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Inter American University of Puerto Rico Guayama Campus Cooperative Title V Project Reading Strategies I Prof. Daisy Irizarry Vázquez © April 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Inter American University of Puerto Rico Guayama Campus Cooperative Title V Project Reading Strategies I Prof. Daisy Irizarry Vázquez © April 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Inter American University of Puerto Rico Guayama Campus Cooperative Title V Project Reading Strategies I Prof. Daisy Irizarry Vázquez © April 2007

2 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Buttons You will use some buttons to navigate through this module. The buttons and their meanings follow: use it to go back to the first slide use it to move to the next slide use it to return to the previous slide

3 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Purpose This module aims at helping you improve your comprehension, therefore, your enjoyment of simple texts studied in your GEEN 1102, English as a Second Language II or any basic reading course.

4 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project In addition, the basic reading strategies presented in this module intend to become tools that will enable you to get enlightment and satisfaction from readings you do outside class, too. Purpose

5 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Introduction Reading opens windows to unknown yet wonderful worlds! However, if you really want to comprehend and enjoy what you read, you must familiarize with some very helpful tools called reading strategies. Reading strategies can be described as any interactive process of getting meaning from connected text. In other words, they are specific actions readers take to make meaning from text. Reading strategies will help you become a better reader. They will also make you aware of effective strategies you are already using. You will experience a sense of achievement as you work this module, learn, and practice the strategies presented because they form the basis for reading development.

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7 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project General Objective After studying this module, you will apply reading strategies to demonstrate significant improvement of reading comprehension skills.

8 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Specific Objective By the end of this module, you will use the following reading strategies: scanning; identifying main ideas; guessing unknown vocabulary from context; predicting; and previewing to achieve reading comprehension in improved ways.

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10 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 1. When you look up a name in a phone book, you _____ the pages : A. read B. scan C. write 2. The main idea of a reading text is: A. the central idea the author wants to communicate. B. the authors opinion about the reading text. C. the readers expectation about the reading text. Part I. Select the letter of the correct answer.

11 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 3. The soup was pretty hot. The boy could not eat it. The underlined word means: A. unattractive B. very C. attractive 4. If the sky is very cloudy and the wind is blowing, one can __________ that there is going to be a rainy period soon. A. predict B. confirm C. deny

12 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 5. When you look at the title of a story and ask yourself questions about it; look at the pictures along the reading and make predictions; or recall what you know about the topic, you are _______the reading. a. searching b. previewing c. enjoying

13 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Fran Klaus is the owner of a coffeehouse in Beckley, West Virginia. The name of her coffeehouse is Serendipity. Until this fall, Serendipity was a comfortable place for people to drink coffee and chat with friends. Part II. Read the short selection and then answer the questions that follow. Computers and coffee attract customers* That all changed when Klaus met Cameron Taylor. Taylor is a computer expert. He wanted to bring new technology to West Virginia. Klaus and Taylor decided to turn Serendipity into a cybercafe. Continues

14 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project "It was like a bolt of lightning hit us both at the same time," Klaus said. "When we met, we realized what a good team we would be. With the popularity of computers, , and the Internet, the newly opened cybercafe at Serendipity is very busy. It was just what Beckley, West Virginia needed. Serendipity is the first cybercafe in West Virginia, but cybercafes are not unusual in other parts of the country. Continues

15 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project In fact, the first one in the United States opened in In the early 1990s, there were fewer than 100. Today, cybercafes are popular in many places. There are now over 1,000 cybercafes in cities around the world. Serendipity's cybercafe has four new state-of-the-art computers. Customers can use the computers to do many things. For example, they can write business reports, do homework, or play games. They can also use the computers to access the Internet, send or receive messages, and find entertainment information. They can do all of these things in the comfort of a coffeehouse atmosphere. Continues

16 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project "We are a favorite place for young professionals and students," Klaus said. "You see lots of people here with laptop computers. Computers and coffee cups, business and coffee beans. They just seem to go together." The cybercafe is also perfect for travelers. "Travelers can check their e- mail, send business documents, communicate with their office, and have a cup of coffee at the same time." Adding a cybercafe is not the only change for the comfortable coffeehouse. In the future, Klaus and Taylor want to install video- conferencing equipment. With video­conferencing, customers can have face-to- face business meetings with people across the globe. Continues

17 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Serendipity's future plans also include poetry readings on Thursday nights and musical events on Saturday nights. Lots of people seem to enjoy going to Serendipity's cybercafe. As Klaus said, "Where else can you surf the Net and enjoy a cup of cappuccino with friends? * Adapted from an article by Andrew Noyes Beckley Register-Herald Source Blanchard, K. & Root C. (1998). News for Now. International Thomson: Asia ELT.

18 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 1. (Strategy: Scanning) Taylor is A. a computer expert B. Klauss cousin. C. Camerons brother 2. (Strategy: Context/vocabulary) A cybercafe is a place A. that sells computers and fresh coffee B. sells coffee and lends computers C. where customers can use computers and drink coffee Select the correct answer.

19 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 3. (Strategy: Main idea) The cyber café Serendipity fulfills the needs of A. Fran Klaus and his family back home. B. Cameron Taylor and his neighbors. C. young and professional customers in West Virginia. 4. According to the reading, with the help of computers, a local coffeehouse A. gets into a lot of troubles. B. becomes more popular. C. increases its expenses.

20 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 5. (Strategy: Predicting) It is very probable that Klaus and Taylor A. expand the services and activities B. sell the cybercafe C. open a coffee shop

21 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Pre-Test Answer Key Part I 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. B Part II 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. A

22 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 10 or 9ExcellentGo to the Post Test. 8 or 7Very GoodReview the incorrect answers and go to the Post Test. 6You need some practice Review the incorrect answers; study the strategies presented in this module; do the assessment exercises and then go to the Post Test. 5 or lessYou need to work the complete module Study the module; review the strategies carefully and do the assessment exercises. Then, you can go to the Post Test. Pre-Test Assessment I wish you were successful!

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24 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Now you will read information about the reading strategies in this module. Remember that these strategies are great tools that will help you become a more efficient reader.

25 # 1Previewing The prefix –pre means before. The root view means to look. The word preview means "to look before."

26 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project When you preview an article or a story, you look over the whole reading before you start to read. Previewing

27 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Previewing Example When you preview a newspaper article, you read the headline, look at the photos, and read the captions (Information written under a photograph).

28 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Previewing To preview an article or a story, look over the whole reading before you start to read… look at the title and ask yourself questions about it. Then, predict answers to your questions. look at the pictures and predict what the article or story is about. recall what you already know about the topic.

29 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Set a purpose for reading. Decide what you hope to find out as you read. Read the first paragraph and the last paragraph and try to figure out the main idea of the reading. To preview an article or story, look over the whole reading before you start to read… Previewing

30 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 2Scanning Scanning means "to look quickly for specific information." Here is how you scan: 1.Let your eyes move quickly down the page. Don't read every word. 2.Slow down when you see words or phrases that might be important to you. Check ( ) or underline them, if you think they are important.

31 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Scanning Scanning saves time if you are collecting specific information and ideas. You will mainly use the scanning strategy during your reading.

32 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 3Identifying Main Ideas Main ideas are the central or most important ideas that a writer wants to communicate. A story or essay may have many related ideas, but one or two ideas are usually the most important.

33 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Identifying Main Ideas Sometimes the main idea is stated directly in a paragraph. The sentence that states the main idea is called the topic sentence.

34 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Identifying Main Ideas Example: Success didn't transform J. K.'s way of life greatly. Before he became the Oscar winner star in Hollywood, he lived simply with his wife and two sons. Years later, when he earned more than $25 million per movie, he still owned his favorite three pairs of shoes. He still lived in a farm at the countryside which most people thought was too simple for such a successful movie actor.

35 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Strategies to Help You Infer the Main Idea Study the details and examples given in a paragraph in a reading. Decide which sentence is the topic sentence that expresses the main idea. Look for ways these ideas are related. Ask yourself what these ideas have in common.

36 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Example: In 1944, only three years after arriving in the United States, J.K participated in his first Hollywood movie. After he got his first role, he stayed in that city and participated in twenty-nine other films. It was at this time that he invented the famous spy character. The character was a minor participant in a few of his movies until he jumped to stardom or fame as Agent 0077 in the early 1960s. Strategies to Help You Infer the Main Idea

37 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Assessment Question on Main Idea The main idea of the previous paragraph is: a. In his first years in the United States, J.K accomplished several important things. b. J.K invented a spy character as he participated in movies in Hollywood. c. Shortly after arriving in the United States, J.K. was a famous actor.

38 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Answer to the Assessment Question on Main Idea In the paragraph, each detail and example give information about something J.K. accomplished after he arrived in the United States. The examples show that he did a lot in a short period of time. From this, the reader might infer that the main idea is letter A. Main idea: In his first years in the United States, J.K accomplished several important things.

39 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 4 Using Context Clues to Guess Unknown Vocabulary Words Sometimes you can figure out the meaning of a difficult word by looking at the contextthe other words in the sentence or surrounding sentences. This means that you have to look for context clues.

40 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project What are Context Clues? Oftentimes you can figure out the meanings of new or unfamiliar vocabulary by paying attention to the surrounding language. The slides that follow present the types of clues; signals to the clue; and examples for each. Context clues are words and phrases in a sentence which help you reason out the meaning of an unfamiliar word.

41 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 1.A definition: Before these discoveries, famines severe shortages of foodcaused many people to die from starvation. Examples of Context Clues (to look for in a reading selection)

42 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 2.A description: Her two sons were peddlers. The oldest sold umbrellas and the youngest sold straw shoes.

43 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 3.A comparison or contrast: He loved the first story, but he despised the second one.

44 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 4.A series: My grandfather was very shy, never laughed loudly, and always spoke softly. He often noticed the boy mopping the floors, cheerfully and in good humor.

45 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 5.Cause and effect: This house makes me miserable because it is dark and gloomy. They have trouble getting along because they have dif­ferent opinions about everything.

46 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 6.Setting (time or place): After a late dinner, he put the toys in his bag and set out for his sisters house. It was a full moon and he could see the path clearly.

47 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 7.Example: At first, he made insulting remarks, such as "Hey! Wet Chicken! This is no place for a weakling! John is warm and gregarious. He likes to hear a good jokeand loves to tell a good story.

48 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 8.Synonym: According to his lawyer, Abraham Lincoln was the most reticentsecretiveman that ever lived. Synonyms

49 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Context Clues Summary The tables that follow summarize the types of clues; present signals for the clue; and provide additional examples of each. Type of Context Clue DefinitionSignalsExamples Antonym or Contrast Clue Phrases or words that indicate opposite but, in contrast, however, instead of, unlike, yet Unlike his quiet and low-key family, Brad is garrulous.

50 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Type of Context Clue DefinitionSignalsExamples Definition or Example Clue Phrases or words that define or explain is defined as, means, the term, [a term in boldface or italics] set off with commas Sedentary individuals, people who are not very active, often have diminished health.

51 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Type of Context Clue DefinitionSignalsExamples General Knowledge The meaning is derived from the experience and background knowledge of the reader; "common sense" and logic. the information may be something basically familiar to you Lourdes is always sucking up to the boss, even in front of others. That sycophant just doesn't care what others think of her behavior.

52 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Type of Context Clue DefinitionSignalsExamples Restatement or Synonym Clue Another word or phrase with the same or a similar meaning is used. in other words, that is, also known as, sometimes called, or The dromedary, commonly called a camel, stores fat in its hump.

53 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Assessment for Context Clues Select the word that completes the sentence. 1.The Cabrera farm is close to the United States- Mexican border. A ____is at the border. It separates the United States from Mexico. a. restaurant b. museum c. fence

54 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 2. But there are _____in the fence, and a small boy can crawl through them. a. flowers b. holes c. rocks

55 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 3. Tomas _____on a Friday afternoon. A U.S. Border Patrol Officer found Tomas on Saturday night. a. disappeared b. worked c. changed

56 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Answers to assessment questions 1. C 2. B 3. A Congratulations! I am sure you got them correct.

57 Now, lets return to the reading strategies!

58 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project # 5Predicting Predicting is using knowledge of the subject matter to make predictions about content and vocabulary and check comprehension.

59 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting Predicting is also using knowledge about the author to make predictions about writing style, vocabulary, and content.

60 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting What is the weather going to be like tomorrow? What is the next paragraph in this reading going to be about? What is going to happen to the main character in this story? When you answer these questions, you are making predictions.

61 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting When you make a prediction, you use what you already know about a topic, person, or event. Using what you already know helps you to make a logical prediction.

62 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting Example The title of the article I am going to read is From Russia to America in From the title, I predict that the article is about someone who came to America from Russia. Based on what I already know about Russia and America in 1980, I predict that the article might be about the problems this person had leaving Russia and coming to America.

63 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Predicting Making predictions helps you to focus on the material you are reading. You make a prediction, and then you read to check if your prediction was correct.

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65 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Instructions for the Post Test 1. Observe the picture at the beginning of the selection. 2. Scan the selection to get an idea about it. 3. Read the entire selection. 4. Answer the multiple choice questions about the reading. Success!

66 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Observe this picture.

67 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Part I. Answer these questions about the picture. Why dont these people have any hair? Why are they touching or pointing at the man in the center of the group? Why do you think the story is titled: Fifty Good Friends?

68 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Read the story. Manuel García had stomach cancer. The doctors told him, "You need chemotherapy to stop the cancer." Manuel went to the hospital for chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is strong medicine. After a few weeks of chemotherapy, Manuel's hair began to fall out. Soon he had no hair. Manuel was depressed. He looked strange without hair. He didn't want people to see him. Manuel's brother and three other relatives visited Manuel in the hospital. Manuel was surprised when he saw them. They had no hair! "You shaved your heads!" Manuel said. Manuel began to laugh. Fifty Good Friends

69 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project The other men laughed, too. "Please be quiet," the nurse said. But the nurse was smiling. Manuel came home from the hospital. Friends and relatives came to visit him. "We want to shave our heads," they said. "We want to look like you." Manuel shaved their heads. He also shaved his sons' heads. In one day he shaved 50 heads. Manuel's wife wanted to shave her head, too. "No!" said Manuel. At the hospital Manuel was depressed because he had no hair. Now he is not depressed. "I'm ready for anything," he says.

70 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Part II. Select the correct answer. 4.Manuels brother and three other relatives visited him in the hospital. a. family members b. friends from school c. school teachers 5.They have no hair because Manuel shaved their heads. Now, they all look alike. a. different b. bald c. similar

71 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 6.In one day, Manuel shaved______ heads. a. 500 b. 50 c. 5 7.Manuels hair began to fall after a _________. a. penicillin treatment b. chemotherapy treatment c. strict diet

72 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 8.Manuel García was depressed because he _______. a. had cancer b. had chemotherapy c. lost his hair 9.Manuels friends showed their _______ when they shaved their heads. a. solidarity b. surprise c. happiness

73 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project 10.Manuel said, Now I am ready for anything. His words meant that he had the strength to______. a. make more friends b. go on with his treatment c. become a famous singer.

74 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Strategy and Item Identification StrategyPost-Test Items Previewing / Predicting Items 1-3 Using context clues to guess unknown vocabulary words Items 4 and 5 ScanningItems 6 and 7 Main IdeaItems s 8-10 Be wise, read twice!

75 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Post-Test Answer Key: Part I Answer Key * 1. They shaved their heads or they lost their hair because of an illness. 2. He is a special person for them: a relative or a friend. 3. They are a group of people who love and respect each other. * The answers to these questions about the picture may vary a little from answers given above.

76 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Post-Test Answer Key: Part II 4.A 5. C 6.B 7.B 8. C 9. A 10.B

77 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Post-Test Assessment 10 or 9ExcellentYou master the reading strategies in this module. 8 or 7Very Good Review the reading strategies and work the Post Test again. 6You need practice Study the strategies presented in this module; do the assessment exercises and then go to the Post Test. 5 or lessYou need to study the module again Study the complete module again. If you still have questions about the content of the module talk to your professor or to the English Lab technicians.

78 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Feedback Congratulations! You have finished the module! I am sure that you are ready to start controlling your reading experience, and gaining confidence in your ability to read English as a second language. However, i f you still have questions about the strategies, I suggest you review the module again. Keep in mind that you can count on your professor to assist you.

79 Reading Strategies I Module Title V Cooperative Project Feedback Remember, reading is like a conversation between an author and you. The author makes decisions about how to effectively communicate through a piece of writing. You use specific strategies to help yourself understand what the author is trying to communicate.

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