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Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: 301.802.9066

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: 301.802.9066"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Unit II: Lets discuss the Operating Systems! Rajeev Gupta (Mr. RAJ) 15 Years of IT & Training Experience in Hardware and Networking. Training is my Passion. I am really excited about brining this information to you. I will do my best to give you a perfect place to launch an IT career and I promise it will help you tremendously in knowing how the PC works. You will be building on the foundation no matter where you go. 1

2 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Operating systems Unit objectives: Identify operating system fundamentals Manage directories on a Windows Vista computer Manage files on a Windows Vista computer Control access to files and folders on a Windows Vista computer

3 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Topic A Topic A: Operating system fundamentals Topic B: Directory management Topic C: File management Topic D: File and folder permissions

4 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Operating systems Set of software instructions Control the computer Run programs Accept input Display output Examples: – Windows – Linux – Macintosh

5 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows Most installed client OS First GUI: Windows 3.1 Icons and menus to perform functions Uses a mouse

6 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Microsoft Vista Business Edition

7 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Macintosh (Mac) OS Apples client operating system Uses a GUI Current version: – Mac OS X (10.5) – Also known as Leopard Revised more often than Windows Applications are plentiful

8 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Mac OS X Leopard

9 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Linux Free client operating system Based on UNIX Latest kernel: How to obtain: – Download Linux for free – Buy a distribution version Uses a GUI Many system admin tasks done at command line

10 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Ubuntu Linux

11 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows client operating systems Windows NT Workstation Windows 95 Windows 98 Windows Me Windows 2000 Professional Three Windows XP versions – Windows XP Professional – Windows XP Home Edition – Windows XP Media Center Edition continued

12 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows client OSs, continued Six Windows Vista versions – Windows Vista Home Basic – Windows Vista Home Premium – Windows Vista Business – Windows Vista Ultimate – Windows Vista Starter – Windows Vista Enterprise Windows 7 released in Fall 2009

13 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Product lifecycle Mainstream support Extended support Self-help online support

14 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Identify available support Microsofts Help and Support Center

15 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Not available in Vista Home Basic Aero desktop GUI with Flip 3D Windows Mobility Center and Tablet PC support Scheduled and network-based backup Windows Meeting Space PC-to-PC Sync

16 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Not available in either Home version Multiprocessor support Complete PC Backup and Restore Networking Center Remote Desktop Domain Join Group Policy support Windows Fax and Scan Encrypting File System (EFS) Shadow Copy P2P Meeting Place Corporate Roaming Offline Files and Folders

17 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Available in Home Premium & Ultimate Windows Media Center and Media Center Extenders Windows DVD Maker Windows HD Movie Maker Windows premium games

18 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Available only in Windows Vista Ultimate BitLocker Drive Encryption

19 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Available in Ultimate and Enterprise Multi-Language User Interface (MUI) Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications (SUA) Single Session Virtual PC

20 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows XP Professional features Remote desktop Multiprocessor support Automated System Recovery Dynamic disk support Fax service IIS/Personal Web server Encrypting File System File-level access control C2 certification Domain membership Group policies IntelliMirror Remote Installation Services Roaming profiles Multilingual support 64-bit version IPSec user interface SNMP Simple TCP/IP services SAP agent Client services for NetWare Network monitor Client-side caching Administrative tools

21 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows 2000 features Dependability: – Device driver verification – Scalable memory and processor support – Side-by-side DLLs – Windows File Protection – Windows Installer Security: – Encrypting File System (EFS), single-user support – IPSec – Kerberos continued

22 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows 2000 features Management and deployment: – User State Migration Tool – Hardware standards support – System Preparation Tool – Remote OS Installation – Multilingual support – Group Policy support – Microsoft Management Console (MMC) – Recovery console – Safe Mode startup options – Internet Connection Sharing – Troubleshooters

23 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows 2000 mobile support Offline file and folder support Offline viewing Laptop power management features Hot docking Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI)

24 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com 32-bit versus 64-bit Refers to how the CPU processes information: – 32-bit processor processes 32 bits of data at one time – 64-bit processor processes twice that amount 64-bit system – Hardware drivers must be 64-bit compatible – Operating system must be written as 64-bit Microsofts 32-bit version referred to as x86

25 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com The Windows Vista desktop

26 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows XP Professional desktop

27 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows 2000 Professional desktop

28 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows Aero features New UI for: – Windows Home Premium – Windows Business – Windows Enterprise – Windows Ultimate Features: – Windows Sidebar – Translucent windows, taskbar, and Start menu – Taskbar thumbnails – Three-dimensional Windows Flip

29 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows Aero

30 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com 3D Windows Flip

31 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Aero system requirements 1 GHz 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor 1 GB system memory 128 MB graphics card DirectX 9-compatible graphics processor that supports: – A Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) driver – Pixel Shader 2.0 in hardware – 32 bits per pixel

32 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows Explorer in Vista

33 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows Explorer in XP

34 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com The Control Panel (Vista)

35 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Control Panel Search

36 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Computer Management console

37 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Network folder

38 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Command-line utility

39 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Command-line help General help: help Command-specific help: command /?

40 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Task Manager

41 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Microsoft Management Console

42 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Topic B Topic A: Operating system fundamentals Topic B: Directory management Topic C: File management Topic D: File and folder permissions

43 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Directory structure

44 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Windows default file structure User files System files Fonts Temporary files Program files Offline files and folders

45 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Navigating in the Windows GUI 1.Click Start and choose All Programs, Accessories, Windows Explorer 2.Vista: In Folders pane, click arrow next to drive or folder to expand it XP/2000: In navigation pane, click + next to drive or folder to expand it 3.Select drive or subfolder in the Folders or navigation pane to view its contents in the details pane

46 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Navigating using the command prompt Command line MS-DOS navigation commands – command or cmd – dir – chdir or cd

47 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Command (cmd) command drive:path device /e:nnnn /p /c string /msg

48 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Dir dir drive:path filename /p /w /a:attributes /o:sortorder /s /b /l

49 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com /a:attributes h Hidden files -h Non-hidden files s System files -s Non-system files d Directories -d Files only (not directories) a Files ready for archiving -a Files that have not changed since the last archive r Read-only files -r Non-read-only files

50 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com /o:sortorder n Alphabetical order by name -n Reverse alphabetical order by name e Alphabetical order by file extension -e Reverse alphabetical order by extension d Chronological by date and time, oldest to newest -d Chronological by date and time, newest to oldest s By size, smallest to largest -s By size, largest to smallest g Grouped directories, then files -g Grouped files, then directories

51 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Wildcard characters Use to display a subset of directories and files: – * – ? Examples: – dir *.txt – dir 200?.txt

52 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Chdir (cd) Displays the name of the current drive and directory Optional parameters: – chdir drive:path or cd drive:path – chdir.. or cd.. – chdir \ or cd \

53 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Creating directories in the Windows GUI 1.In the Folders or navigation pane, select the drive or folder where you want to create the new folder 2.Vista: Choose New, Folder XP/2000: Choose File, New, Folder 3.Type a name for the new folder 4.Press Enter – Max # of allowable characters in file path is 255

54 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Create directories using the command-line At the command prompt: mkdir drive:path md drive:path

55 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Spaces in commands In Windows 9x, command.com doesnt allow spaces In Windows NT Workstation and later, cmd.exe treats spaces as delimiters and treats each word after the command as a separate parameter To force the command interpreter to recognize the spaces, enclose in quotation marks any file or folder names that include spaces

56 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Copy directories using the Windows GUI 1.In Folders or navigation pane, select directory you want to copy – Use Ctrl key to select more than one 2.Vista: Right-click selection and choose Copy XP/2000: Right-click selection and choose Edit, Copy 3.In Folders or navigation pane, right-click destination location 4.Vista: Choose Paste XP/2000: Choose Edit, Paste

57 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Copy directories using command prompt Copy copies one or more files to another location Xcopy copies files (not including hidden and system files), directories, and subdirectories

58 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Copy copy source destination copy /a/b source /a/b + source /a/b + … destination /a/b /v

59 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Xcopy xcopy source destination xcopy source destination /a/m /d:date /p /s /e /v /w

60 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Remove directories using Windows GUI 1.Right-click folder you want to delete (in either pane of Windows Explorer) 2.Vista: Choose Delete XP/2000: Choose File, Delete 3.Click Yes to confirm

61 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Remove directories using command prompt Use: – rmdir/rd – deltree – Windows Explorer With rmdir/rd, delete any files and subdirectories in that directory rmdir drive:path rd drive:path Cant delete the current directory continued

62 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Removing directories, continued deltree is an external command Deletes a directory and all of its subdirectories and files, including hidden and system files deltree drive:path deltree /y drive:path drive:path

63 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Topic C Topic A: Operating system fundamentals Topic B: Directory management Topic C: File management Topic D: File and folder permissions

64 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Binary and text files Two types of computer files: – Binary – Text Binary files – Read by computer, but not by humans – Program files Text files – Typically in ASCII format – Read by humans using a text editor – Data files

65 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange Pronounced ask-ee Code represents English characters as numbers Each letter assigned a number from 0 to 127

66 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com File-name extensions Three-letter extension Indicates the file type Used by OS to open appropriate application Windows hides extensions

67 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Common file extensions.bat.bin.bmp.gif.jpeg.jpg.png.tif.com.exe.hlp.chm.htm.html.inf.ini.msi.rtf.sys.txt.vbs

68 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com File names and extensions MS-DOS file names – Eight-character limit – 8.3 Eight characters for the name Three characters for the extension Separated by a period Windows file names – 255-character limit FAT16: Extensions of 0-3 characters FAT32 and NTFS: Extensions of characters (total name cant exceed 255)

69 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Creating text files MS-DOS edit command Windows GUI text-editing application

70 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Creating a text file with edit 1.At DOS prompt, type edit and press Enter 2.Enter the desired text 3.Choose File, Save As (press Alt, F, A) 4.Press Alt+D; then use arrow keys and Enter to navigate to desired directory 5.Press Alt+N 6.Type a file name and extension 7.Press Tab to highlight the OK button; then press Enter 8.Press Alt, F, X to exit the edit program

71 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Creating a text file in Notepad 1.Click Start and choose All Programs, Accessories, Notepad 2.Enter the desired text 3.Choose File, Save As 4.Select the desired directory 5.Type a name for the file 6.Verify that Text Documents (*.txt) is selected in the Save as type box 7.Click Save 8.Choose File, Exit

72 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Editing text files MS-DOS edit command Windows GUI text editing application

73 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Editing a text file with edit 1.Type edit drive:\path\filename and press Enter 2.Modify the text 3.Choose File, Save or press Alt, F, S 4.Press Alt, F, X to exit

74 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Editing a text file in Notepad 1.Click Start and choose All Programs, Accessories, Notepad 2.Choose File, Open 3.Navigate to the folder containing the text file 4.Select the desired file 5.Click Open 6.Modify the text 7.Save the file and exit the program

75 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Batch files Contain multiple commands The OS runs commands in the file Used for repetitive tasks Created in any text editor You can enable or disable the display of commands while batch file is running – Echo on|off

76 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com File attributes Indicate to OS how files should be used Types: – Read-only – Hidden – System – Archive

77 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Attrib.exe Removes or assigns attributes System or hidden attribute must be removed before another attribute is assigned Recognizes wildcards – ? – * Syntax with optional parameters and switches attrib +r|-r +a|-a +s|-s +h|-h drive:path\filename /s

78 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Topic D Topic A: Operating system fundamentals Topic B: Directory management Topic C: File management Topic D: File and folder permissions

79 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Sharing files with local users Each user has a personal folder Private Access granted to user and administrator Contains other folders; vary based on OS

80 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Public folder sharing in Vista Easiest way to share files and folders with other users Other users can: – Open – Edit – Delete

81 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Shared Documents Used by Windows XP and Windows 2000 Same function as Vistas Public folders Fewer subfolders

82 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Permissions Two types: – Share – Local NTFS Share permissions: – Vista: Reader Contributor Co-owner – XP/2000: Read Change Full Control

83 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com NTFS File security provided by NTFS Windows client OSs supporting NTFS: – Windows NT Workstation – Windows 2000 Professional – All Windows XP editions – All Windows Vista editions More specific and varied than share permissions Uses Classic File Sharing and Security interface

84 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com NTFS file permissions Full Control Modify Read & Execute Read Write

85 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com NTFS folder permissions Full Control Modify Read & Execute List Folder Contents Read Write

86 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Guidelines for NTFS permissions Each user can have multiple NTFS file and folder permissions assigned, plus permissions assigned to his/her groups NTFS permissions are cumulative NTFS permissions are inherited

87 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Assigning NTFS permissions Simple File Sharing: – Windows XP Home – Windows XP Media Center Edition – Windows XP Professional non-domain members Windows Vista doesnt use Simple File Sharing Can disable Simple File Sharing in Windows XP Professional Effective permissions = sum of share and NTFS permissions

88 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Effective permissions Sum of share and NTFS permissions More restrictive permission wins

89 Mr. RAJs Computer Repair I & II: A+ ESSENTIALS (701) & Computer Repair III & IV Practical Applications (702) Contact: Online Exams: Wiki & Notes: Designed and prepared for Mr. Raj Students Only at Career Technical Institute [Confidential] Note: Do not copy or distribute without Mr. Rajs Authorization!www.Classmarker.com Unit summary Identified operating system fundamentals Managed directories on a Microsoft Windows Vista computer Managed files on a Microsoft Windows Vista computer Controlled access to files and folders on a Windows Vista computer


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