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Education Center e – Learning TIME MANAGEMENT In these days of increasing global competition, rising health care costs, and labor shortages, employers.

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Presentation on theme: "Education Center e – Learning TIME MANAGEMENT In these days of increasing global competition, rising health care costs, and labor shortages, employers."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Education Center e – Learning TIME MANAGEMENT

3 In these days of increasing global competition, rising health care costs, and labor shortages, employers are constantly striving to increase productivity. One of the best ways to increase productivity is to make sure that all of students effectively managing their time at work. Training all new and retraining current studebts in the principles and techniques of effective time management is essential. This sample presentation is intended for presentation to all people. It is designed to be presented by an individual who has knowledge of time management principles and techniques. This is a sample presentation that must be customized to include and match the sponsorship and employers own policies and practices. Introduction

4 At the close of this session, you will be able to: At the close of this session, you will be able to: Recognize the importance of managing time effectively Recognize the importance of managing time effectively Understand ways in which we all waste time Understand ways in which we all waste time Follow tips for effective time management Follow tips for effective time management Avoid two major challenges to effective time management – unproductive and unnecessary meetings and overload. Avoid two major challenges to effective time management – unproductive and unnecessary meetings and overload. Objectives

5 The Importance of Managing Time Effectively By labor we can find food and water, but all of our labor will not find for us another hour. By labor we can find food and water, but all of our labor will not find for us another hour. In other words, time is finite – there s only so much of it. In other words, time is finite – there s only so much of it. By effectively managing our time, we can avoid a stressed and less productive workplace and avoid cramming work and family and other personal needs into finite hours. By effectively managing our time, we can avoid a stressed and less productive workplace and avoid cramming work and family and other personal needs into finite hours. Just as we spend so much effort managing money, we need to spend equivalent effort managing time. Just as we spend so much effort managing money, we need to spend equivalent effort managing time.

6 What are some of the ways we waste time ? We waste time due to factors beyond our control but also due to factors within our control. What are some of the factors beyond our control that result in our wasting time? (To make this interactive, you may want to ask this question and put responses on flip chart of white board.) What are some of the factors within our control that result in our wasting time? (To make this interactive, you may want to ask this question and put responses on flip chart of white board.)

7 Ways in which we waste time: Factors beyond our control Interruptions – phone calls, questions from Coworkers, Friends & customers Interruptions – phone calls, questions from Coworkers, Friends & customers Computer and other equipment problems Computer and other equipment problems Holding and attending unnecessary and unproductive meetings Holding and attending unnecessary and unproductive meetings Staffing shortages – covering for absent coworkers Staffing shortages – covering for absent coworkers Unplanned work and changed priorities Unplanned work and changed priorities

8 Ways in which we waste time: Factors within our control Lack of good planning and organization, failing to set and maintain priorities, losing focus on task at hand – jumping from project to project without completing any Lack of good planning and organization, failing to set and maintain priorities, losing focus on task at hand – jumping from project to project without completing any Holding and attending unnecessary and unproductive meetings Holding and attending unnecessary and unproductive meetings Spending too much time on phone calls, s and the internet Spending too much time on phone calls, s and the internet Procrastinating until a project becomes urgent Procrastinating until a project becomes urgent Inability to say No when appropriate – taking on too much Inability to say No when appropriate – taking on too much Failure to delegate when possible Failure to delegate when possible Socializing too much Socializing too much

9 Tips for Effective Time Management To manage your time effectively: Plan and organize your day and week Plan and organize your day and week Manage and control interruptions. Manage and control interruptions.

10 Tips (cont d) - Planning and Organizing Planning is the most important activity in managing your time effectively. Planning is the most important activity in managing your time effectively. As the old quote goes, As the old quote goes, Failing to plan is planning to fail Failing to plan is planning to fail

11 Plan each day in as much detail as possible. Do this ideally at the end of the preceding day or the first thing at the beginning of your day. ( Plan your week on a big picture basis making notes in your day-timer or desk calendar.) Plan each day in as much detail as possible. Do this ideally at the end of the preceding day or the first thing at the beginning of your day. ( Plan your week on a big picture basis making notes in your day-timer or desk calendar.) Make a daily to-do list of your objectives in order of priority. Use whatever system you prefer to record this list – handwritten, computerized, day-timer, blackberry. Cross out items as they are completed. Move items that cannot be done that day to another day in the week. Make a daily to-do list of your objectives in order of priority. Use whatever system you prefer to record this list – handwritten, computerized, day-timer, blackberry. Cross out items as they are completed. Move items that cannot be done that day to another day in the week. Tips (cont d) - Planning and Organizing

12 Batch routine tasks together – separate from your high priority tasks Batch routine tasks together – separate from your high priority tasks Break any large task or project into smaller pieces Break any large task or project into smaller pieces Work on priority or routine items during that time of day which matches your work habit preferences. Work on priority or routine items during that time of day which matches your work habit preferences. For example, if you are a morning person and like to tackle tough assignments when you first start working, batch your priority and harder tasks in the morning hours. Do more routine tasks in the afternoon. For example, if you are a morning person and like to tackle tough assignments when you first start working, batch your priority and harder tasks in the morning hours. Do more routine tasks in the afternoon. Tips (cont d) - Planning and Organizing

13 Handle each piece of paper or document only once if at all possible. Refer it on, file it, or discard it. Handle each piece of paper or document only once if at all possible. Refer it on, file it, or discard it. (Another idea is to have a temporary hold until discarded file – keep a file, perhaps under your desk where you place documents you are not quite ready to discard. Last ones on top so it is chronological. If you have not needed the document in 3 months, discard it when you periodically review the stack.) (Another idea is to have a temporary hold until discarded file – keep a file, perhaps under your desk where you place documents you are not quite ready to discard. Last ones on top so it is chronological. If you have not needed the document in 3 months, discard it when you periodically review the stack.) Tips (cont d) - Planning and Organizing

14 Challenges to Effective Time Management Three workplace challenges to effective time management that are within our control: Unnecessary and unproductive meetings Unnecessary and unproductive meetings s. s. Ways to avoid unnecessary and unproductive meetings. Ways to avoid unnecessary and unproductive meetings. Determine if the meeting is really necessary Determine if the meeting is really necessary

15 Challenges (cont d) - Meetings Reasons NOT to have a meeting: You can more effectively accomplish your purpose by telephone, memo, report, , or a one-on-one discussion You can more effectively accomplish your purpose by telephone, memo, report, , or a one-on-one discussion It is premature to meet – the subject is too uncertain or too insignificant to justify a meeting It is premature to meet – the subject is too uncertain or too insignificant to justify a meeting The group needs a cooling off period – currently too much anger or hostility among members. The group needs a cooling off period – currently too much anger or hostility among members. Also, consider having one day each week when no meetings are held Also, consider having one day each week when no meetings are held

16 Challenges (cont d) - Meetings Reasons to have a meeting: To allow attendees to collaborate – review, evaluate, discuss, problem-solve, decide – with each other To allow attendees to collaborate – review, evaluate, discuss, problem-solve, decide – with each other To present significant information To present significant information

17 Start on time Start on time Always make and follow an agenda. With each agenda item, include: Always make and follow an agenda. With each agenda item, include: the topic stated in question form the topic stated in question form the person responsible for leading the discussion the person responsible for leading the discussion the information relative to the issue the information relative to the issue the time allotted for that issue the time allotted for that issue the action/reason/purpose of the exchange the action/reason/purpose of the exchange Tip: Include with the agenda a not-on-agenda list of topics that are off limits for this meeting. Indicate when these items might be expected to be on a future agenda. Tip: Include with the agenda a not-on-agenda list of topics that are off limits for this meeting. Indicate when these items might be expected to be on a future agenda. Challenges (cont d) - Meetings

18 Avoid attending your subordinates' meetings unless specifically invited to discuss a topic and limit your time attending to the discussion of that topic Avoid attending your subordinates' meetings unless specifically invited to discuss a topic and limit your time attending to the discussion of that topic Limit presentations to 10 minutes. If a presentation is longer than 10 minutes, schedule the presentation separately as such and not as part of a meeting. Limit presentations to 10 minutes. If a presentation is longer than 10 minutes, schedule the presentation separately as such and not as part of a meeting. Avoid having a meeting lasting over 90 minutes. Avoid having a meeting lasting over 90 minutes. Challenges (cont d) - Meetings

19 Challenges (cont d) - Unless you are awaiting an urgent message, check s only at specified times during the day. When you have planned to devote a block of time to work on project, do not interrupt it by checking s. Unless you are awaiting an urgent message, check s only at specified times during the day. When you have planned to devote a block of time to work on project, do not interrupt it by checking s. Set up folders to save appropriate s – possibly one folder for messages to review later and delete or respond to and another folder for reference/retention. Set up folders to save appropriate s – possibly one folder for messages to review later and delete or respond to and another folder for reference/retention. Touch each just once – same as for paper documents. Decide whether to delete, save to respond to later, save for reference or retention, or to respond to immediately. Touch each just once – same as for paper documents. Decide whether to delete, save to respond to later, save for reference or retention, or to respond to immediately.

20 Agree within your own department or company-wide on subject-line protocols Agree within your own department or company-wide on subject-line protocols Some suggestions: Some suggestions: No reply needed – NRN No reply needed – NRN Thank you – TY Thank you – TY Need response by date and time – NRB (date) (time) Need response by date and time – NRB (date) (time) End of message (EOM) End of message (EOM) Use subject line for entire message, example Meet 10 am on 03/01 Okay? (EOM) Use subject line for entire message, example Meet 10 am on 03/01 Okay? (EOM) Challenges (cont d) -

21 Keep s short – no more than 1-10 sentences. Communicate main point in first or second sentence. Keep s short – no more than 1-10 sentences. Communicate main point in first or second sentence. After two rounds of trying to solve a problem via , use phone or talk in person. After two rounds of trying to solve a problem via , use phone or talk in person. If you can t respond immediately, let the other party know when you can if you can t respond to avoid repeat messages If you can t respond immediately, let the other party know when you can if you can t respond to avoid repeat messages Challenges (cont d) -

22 Remove yourself from as many distribution lists as possible Remove yourself from as many distribution lists as possible Use filters or rules to eliminate or assign junk s to a special folder Use filters or rules to eliminate or assign junk s to a special folder Use No response required to end messages and discourage unnecessary replies. Use No response required to end messages and discourage unnecessary replies. If someone is sending you messages or jokes that you do not need and want, ask them politely to stop. If someone is sending you messages or jokes that you do not need and want, ask them politely to stop. Develop boilerplate or stock responses for frequently used messages and save them in your draft folder using the subject line for easy recognition and retrieval. Develop boilerplate or stock responses for frequently used messages and save them in your draft folder using the subject line for easy recognition and retrieval. Challenges (cont d) -

23 Time is finite – there is only so much of it. That is why it is so important for us to manage our time effectively at work. Time is finite – there is only so much of it. That is why it is so important for us to manage our time effectively at work. By effectively managing our time, we can avoid a stressed and less productive workplace and avoid cramming work and family and other personal needs into finite hours. By effectively managing our time, we can avoid a stressed and less productive workplace and avoid cramming work and family and other personal needs into finite hours. There are ways in which we all waste time. Some are beyond our control. But many are within our control and these are the ones we need to work on. There are ways in which we all waste time. Some are beyond our control. But many are within our control and these are the ones we need to work on. To manage your time effectively plan and organize your day and week. To manage your time effectively plan and organize your day and week. Manage and control interruptions paying special attention to meetings and . Manage and control interruptions paying special attention to meetings and . Summary


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