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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Develop position-time graphs for moving objects. Use a position-time graph to interpret an objects position or displacement. Make motion diagrams, pictorial representations, and position-time graphs that are equivalent representations describing an objects motion. In this section you will: Section 2.3-1

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Section 2.3-2

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Graphs of an objects position and time contain useful information about an objects position at various times. It can be helpful in determining the displacement of an object during various time intervals. Using a Graph to Find Out Where and When Section 2.3-3

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Using a Graph to Find Out Where and When The data in the table can be presented by plotting the time data on a horizontal axis and the position data on a vertical axis, which is called a position-time graph. Section 2.3-4

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs To draw the graph, plot the objects recorded positions. Then, draw a line that best fits the recorded points. This line represents the most likely positions of the runner at the times between the recorded data points. Using a Graph to Find Out Where and When The symbol x represents the instantaneous position of the objectthe position at a particular instant. Section 2.3-5

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Words, pictorial representations, motion diagrams, data tables, and position-time graphs are all representations that are equivalent. They all contain the same information about an objects motion. Depending on what you want to find out about an objects motion, some of the representations will be more useful than others. Equivalent Representations Section 2.3-6

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects In the graph, when and where does runner B pass runner A? Section 2.3-7

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Step 1: Analyze the Problem Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Section 2.3-8

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Restate the question. At what time do A and B have the same position? Section 2.3-9

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs Step 2: Solve for the Unknown Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Section 2.3-10

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs In the figure, examine the graph to find the intersection of the line representing the motion of A with the line representing the motion of B. Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Section 2.3-11

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs These lines intersect at 45.0 s and at about 190 m. Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Section 2.3-12

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs B passes A about 190 m beyond the origin, 45.0 s after A has passed the origin. Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Section 2.3-13

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Position-Time Graphs The steps covered were: Considering the Motion of Multiple Objects Section 2.3-14 Step 1: Analyze the Problem Restate the questions. Step 2: Solve for the Unknown

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Section Check A position-time graph of an athlete winning the 100-m run is shown. Estimate the time taken by the athlete to reach 65 m. Question 1 A.6.0 s B.6.5 s C.5.5 s D.7.0 s Section 2.3-15

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Section Check Reason: Draw a horizontal line from the position of 65 m to the line of best fit. Draw a vertical line to touch the time axis from the point of intersection of the horizontal line and line of best fit. Note the time where the vertical line crosses the time axis. This is the estimated time taken by the athlete to reach 65 m. Answer 1 Section 2.3-16

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Section Check A position-time graph of an athlete winning the 100-m run is shown. What was the instantaneous position of the athlete at 2.5 s? Question 2 A.15 m B.20 m C.25 m D.30 m Section 2.3-17

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Section Check Reason: Draw a vertical line from the position of 2.5 m to the line of best fit. Draw a horizontal line to touch the position axis from the point of intersection of the vertical line and line of best fit. Note the position where the horizontal line crosses the position axis. This is the instantaneous position of the athlete at 2.5 s. Answer 2 Section 2.3-18

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Section Check From the following position-time graph of two brothers running a 100-m dash, at what time do both brothers have the same position? The smaller brother started the race from the 20-m mark. Question 3 Section 2.3-19

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Section 2.3 Section 2.3 Section Check Answer 3 Answer: The two brothers meet at 6 s. In the figure, we find the intersection of lines representing the motion of one brother with the line representing the motion of other brother. These lines intersect at 6 s and at 60 m. Section 2.3-20

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Section 2.4 Section 2.4 How Fast? End of Section 2.3

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