Presentation on theme: "Brug sidefod under VIS 5th Annual Microturbine Applications Workshop Ottawa, Canada – January 25 – 27, 2005 European experiences with 18 Microturbines."— Presentation transcript:
Brug sidefod under VIS 5th Annual Microturbine Applications Workshop Ottawa, Canada – January 25 – 27, 2005 European experiences with 18 Microturbines "the OMES project" presented by: Aksel Hauge Pedersen Dansk Olie og Naturgas A/S Denmark
Brug sidefod under VIS OMES – Optimized Microturbine Energy Systems (http://www.omes-eu.com)
Brug sidefod under VIS OMES - Content Demonstration of 18 - 100 kW e - microturbines in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Germany and Ireland. Development of microturbine solutions for CHP, cooling and industrial processes. Development of microturbine solutions for different fuels (natural gas, biogas and methanol) Different applications èCHP production èCluster plant - power production èSteam production èCooling èCO 2 in green houses Alternative fuels (to natural gas) è Biogas è Methanol
Brug sidefod under VIS OMES - Targets Energy efficient and flexible microturbine solutions Realistic data for efficiency, environmental conditions, O/M conditions etc. National-/EU possibilities for CO 2 reduction Enforce EU position in the global market for microturbines Technology Targets èPower efficiency from 30 to 33%, and in the long run to 40% èAvailability > 90% èFuel flexibel (Natural gas, Biogas, LPG, Diesel) and in the long run to handle fuels with heating values down to 25% of the heating value for natural gas. èNO x < 15 ppm at 15% O 2,. èMaintenance costs < 12,5 USD/MWh
Brug sidefod under VIS OMES – demo hosts DK2Cph AirportDONG(DGC) DK5Diff. Apartment houses, Køge (Cluster)Energi E2 DK1M/R station, LyngeDONG N1Statoil, Stavanger (cooling)Statoil N1Fjell BorettslagStatoil S1Mariestads Avl. Rening.SGC S1Klitte & Lundh (Green House – CO2)SGC S1School at KävlingeSGC SF1VTT (cooling)Gasum D1Buss. Centre, HamburgVattenfall EI1Industry Limerick (steam)DONG(SGC) EI1St. John of God Hosp. DublinSGC Country units Demo host EI1Ht. Oakwood Arms, ShannonDONG(SGC) TOTAL18 Responsible Project participants Norway - Statoil - (NTNU) Sweden - Vattenfall, Turbec, SGC, (LTH, Ångpannaföreningen, Hälsingborg Energiverk) Finland - Gasum OY (VTT) Denmark – DONG *), Energi E2 (DGC, AUC, dk-Teknik) *) Overall projectleader Overall project budget: 5 million USD. Project period: September 2001 – April 2004
Brug sidefod under VIS 20 m 3 heat accumulation tank at Cluster plant installation, Koege, Denmark
Brug sidefod under VIS Methanol fired installation at Statoil, Stavanger, Norway (with cooling) Broad Chiller at Statoil, Forus, Stavanger. Photo: Roar Stokholm, Statoil Installation of methanol fuel tank at Forus.Photo: Tor Berquist, Statoil Turbec T100 at Statoil, Forus, Stavanger. Photo: Roar Stokholm, Statoil
Brug sidefod under VIS "Container" installation at Hamburg, Germany Noise lewel outside container < 45 dbA
Brug sidefod under VIS *) Extra costs due to OMES conditions 10 - 30.000 /unit Figure Pre-installation imageFigure Image after installation Installation af Ht. Radisson, Limerick, Eireland
Brug sidefod under VIS Operation data from 2 OMES installations (Torpgården) PlantTorpgården unit 1Torpgården unit 2 Plant ownerEnergi E2 InstalledApril 2003 Running hours by 0403176.041 hours6.294 hours FuelNatural gas FunctionHeating of houses and production of hot water Power production, kWh (accumulated by 040317)540.000553.000 Heat production, kWh (accumulated by 040301)750.000744.000 factory test 8/3 2004 power gross (excl. pressuration of gas) % 30,430,832,4 power net % 29,029,430,5 total gross (excl. pressuration of gas) % 75,276,180,7 total net % 73,974,878,8 Water temp. out deg. C90 Water temp. in deg C50
Brug sidefod under VIS Did we reach the success criteria for the OMES project? Success Criteria for the OMES projectAchivements Power Efficiency 30 % during full load operation (ref. LCV) OK for the newest versions installed. The first installations had power efficiencies between 29- and 30%. Overall efficiency 85 % (ref. LCV) Not achieved. The major problems seems to be heat loos through ventilation air, and to high inlet water temp. Observed interval for for overall efficiency 60 - 80%, primarily depending of inlet water temperature. Availability 90 % OK for most installations O/M Costs < 12,5 USD /MWh e.Not achieved. Observed results 16 – 18,5 USD/MWh Unit Cost < 1000 USD/kW e OK? Observed result: 1000 – 1075 USD/kW Emission levels < 15 ppm NO x, @ 15% OAlmost OK for most sites at full load and part load. For CO and UHC - levels < 10 ppm @ 15% O 2 were achieved at full load, but raising levels found at low load conditions.
Brug sidefod under VIS Measured Power efficiency
Brug sidefod under VIS Measured Total efficiency
Brug sidefod under VIS Environmental measurements – VTT unit MeasuredUnit115 kWe100 kWe 86.3 kWe 75 kWe 57.5 kWe 50 kWe CO dry 15% O 2 Ppm3.3039356810741083 HC wet 15% O 2 Ppm3.60.122738911641128 NO wet 15% O 2 Ppm10.29.67.39.110.512 NO x wet 15% O 2 Ppm11.410.49.911.313.915 CO 2 dry 15% O 2 %220.127.116.11 3 O 2 dry%18.0518.0918.2918.3418.6118.64
Brug sidefod under VIS Conclusions from the OMES project z Most technical and environmental goals were achieved, and unit cost seems OK z Remaining problems with economic parameters like overall efficiency, O/M costs - and installation costs: Overall efficiency is very dependent of inlet water temperature, which carefully must be taken into account by planning new installations. O/M costs are likely to be reduced as the number of micro turbines increase. Installation costs variation 800 - 2000 USD/kW. 125 – 375 USD/kW, was OMES specific costs (measurement, data transmission etc.). The observed level will be reduced when "plug and play" micro turbine installations can be made, and/or authorities will be accustomed to the micro turbine installations. The OMES project showed that the micro turbine technology is reliable and working satisfactory. Installation costs must be reduced to give the micro turbine a commercial break through.