How do you currently use Time Out in your classrooms?
What is the theory around Reinforcement Research has demonstrated that consistently and systematically reinforcing a desirable behaviour maintains or decreases it. (Alberto & Troutman, 2006; Bailey & Surgai, 1988)
What is Time Out? From a behaviourist perspective –Time Out is a behaviour reduction procedure or form of punishment in which students are denied access to all opportunities for reinforcement, contingent upon their displaying inappropriate behaviour (Alberto and Troutman, 2006) Types of Time Out Inclusion Time out Exclusion Time Out Seclusion Time Out Restrained Time out
When wont it work? When classrooms are insufficiently rewarding. When both the teacher and child are being rewarded by the time out
What do we need to do to make it work? Make our classrooms reinforcing-Strive for 5:1 positive comments. Rule of Thumb is max 1 min per age- research has shown that if Time Outs longer than 5 mins are not more effective. They do need to have been quiet for 2 mins if they are having a tantrum signaling that they have calmed down. Use a timer/egg timer If you are using it for non-compliance repeat the command when the time has finished Use time Out for serious problems – not just calling out.
This weeks challenge Have a look at how Time Out is used in your class. Is it lessening the targeted behaviour of that child? How can I make it more effective?