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1 TSA, Moving Forward with Risk-Based Security. 2 Inception of TSA TSA was created in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to strengthen.

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Presentation on theme: "1 TSA, Moving Forward with Risk-Based Security. 2 Inception of TSA TSA was created in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to strengthen."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 TSA, Moving Forward with Risk-Based Security

2 2 Inception of TSA TSA was created in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to strengthen the security of the nation's transportation systems. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act established our agency and gave it three major mandates: Responsibility for security for all modes of transportation; Recruit, assess, hire, train, and deploy Security Officers for 450 commercial airports from Guam to Alaska in 12 months Provide 100 percent screening of all checked luggage for explosives by December 31, 2002

3 3 Layered Approach to Security TSA uses layers of security as part of a risk-based approach to protecting passengers and our nations transportation systems. Each layer alone is capable of stopping a terrorist attack, but in combination, defenses compound to create a much stronger system. Although checkpoint operations are the most visible layer, they represent just one part of TSAs security system.

4 4 Checkpoint Operations Approximately 50,000 Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) serve on TSA's frontline at more than 450 airports nationwide. Our highly trained and professional workforce are an integral part of TSAs layered approach to security, which includes measures both seen and unseen. TSOs use their training, experience and checkpoint technologies to effectively and efficiently screen more than 1.7 million passengers a day.

5 5 Risk Based Security Initiatives

6 6 Context of a Layered Approach to Aviation Security If TSA can confirm a persons identity and learn more about them from information they opt to provide, in combination with other layers of security, physical screening can be expedited for many people.

7 7 Passenger Prescreening Secure Flight is a behind the scenes program that enhances the security of domestic and international commercial air travel through the use of improved watch list matching.

8 8 Risk-Based Passenger Security Overview TSA is undertaking efforts to focus its resources and improve the passenger experience at airport security checkpoints by applying new intelligence-driven, risk-based screening procedures and enhancing its use of technology. 1.The majority of airline passengers are low risk. 2.The more information available on each passenger, the easier it is to assess risk. 3.Behavior detection and interviewing techniques should be strengthened in the screening process. 4.TSA must accelerate its efforts to optimize screening processes and use of technology to gain system-wide efficiencies. 5.Increase security by focusing on unknowns; expedite known/trusted travelers. Guiding Principles of Risk-Based Security

9 9 Risk-Based Security Initiatives InitiativeDescriptionStatus as of May 2012 Honor Flight Network Policy decision to exempt Veterans on chartered Honor Flights from physical screening. Nationwide implementation completed in 2011 Under 12 Modified procedures enabling passengers 12 years of age and younger to keep shoes on. Procedures provide officers additional options to resolve alarms for children. Nationwide implementation completed in 2011 Known Crew Member Enables officers to positively verify the identity and employment status of airline pilots and forgo physical screening at designated access points. Proof of Concept data collection is complete. Seven sites will continue operation as TSA evaluates the feasibility and resource impacts of expanding to additional locations. 28 participating airlines 7 airports, 25 access points Approximately 2,500 pilots screened per day Over 75 Modified procedures enabling passengers 75 and older to keep shoes, and light outer garments on during the screening process. Procedures provide officers additional options to resolve alarms in an effort to reduce, though not eliminate, pat downs for passengers 75 and over. 4 pilot airportsDEN, MCO, ORD, and PDX

10 10 Risk-Based Security Initiatives, Continued InitiativeDescriptionStatus as of May 2012 BDO / Assessor Specialized training and deployment of Behavior Detection Officers (BDOs) to enhance real-time threat assessment capabilities. Assessors and BDOs interact with passengers to further assess risk. Pilot operations are ongoing at Boston Logan Airport and Detroit Metro Airport. Additional implementation scenarios are under evaluation for airportsBOS and DTW 2 checkpoints TSA Pre Passengers become eligible for expedited screening at TSA Pre lanes through membership in U.S. Customs and Border Protection Trusted Traveler program s (i.e, Global Entry) or through partner airlines by meeting eligibility and opt-in criteria. If TSA determines a passenger is qualified, information is embedded in the passengers boarding pass. By the end of calendar year 2012, TSA Pre will expand to more of the nations busiest airports and expand to additional airlines. Over 1.1 million TSA Pre passengers screened to date 3 airline partners, additional to follow 15 airports, additional to follow Delta–ATL, DCA, DTW, LAS, LAX, LGA, MCO, MSP, and SLC American – DFW, JFK, LAS, LAX, MIA, MSP, ORD, PDX, SEA, and SLC Alaska – PDX and SEA DOD Service members in the U.S. Armed Forces with active CAC cards are eligible to receive expedited screening through the TSA Pre lane at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. 2 pilot airportsDCA and SEA 2 checkpoints

11 11 TSA Pre Expedited Passenger Screening Concept By placing more focus on pre-screening, TSA is able to expedite physical screening for known passengers while increasing system-wide effectiveness.

12 12 TSA Pre Expedited Passenger Screening Can Include No Longer Removing: –Shoes –3-1-1 compliant bag from carry-on –Laptop from bag –Light outerwear/jacket –Belt Random and Unpredictable Measures No Passenger Guaranteed Expedited Screening

13 13 Key Enablers This transformational effort is dependent on several key enablers. Intelligence Driven Professional Workforce Advanced Technologies Behavior Detection Secure Flight Industry and Government Partnerships Informed Passengers View the latest map on

14 14 TSAPre Expanding Passenger Participation Sign up through participating airlines or Customs and Border Protection Trusted Traveler programs.

15 15 Risk-Based Security: Longer-Term, Strategic Objectives TSA will explore new procedures, new technologies and new ways to help us learn more about the individuals who fly, analyze these changes, and tailor security accordingly while balancing five overarching objectives. The key is to find common solutions to common challenges in partnership with airports in an open, frank dialogue. – Administrator John Pistole

16 16 Certified Cargo Screening Facility (CCSF)

17 17 Certified Cargo Screening Facility Background On August 3, 2007 President Bush approved legislation Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of The legislation mandates 100% screening by August 2010 and requires TSA to: Establish a system to screen 100% of cargo transported on passenger aircraft. Provide a level of security commensurate to that of passenger baggage. CCSP was developed to: Allow screening of cargo early in the air cargo supply chain by a trusted, vetted, audited, federally regulated facility. Maintain the integrity of a shipment throughout the supply chain by utilizing stringent chain of custody methods.

18 18 Screening Technology Tools TSA Approved Screening Methods Physical search AT X-ray* Explosives Trace Detection (ETD)* Explosives Detection System (EDS)* Electronic Metal Detectors (EMD)* TSA certified canines Any other detection equipment accepted in the future by TSA * All technologies must be on the current TSA Screening Technology List which will be made available to screening participants.

19 19 CCSF Participation Requirements Who can become a Certified Cargo Screening Facility? Shipping Facilities Manufacturing Facilities Third Party Logistics Providers Warehouses/ Distribution Centers Contract Manufacturers Freight Forwarding Facilities Independent Cargo Screening Facilities Companies within the United States or U.S. territories in the following business lines:

20 20 CCSF Participation Requirements Continued Participation in CCSSP is voluntary, but accepted must: Adhere to increased TSA-directed security standards. Obtain Security Threat Assessments (background check) for employees, company owners, officers and partners. Permit onsite validations. Initiate chain of custody. Be subject to TSA inspections at any time, day or night.

21 21 Steps to join the CCSF program 1.Contact for a CCSF application. 2.Submit application and Sensitive Security Information Handling Requirements certification. 3.Undergo CCSP assessment: 4. Shippers Sign Order and IACs comply with Alternate Procedure. 5. TSA reviews facility assessment and makes final certification decision. 6. Receive Facility Certification from TSA HQ. Questions regarding San Diego and Imperial area companies participating in CCSF program should submit request to:


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