you fixed’m going to fix
40Some things to remember: Grammar cards…Simple+ ProgressivePerfectPresentPastFutureLook at this powerpoint again onGrammar LinksDon’t forget to check your homework in the library every week.‘time lines’
42Some things to remember: Future time clauses in the presentXXdo my homeworkgo downtownBefore I go downtown, I’m going to do my homework.Before I will go downtown, I’m going to do my homework.The simple present is used in future time clauses!The simple present is used in future time clauses.
43Draw timelines for these future sentences. Future time clauses in the present?XXXXXI’m going to go downtown after I do my homework.When I see her, I’ll tell her.I’ll go jogging as soon as the rain stops.I’ll stay home if it rains tomorrow.The simple present is used in these future time clauses.
44will you give will hug will tell Future time clauses The concert ________ before I ________.I _______ you as soon as I _______ to the airport.Ron: When you ____ Kathy, ____________ her a big hug?Anita: I ____! And after I _____ her, I _________ her to call you.will startarrivegetwill callseewill you givewillhugwill tell
45Some things to remember: Pronunciation of Verb PhrasesPhrases are usually pronounced as one unit, not as separate words.She has been writing to her mom every week.She zbinraiding to her mom every week.
46Some things to remember: Guess what these verb phrases are…I mgonnago downtown.He znevebin to England.Tomoe wuzntakin a bath when the fire alarm wenoff.It haznbinraining; it sbinsnowing.Mark ‘letchaknow what your homework is.
47Some things to remember: 2 Grammar cards…Simple+ ProgressivePerfectPresentPastFutureDon’t forget to check your homework in the library every week.‘time lines’