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Verb Phrases Past Present Future Bridget Green.

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Presentation on theme: "Verb Phrases Past Present Future Bridget Green."— Presentation transcript:

1 Verb Phrases Past Present Future Bridget Green

2 First, meet Mie…

3 I came to the U.S. last month.
This is Mie: I’m from Amagasaki. I live in the U.S. now. I came to the U.S. last month. I LOVE TO STUDY!

4 Perfect + Progressive Tenses
Time Simple Tenses Progressive Tenses Perfect Tenses Perfect + Progressive Tenses Mie studies every day. Mie is studying now. Mie has studied English a lot. Mie has been studying for 2 hours. present Mie studied last night. Mie was studying when I arrived. Mie had studied English in Japan before she arrived in the U.S. Mie had been studying for 2 hours when I arrived. past Mie will study tomorrow. Mie will be studying when I arrive. Mie will have studied before I arrive. Mie will have been studying for 2 hours before I arrive. future

5 Some things to remember:
Present Simple Present simple doesn’t mean it’s happening now. It is a daily habit or a usual activity.

6 Some things to remember:
Present Simple Mie studies every day. She doesn’t goof off! X s ‘Goof off’ is slang. It means ‘waste time’ or ‘avoid doing work.’

7 Some things to remember:
Present Progressive If you want to say ‘it’s happening now’, use the present progressive. Progressive means ‘in progress.’ be + V-ing

8 Some things to remember:
Present Progressive Mie is studying now. She is not watching TV! She isn’t goofing off. start now finish? X X X

9 Present Simple and Present Progressive
What’s the difference? Present Simple and Present Progressive Bridget lives in Spokane. ‘a habit’ ‘permanent’ Mie is living in Spokane. ‘in progress at the time of speaking’ ‘temporary’ This ‘temporary’ period can be short or long.

10 Practice is coming don’t want
Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep) Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb) The moon ____ around the earth. (go) Hurry! The bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want) is sleeping sleeps are climbing goes is coming don’t want

11

12 Some verbs usually can’t be progressive…
Thoughts Mental states know understand believe mean remember Feelings/Emotions love hate need appreciate like want desire Senses hear see smell taste touch Possession have own possess belong contain Existence be exist seem appear

13 Answers… Correct? s e s s I am knowing your name.
If the sentence is wrong, please correct it. I am knowing your name. This car is belonging to me. I am having three children. This pasta is smelling so good! He is seeming nice. I’m seeing you. s e s s

14 Some things to remember:
Past Simple Past simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past. Usually we know ‘when.’ V-ed (…but there are many irregular verbs.) go- went build - built fall - fell know - knew come - came stand - stood fly - flew feel - felt throw - threw go- build- fall- know- come- stand- fly- feel- throw- etc.

15 Some things to remember:
Past Simple …when… Mie studied last night. She didn’t goof off! X ed

16 Some things to remember:
Past Simple …when… Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young. She didn’t live in Japan then. X d

17 Some things to remember:
Past Progressive Past progressive is used to show ‘interrupted past.’ Progressive means ‘in progress.’ was/were + V-ing

18 Some things to remember:
Past Progressive When I arrived, Mie was studying. Mie was studying when I arrived. was studying X X I arrived

19 When I was talking, Mie was taking notes.
What’s the difference? Past Progressive When I was talking, Mie was taking notes. Mie was taking notes X X I was talking

20 Practice The baby __________ when the phone _______.
She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep) Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be) What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do) was sleeping rang (sleep/ ring) sleeps was living met was studying teaching playing met met was were you doing

21 Some things to remember:
Present Perfect Present perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present. …or happened sometime in the past, but we don’t know when. have/has + past participle

22 Some things to remember:
Present Perfect Mie has studied English a lot. finish? X X We use present perfect to talk about life experience. This means ‘in her life’.

23 Some things to remember:
Present Perfect Mie has already eaten. X We often use yet, already, and just with the present perfect. …so she doesn’t need to eat NOW. Finished in the past but affects the present…

24 Mie has studied English a lot.
What’s the difference? Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Mie has studied English a lot. Mie studied English in Hawaii last year. X finish? X X

25 Present Perfect vs. Past Simple
What’s the difference? Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Mr. Jones has lived here all his life. Mr. Jones lived here all his life. finish? X X X

26 Practice I _______ my homework every night between 7 and 9. Now it’s 8:00, so I _____________ my homework yet. (do/not finish) Ayaka and Mai _________ their homework two hours ago! (finish) Isabelle ______ to travel. She ______________ to more than 20 countries. (love/travel) Phil and Peggy _______________ for over thirty years. They ______________ in (be married/get married) do haven’t finished finished loves has traveled have been married got married

27 Some things to remember:
Perfect Progressive Present perfect progressive describes an action in the recent past that has finished and you can see a result. …or one that hasn’t finished yet. have/has + been + past participle

28 Some things to remember:
Now she has finished shopping, but we see the results! Some things to remember: Perfect Tenses Mie has been shopping. X X This is a recently finished action.

29 Some things to remember:
‘since’ tells us when the action began. Some things to remember: Perfect Tenses Mie has been studying English since 2001. X Not finished …began in the past and continues to the present… It hasn’t finished yet.

30 Some things to remember:
‘for’ tells us ‘how long.’ Some things to remember: Perfect Tenses Mie has been studying English for six years. X Not finished …began in the past and continues to the present…

31 Simple and Progressive
Be careful…. Simple and Progressive I have been crashing my car. Notice that some verbs don’t make sense if you use the progessive:

32 Simple and Progressive
Be careful…. Simple and Progressive I have been cutting myself. Notice that some verbs don’t make sense if you use the progessive:

33 Practice did you start We’re all wet! It _____________ for two hours!
Yuko ___________ homework all day! She ________ ten assignments. Wow! She needs a break! Your friend comes in. Her hands and face are dirty. Ask a question: what/you/do? How long ___________________ English? When ______________? has been raining has been doing has done What have you been doing? have you been studying did you start

34 Some things to remember:
Future There are five ways to talk about the future. X will (be) going to + V present simple present progressive (be) about to +V Mie will study tomorrow. She’s going to be a doctor. The plane leaves at 6:15. I’m meeting him at four. I’m just about to finish.

35 Some things to remember:
Future Will: I’ll see you tomorrow. I won’t tell anyone. We use will when we decide to do something at the moment of speaking. (the phone is ringing) “I’ll get it!” Volunteering! decide now!

36 Meanings for will Offering: “That bag looks heavy. I’ll help you with it.” Promising: “I’ll never tell anyone how old you really are.” Requesting: “Will you please be quiet?” Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’ll pass your exam.” Volunteering “I hear the phone ringing. I’ll get it!”

37 Some things to remember:
Future I’m going to do my homework at 10:00. I’m not going to goof off. (be) going to + V Planning! Decide before We use (be) going to + V when we decided before speaking. (I have hair dye.) “I’m going to dye my hair pink.” Also for Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’re going to pass your exam.”

38 Will and Going to “Why are you going downtown?”
What’s the difference? Will and Going to “Why are you going downtown?” “I’m going to go downtown to buy that pink shirt.” “Which shirt do you want?” “I’ll take the pink one.” Decide now! Decided before!

39 Practice ‘m going to go ’ll come is knocking ‘ll get ‘ll help
1. A: “Are you leaving?” B: “Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Saki.” A: “Oh, I ________ with you!” 2. A: (Knock knock…) “Someone ___________ at the door.” B: “I _____ it!” 3. A: “Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire.” B: “Sure, I _______ you after dinner.” (later) A: “Dad ____________ my tire yet?” B: “No, I ____________ it after dinner.” ‘m going to go ’ll come is knocking ‘ll get ‘ll help have you fixed ’m going to fix

40 Some things to remember:
Grammar cards… Simple + Progressive Perfect Present Past Future Look at this powerpoint again on Grammar Links Don’t forget to check your homework in the library every week. ‘time lines’

41 Finished!

42 Some things to remember:
Future time clauses in the present X X do my homework go downtown Before I go downtown, I’m going to do my homework. Before I will go downtown, I’m going to do my homework. The simple present is used in future time clauses! The simple present is used in future time clauses.

43 Draw timelines for these future sentences.
Future time clauses in the present ? X X X X X I’m going to go downtown after I do my homework. When I see her, I’ll tell her. I’ll go jogging as soon as the rain stops. I’ll stay home if it rains tomorrow. The simple present is used in these future time clauses.

44 will you give will hug will tell Future time clauses
The concert ________ before I ________. I _______ you as soon as I _______ to the airport. Ron: When you ____ Kathy, ____________ her a big hug? Anita: I ____! And after I _____ her, I _________ her to call you. will start arrive get will call see will you give will hug will tell

45 Some things to remember:
Pronunciation of Verb Phrases Phrases are usually pronounced as one unit, not as separate words. She has been writing to her mom every week. She zbinraiding to her mom every week.

46 Some things to remember:
Guess what these verb phrases are… I mgonnago downtown. He znevebin to England. Tomoe wuzntakin a bath when the fire alarm wenoff. It haznbinraining; it sbinsnowing. Mark ‘letchaknow what your homework is.

47 Some things to remember:
2 Grammar cards… Simple + Progressive Perfect Present Past Future Don’t forget to check your homework in the library every week. ‘time lines’

48 Finished!


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