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Lesson 2 Quiz Time – Presentation A. Q1. If a woman has sex during her period the chances of her getting pregnant are non-existent FALSE It is unlikely.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2 Quiz Time – Presentation A. Q1. If a woman has sex during her period the chances of her getting pregnant are non-existent FALSE It is unlikely."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 2 Quiz Time – Presentation A

2 Q1. If a woman has sex during her period the chances of her getting pregnant are non-existent FALSE It is unlikely that a female would become pregnant during her period, however … –sperm can survive 4-7 days inside the female body, increasing the chances of pregnancy –some females have shorter menstrual cycles and menstrual cycles may be disrupted (e.g. by stress) so its not possible to predict the time point of her next ovulation

3 Q2. You cant get pregnant the first time you have sex FALSE It is possible to get pregnant if sperm comes into contact with the vagina, whether it is the first time you have sex or not More than 85 out of 100 sexually active females who are not using any contraceptive method will get pregnant within one year 1 Reference: 1.Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, Nelson A, Cates W, Guest F, Kowal D. Contraceptive Technology: Nineteenth Revised Edition. New York, NY: Ardent Media, 2007.

4 Q3. You cant get pregnant if the male withdraws before he ejaculates FALSE This method frequently fails because small drops of sperm may escape from the penis into the vagina before the male ejaculates. If the withdrawal method is used typically 27% of women will get pregnant within one year 1 Reference: 1.Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, Nelson A, Cates W, Guest F, Kowal D. Contraceptive Technology: Nineteenth Revised Edition. New York, NY: Ardent Media, 2007.

5 Q4. The chance of a woman getting pregnant is one in two million if she only has sex once or twice FALSE 85 out of 100 sexually active females will become pregnant within a year if they are not using contraception 1 There is a chance of getting pregnant every time sperm comes into contact with the vagina Reference: 1.Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, Nelson A, Cates W, Guest F, Kowal D. Contraceptive Technology: Nineteenth Revised Edition. New York, NY: Ardent Media, 2007.

6 Q5. If the condom tears during sex, I am still protected because condoms contain a substance that kills sperm FALSE Very few condoms are lubricated with spermicide (a chemical that kills sperms). According to research they have no additional benefit in preventing pregnancy 2 If the condom tears or splits you are not protected against an unplanned pregnancy or a STI. Replace the torn condom with a new one and visit your doctor or local clinic for emergency contraception within the next few hours Reference: 2. Condoms: Extra protection. ConsumerReports.org (February 2005). Retrieved on Condoms: Extra protection

7 Q6. Wearing two condoms provides double the protection against unplanned pregnancy and STIs FALSE Wearing two condoms doesn't work. One may rub against the other and may either come off or split. Wearing two condoms doesn't double your protection, it doubles the chances of something going wrong Also, you should not use oil-based lubricants with condoms either. It weakens the rubber and could cause them to split

8 Q7. It is unlikely you will get a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) under the age of 25 FALSE! Since the 1990s, the number of STIs has remained at a high level in most countries 3 Worldwide, the largest proportion of STIs is believed to occur in people younger than 25 years 4 References: 3. WHO. Global prevalence and incidence of selected curable sexually transmitted infections: overview and estimates. Geneva: World Health Organization, Dehne KL, Reidner G. Sexually transmitted infections among adolescents: the need for adequate health services. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 2005

9 Q8. You dont have to sleep with lots of people to get an STI True You are at an increased risk if you have a number of sexual partners, but anyone can be at risk if they have unprotected sex If you are not sure about whether you or your partner has an STI, you will need to go for a check-up There are 340 million new cases of curable STIs (syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis) estimated worldwide every year 3 Many millions of incurable viral STIs, including an estimated 5 million HIV infections, occur annually 5 Remember – some STIs might not cause symptoms, but some can still damage your reproductive system, which could mean you cannot have children later in life, and in severe cases some can be life threatening References: 3. WHO. Global prevalence and incidence of selected curable sexually transmitted infections: overview and estimates. Geneva: World Health Organization, UNAIDS. AIDS epidemic update re/HIVData/EpiUpdate/EpiUpdArchive/20 07/

10 Q9. The contraceptive pill interferes with the female reproductive system, so she may not be able to have children later False The pill is completely reversible, and fertility quickly returns to normal when it is no longer taken There is a range of pills, and also other types of hormonal contraception, available The pill works by mimicking the action of hormones that occur naturally in the body Some pills contain a combination of oestrogen and progestin, which act by preventing an egg being released each month and also thicken the mucus of the entrance to the womb, making it difficult for sperm to get through Other pills contain progestin only, and work by thickening the mucus of the entrance to the womb and changing the lining of the womb. Some may also prevent ovulation.

11 Q10. Which are the most effective forms of contraception? Method 6 % of women getting pregnant within the first year of use Typical use 6 Perfect use 6 No method85 Withdrawal274 Fertility awareness-based methods25 --Standard Days method 5 --TwoDay method 4 --Ovulation method 3 Diaphragm166 Cervical cap 7 -- Women who have given birth Women who have not given birth169 Condom --Female215 --Male152 Combined pill and progestin-only pill80.3 Patch80.3 Vaginal ring80.3 Injection30.3 Intrauterine methods --Copper T LNG-IUS0.2 Implant0.05 Female sterilisation0.5 Male sterilisation References: 6.Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, Nelson A, Cates W, Guest F, Kowal D. Contraceptive Technology: Nineteenth Revised Edition. New York, NY: Ardent Media, Trussell J. Contraceptive efficacy. In: Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, Nelson A, Cates W, Guest F, Kowal D. Contraceptive Technology: Eighteenth Revised Edition. New York, NY: Ardent Media, 2004

12 MethodReliability No methodUnreliable WithdrawalUnreliable Fertility awareness-based methods --Standard Days methodLow --TwoDay methodLow --Ovulation methodLow DiaphragmLow Cervical capLow Condom --FemaleReasonable --MaleReasonable Combined pill and progestin-only pillVery high PatchVery high Vaginal ringVery high InjectionVery high Intrauterine methods --Copper TVery high --LNG-IUSVery high ImplantVery high Female sterilisationVery high Male sterilisationVery high

13 Q11. Where can you get contraception and how old do you have to be? Insert national details for: –Where to get various types of contraception from, e.g. healthcare professionals, family planning clinics, specialist clinics, pharmacies –If you have to pay for the contraception –Legal age of consent for having sex –Age at which you can obtain contraception with and without parental consent

14 Q12. How do you know if you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI)? Common signs of STIs are: 8 –Unusual discharge of liquid from the vagina or penis –Pain or burning during urination –Genital itching, rashes, lumps or blisters –Pain or bleeding during or after sex However, symptoms can vary from infection to infection and many STIs have no obvious symptoms (e.g. some chlamydia and gonorrhoea) Patients may also have more than one infection at any one time ONLY a test will confirm if you have a STI Reference: 8.


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