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Warm-up –Answer these Essential Questions 1.Explain the style of the Postmodernist time period in literature. 2.Name the genres of the Postmodernists.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm-up –Answer these Essential Questions 1.Explain the style of the Postmodernist time period in literature. 2.Name the genres of the Postmodernists."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm-up –Answer these Essential Questions 1.Explain the style of the Postmodernist time period in literature. 2.Name the genres of the Postmodernists. 3.What was happening in the U.S. during this period? 4.Name some works from this period. 5.Name some authors from this period.

2 Time Periods of Literature Lesson 42 Postmodernism 1946-Present

3 Georgia Performance Standard ELAALRL3: The student deepens understanding of literary works by relating them to their contemporary context or historical background, as well as to works from other time periods. b. The student relates a literary work to the characteristics of the literary time period or historical setting: – v. Postmodernism

4 Genre & Style of the Postmodernism Period mixing of fantasy with nonfiction; blurs lines of reality for reader no heroes – later, antiheroes concern with individual in isolation narratives, essays, poems, short stories, novels usually humorless social issues as writers align with feminist & ethnic groups metafiction present tense magic realism

5 Historical Context of Modernism post World War II (WWII) prosperity dawn of the nuclear age & Cold War with Soviet Union Korean War and Vietnam War civil Rights protests/riots/gains womens Liberation Movement watergate scandal explosive suburban growth because of automobiles media culture interprets values people beginning a new century and a new millennium

6 Notable Writers Flannery OConnor John Updike (b.1932) Robert Lowell ( ) Theodore Roethke ( ) Robert Penn Warren ( ) Arthur Miller – Playwright (The Crucible) Others

7 Rainbow of Writers African American – Rita Dove (Poet), Toni Morrison, Alice Walker Native American – N. Scot Momaday (Essayist), Joy Harjo, Asian American – Maxine Hong Kingston (Chinese), Naoomi Shibab (Arab American) Latino – Martin Espada (lawyer) Julia Alvarez was born in NY, raised in Dominican Republic, and came back to US at ten years old. These and others prove that Americans strength lies in its diversity.

8 Truman Capote ( ) Wrote short stories, novels, and screenplays Novel: In Cold Blood (fictional novel based on a real event – He called it a nonfiction novel, though.) Novella: Breakfast at Tiffanys

9 J.D. Salinger ( ) Novel: Catcher in the Rye themes of teenage confusion, angst, sexuality, alienation, and rebellion The novel's protagonist and antihero, Holden Caulfield, has become an icon for teenage rebellion.

10 Alex Haley ( ) ghostwriter for The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965) wrote Roots and won Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award for it There is some controversy that parts of Roots are inaccurate.

11 A. R. Ammons ( ) He had worked as an elementary school principal, a real estate salesman, an editor, and an executive in his father's biological glass company before he began teaching at Cornell University in Wrote the book-length poem, Garbage (1993), which won the National Book Award and the Library of Congress' Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry

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13 A few lines from Garbage… garbage has to be the poem of our time because garbage is spiritual, believable enough to get our attention, getting in the way, piling up, stinking, turning brooks brownish and creamy white: what else deflects us from the errors of our illusionary ways…

14 A few more lines from Garbage… …here the driver knows where the consummations gather, where the disposal flows out of form, where the last translations cast away their immutable bits and scraps, flits of steel, shivers of bottle and tumbler, here is the gateway to beginning, here the portal of renewing change…

15 Toni Morrison Nobel Prize for Literature 1993

16 Click on picture to start video segment (5:11) Toni Morrison on the Purpose of African American Literature

17 Carson McCullers born and raised in Columbus, Georgia married and moved at 17 hard life because of physical problems that started in her 30s

18 Rachel Carson wrote the book, Silent Spring, which spurred the environmental protection movement

19 Click on black area to start video segment (1:56) Rachel Carson

20 Georgia Performance Standard ELAALRL3: The student deepens understanding of literary works by relating them to their contemporary context or historical background, as well as to works from other time periods. b. The student relates a literary work to the characteristics of the literary time period or historical setting: – v. Postmodernism

21 Warm-up –Answer these Essential Questions 1.Explain the style of the Postmodernist time period in literature. 2.Name the genres of the Postmodernists. 3.What was happening in the U.S. during this period? 4.Name some works from this period. 5.Name some authors from this period.

22 1.Explain the style of the Postmodernist time period in literature. mixing of fantasy with nonfiction; blurs lines of reality for reader present tense no heroes, then later, antiheroes Social issues as writers align with feminist & ethnic groups usually humorless concern with individual in isolation magic realism

23 2. Name the genres of the Postmodernists. narratives, essays, poems, short stories, novels

24 3. What was happening in the U.S. during this period? Post World War II (WWII) prosperity Dawn of the nuclear age & Cold War with Soviet Union Korean War and Vietnam War Civil Rights protests/riots/gains Womens Liberation Movement Watergate scandal Explosive suburban growth because of automobiles media culture interprets values People beginning a new century and a new millennium

25 4. Name some works from this period. Possibly… In Cold Blood Silent Spring The Crucible The Color Purple Garbage Roots The Autobiography of Malcolm X Catcher in the Rye Breakfast at Tiffanys

26 5. Name some authors from this period. Possible answers: Carson McCullers, John Updike, Flannery OConnor, Truman Capote, Scott Momaday, Barry Lopez, Theodore Roethke, Elizabeth Bishop, A.R. Ammons, Rita Dove, Maxine Hong Kingston, Martin Espada, J.D. Sallinger, Alex Haley, Rachel Carson, Flannery OConnor, Robert Lowell, Robert Penn Warren, Arthur Miller, Toni Morrison, etc.

27 We have studied all of these time periods below. Which one is most appealing to you and why? Write a paragraph with a topic sentence supporting details, and concluding sentence. Native American Colonial/Revolutionary/National Romanticism Transcendentalism Realism Naturalism Modernism (including Harlem Renaissance) Postmodernism


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