Presentation on theme: "… you don’t need to write down"— Presentation transcript:
1 … you don’t need to write down List the three branches of our government and their function.Name the two chambers of CongressWhat do think should be the qualifications/education to be a member of Congress?
7 The chart below details the demographic breakdown of each party in the Senate:
8 Congress Chart Congress consists of two houses: CONGRESS CHART (Answer Key)Congress consists of two houses: House of Representatives and Senate.Congress ChartCongress consists of two houses:House of Representatives and SenateHouse of RepresentativesSenateQualifications for Office (Age, Length of Citizenship, and Residence)1. At least 25 years old1. At least 30 years old2. Must be a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years2. Must be a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years3. must live in the district/State from which elected3. must live in the State from which elected
9 House of Representatives Term of Office/ Elections Congress ChartHouse of RepresentativesSenateTerm of Office/ ElectionsElected every two yearsElected every six years. One third of the Senate is up for elections every two years.State RepresentationRepresentation based on populationTwo senators per StateTotal Members435 members100 senators
10 Congressional Apportionment The 435 seats in the House are reapportioned among the States every ten years.
11 House of Representatives Appointments of the President Congress ChartHouse of RepresentativesSenateImpeachment ProcessPower to impeach or accuse high government officialsExclusive power to try those impeachRevenue BillAll bills that raise money must originate in the houseMay amend any revenue billTreatiesn/aApprove treatiesAppointments of the PresidentConfirm appointments of the President
12 House of Representatives Congress ChartHouse of RepresentativesSenateLeader(s)Speaker of the House (from majority party)1. Vice-President presides over the Senate (vote only to break a tie) 2. President pro-tempore to preside when the Vice-President is not hereSalary$174,000 per yearBenefitsSpecial tax deduction, travel allowance, full medical care, retirement plan, offices, staff and operation funds, gyms, free parking
13 Congress Organization Chart House of RepresentativesSenateVice-PresidentSpeaker of the HouseMajority LeaderMinority LeaderPresidentPro-TemporeMajority WhipMinority WhipMajority LeaderMinority LeaderCommittee ChairsMajority WhipMinority WhipCommittee Chairs
14 How is the Speaker of the House Selected? Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution states: "The House of Representatives shall chose their Speaker and other Officers." The Speaker is elected by roll call vote when each new House first convenes. Customarily, the conference of each major party nominates a candidate whose name is placed in nomination.
15 Presiding Officers Speaker of the House is Paul Ryan Presides over all sessionsKeeps order
16 House Leaders House Majority Leader – Kevin McCarthy (R) House Minority Leader – Nancy Pelosi (D)
17 How is the President Pro Tempore elected? A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the vice president. The president pro tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
18 In his absence, the President Pro Tempore, Orin Hatch, takes over President of the Senate, is Mike Pence (also the Vice President of the U.S.)recognizes membersputs questions to a votemay vote only to break a tieIn his absence, the President Pro Tempore, Orin Hatch, takes overelected by the Senatemember of the majority party
19 Leaders in the Senate Senate majority Leader – Mitch McConnell (R) Senate minority leader—Check Schumer
20 Tennessee’s Leaders in Washington List TN’s senators (2) List Members of House of Representatives (9)1.2.
21 ConclusionWhich house is more powerful and prestigious, the H.O.R. or the Senate? List at least 3 reasons.1.2.3.
22 Warm-UpWhich house is more powerful and prestigious, the H.O.R. or the Senate? List at least 3 reasons.1.2.3.
24 VideosSchool House of Rock: (3:20)Family Guy: (0:11)Saturday Night Live: (3:30)
25 How a Bill Becomes a LawThe main function of Congress is to make laws.Between 5,000 and 10,000 bills are introduced each year in Congress but only about 5% become laws.The same version of a bill has to be approved by both the House and the Senate before it can be signed by the President.
27 STEP 1 Introduced in the House or Senate for consideration Born Numbered-Bills often born in the Executive Branch or in Special Interests Groups or Private Citizens, or standing committees-Every bill is numbers ex. H.R is the 3,410 measure introduced in the house during the congressional term-Read three times-old parliamentary tradition, after first reading Speaker refers it to Committe
28 There are 20 standing committees in the House and 17 in the Senate today.
29 STEP 2Committee ActionReferred to a standing committee for study, hearings, revisions, and approvalPigeon hole (many bills ignored and left aside to “die”)Const mks no mention of CommitteesSmtms called “little legislatures’’Standing committees act as sieves (sifting through as many bills as possible and keeping the good ones)Fate of bills decided in Congress-Pigeonhold in committee-dieIf they keep the bill- goes to subcommitties-hold public hearings, see witnesses-junkets-trips to locations that affect the measure-made at public expense but on the spot investigations often prove to be the best way a committee can inform itself.-subcommittee has completed its full work goes to the full committee-determines how the bill will proceedCommittees kept bills go to subcommittees-Junkets, trips that will affect a bill, paid for by taxpayers
30 STEP 3 Floor Action Placed on calendar Debated Filibuster (only in Senate)*Passed or defeated- House-5 different calendars-must go through the rules committee-Union Calendar, house calendar, private calendar, corrections calendar, discharge calendar-Senate-one calendar-House- determing how long you can debate-one hour-Senate-no time limit –two speech rule (cant talk more than two times on same question-can demand a vote,if adopted , debate ends-Voting--if amendments are added each one has to be voted upon-vote on each motion like laying the bill aside for later date-4 ways to vote in the housevoice votes (ayes, nays)standing voteteller voting-almost never happens today bc of electronic voting-Senate does not useroll call vote
31 *Filibuster An attempt to talk the bill to death only in Senate Senator Strom Thurmond (24 hrs, 18 min)Rules (have to stand up)The Cloture Rule (at least 60 senators must approve)-stalling tatic that minority leaders use to seek or delay or prevent senate from acting on the measure-monopolize a billSenator Strom Thurmond set the record- held the floor for 24 hrs and 18 min in an unsucessuful, one person effort agaist the Civil Rts act of 1957-Rules that are strictly enforced- must stand, lean on their desk, walk about as they speak, use unparliamentarily language-The Cloture Rule- limiting debate-brought into play only on special procedureinvoking the rule is hard- allows for only 30 hrs from that pt that the senate can spend on that measure.
33 STEP 4 Conference Committee Once a bill passes both the House and Senate, it goes to a Conference CommitteeResolves differences between House & Senate versions of billWhen the House and Senate have 2 versions of the same bill and cant come to an agreement-temp joint committee to iron out differencesCant include any new material however in practice make chges that were not even considered in either house-once a compromise has come about sent bk to both houses to approve or not approve-rarely does either house turn down either houses work
34 STEP 5 Congressional Approval House & Senate vote on final passage Approved bill is sent to President
35 STEP 6 Presidential Action (4 options) signs bill within 10 days vetoes bill*allows bill to become law without signingPocket Veto*Sign bill-goes into lawVeto the bill-refuse to sign-return to where bill originated, together with pres veto msg , congress may pass bill w/o pres approval (2/3 vote)Not signing the bill but goes into effect after 10 daysPocket veto-congress adjourns w/in 10 days of submitting a bill to Pres and Pres does not sign the act does not go into effect
36 *Vetoed Bills Vetoed bills return to Congress Veto may be overridden by 2/3 vote of each house
37 *Pocket VetoIf Congress adjourns its session within 10 days of submitting a bill to the President, and the President does not act, the bill dies.