Presentation on theme: "Assistive Technology & the SETT Process"— Presentation transcript:
1 Assistive Technology & the SETT Process Elena Tobin, MSEducational Technology CoordinatorThe Vanguard School
2 Agenda Introductions What Can You Do With It? SETT 101 Case Studies What’s in the IEP?I know some of you have experienced some components of this process. I am considering you my “Core Team” (explain), and making sure you are all on the same page with regards to:What SETT process isFormsRoles & ResponsibilitiesIt is important to get all the information – You will be aware of how the process works on a broad standpoint, my job is to tweak it so the process suits the needs of the Vanguard School.
3 What Kind of “Tech-Person” are You? What are ways you use technology?Everyday:VoicATMVirtual “card catalog”Ordering a hoagie at WaWaOnline ShoppingSelf-Scanner at the supermarketTeaching:Word Processors for the writing processInternet ResearchKeyboardingOrganizing files and folders on classroom computerInterwrite Boards & TV/Computer projectionWhat’s the point? We use it everyday, to help us accomplish daily tasks. Our kids deserve the same.Are you a “digital native” or a “digital immigrant”?
4 Before We SETTle Down Definition of AT: Devices: “…any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to maintain or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities.IDEA part B 34 C.F.R. Part 300
5 Before We SETTle Down Services: Any service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device.This term includes:EvaluationPurchasingSelecting, designing, fitting, customizing, repairingCoordinating other therapiesTraining for families and other professionalsThe SETT is an important component of the “services”. The SETT meeting is where most of this plan is developed.“evaluation” – notice I did not say “assessment”
6 Types of Assistive Technology Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC)Environmental ControlWriting Devices/Computer AccessAccess TechnologyDevices for Visually ImpairedDevices for Hearing ImpairedMost of our students have writing and organization AT.Computer Access – switch, big keys keyboard, trackball, head mouse.Writing Devices/Computer Access – mention that we will be revisiting these two and focusing on them during a separate workshop.
7 Examples of Low Tech Options Emphasize low tech can be any of these types of items and things throughout your classroom or home. AT is all around us!
8 “Mid Tech” Portable Word Processors “High Tech” Dynamic Display Vocal Output DevicesCase-by-case basis, we want to develop a plan that will ensure that this student will achieve FAPE and have opportunity to access the curriculum (as their “conventional learner” counterparts) – does the student need a communication device for his/her “voice”, does the struggling writer need a keystroke saver program or a word processor that will repeat what is typed for auditory feedback, does the student use a special chair, and need alternate ways to access the curriculum using the computer (ie headmouse, trackball, on-screen keyboard)A novel adaptation…
9 What Can You Do With It? To get us in the mood… With Your Group:Examine the objects on your tableDecide how it can be used to support a studentBe prepared to report out
10 STOP & Think!How did the “Doohickey” activity impact your thinking about accommodatingyour students?
11 How it Comes Together…Assistive Technology: a system of tools that match a person’s needs, abilities, tasksSETT: a tool to help teams accomplish that match
12 Meet Joe BarnickJoe Barnick was born with spinal muscular atrophy and cannot use a keyboard or mouse, yet thanks to assistive technology he can use his computer to do all those things he cannot do in real life. He explains how he uses his computer to design and edit the AssistiveWare Newsletter with Adobe InDesign, write college papers in Word, chat with family and friends with iChat, and buys exotic ingredients and Japanese anime figures on the internet.Everything I Can’t Do in the Real World, I Can Do With My Mac
13 Ready, SETT, Go! What is SETT? The SETT Framework Student Environment TaskToolsJoy Zabala, 1995Joy Zabala infoIs a structured process to assist IEP teams with AT options.The StudentWhat does the Student need to do?What are the Student's special needs?What are the Student's current abilities?The EnvironmentWhat materials and equipment are currently available in the environment?What is the physical arrangement?Are there special concerns?What is the instructional arrangement?Are there likely to be changes?What supports are available to the student?What resources are available to the people supporting the student?The TasksWhat activities take place in the environment?What activities support the student's curriculum?What are the critical elements of the activities?How might the activities be modified to accommodate the student's special needs?How might technology support the student's active participation in those activities?The ToolsWhat no tech, low tech, and high tech options should be considered when developing a system for a student with these needs and abilities doing these tasks in these environments?What strategies might be used to invite increased student performance?How might these tools be tried out with the student in the customary environments in which they will be used?
14 To “SETT” or not to “SETT”… At what point can AT be a consideration…The student cannot communicate or write effectivelyWhen the classroom interventions seem to not give appropriate curriculum access. (beyond the SDI)The student needs the AT support in order to receive FAPEOnce a SETT, always a SETTNeed to keep up, check in, especially as curriculum changes.If there are adaptations/modifications being done in the classroom and the student is successful, a SETT is probably not necessary.Franklin spellersBookmark timersStress ballsUse of a mouse with a laptop instead of the track padAnything else?14
15 What Are NOT Factors of a SETT: With regards to assistive technology: One individual’s great idea“Bells and whistles”A way to keep parents off your backPrompted by 20/20, 60 Minutes or “What I read in the paper last night”Staff opinion or inconvenienceCostLast bullet, add “upgrades” Case in TX, 1997, parents desired a laptop for their son, however he was using an AlphaSmart successfully. The parents failed to show why their son would need a heavier, more fragile device, when the more durable and lightweight AlphaSmart was serving his needs appropriatelyCost – If the device/tools has the features that are appropriate, cost cannot be a factor. If the student needs the AT to ensure FAPE, it’s money well spent!Staff Inconvenience – Staff may have to create new modifications for this student in order to ensure success, taking more planning timeStaff opinion – Staff cannot arbitrarily decide that a strategy will not work. Let the trial run its course, the team input drives the recommendation, “seeing is believing”, the student may surprise you!15
16 Ready, SETT, Go! The Student: The SETT Framework “Meeting Speak”: What is SETT?The Student:The person who is the central focus of the educational process and for whom everyone involved in any part of the educational program is an advocate.“Meeting Speak”:What does the student need to do?What are the Student’s special needs?What are the Student’s current abilities?Joy ZabalaJoy Zabala infoIs a structured process to assist IEP teams with AT options.The StudentWhat does the Student need to do?What are the Student's special needs?What are the Student's current abilities?
17 Ready, SETT, Go! The Environment: The SETT Framework What is SETT?The Environment:The customary environments in which the student is (or can be) expected to learn and grow.“Meeting Speak”:Tell me about how your instructional arrangement?Are there materials and equipment in the room that help already?Access Issues – Can Johnny use a conventional computer set-up?Are there any special concerns?Joy ZabalaJoy Zabala infoIs a structured process to assist IEP teams with AT options.The EnvironmentWhat materials and equipment are currently available in the environment?What is the physical arrangement?Are there special concerns?What is the instructional arrangement?Are there likely to be changes?What supports are available to the student?What resources are available to the people supporting the student?
18 Ready, SETT, Go! The Tasks: The SETT Framework What is SETT?The Tasks:The specific things that the student needs to be able to do or learn to do to reach expectations and make educational progress.“Meeting Speak”:Curriculum DemandsHandwritingAny Projects?Tell me about his/her typing skillsJoy ZabalaJoy Zabala infoIs a structured process to assist IEP teams with AT options.The TasksWhat activities take place in the environment?What activities support the student's curriculum?What are the critical elements of the activities?How might the activities be modified to accommodate the student's special needs?How might technology support the student's active participation in those activities?
19 Ready, SETT, Go! The SETT Framework What is SETT? “Meeting Speak”: The Tools:Everything that is needed by the student and others for the student to accomplish the tasks in the places where they need to be done so that educational progress is achieved.“Meeting Speak”:What is being used to help the student?What can be explored?Device?Service?No-tech, low-tech, high-tech?Joy ZabalaJoy Zabala infoService? – Refer back to slide 5.No-tech, blah, give examples of eachTRY BEFORE YOU BUY!!!Is a structured process to assist IEP teams with AT options.The ToolsWhat no tech, low tech, and high tech options should be considered when developing a system for a student with these needs and abilities doing these tasks in these environments?What strategies might be used to invite increased student performance?How might these tools be tried out with the student in the customary environments in which they will be used?
20 Benefits of Using the SETT Process The process usually leads to an appropriate device/modification for the studentIt focuses all assistive technology discussions on curricular needsAllows teams to be pro-active with parentsCreates a paper trailUse of a team process = Multiple PerspectivesUse of a timely processProvide appropriate supportsProvide - not purchase forEnsure FAPEAT does not eliminate the need for instruction inskills pertinent to the task.AT enables students to be actively involved in instructionThe main focus of our IEPs is to monitor progress and assist with weaknesses. Having the added benefit of the SETT process to bring in AT for those who need it, allow the team to differentiate instruction – which may not be 100% conventional for the classroom environment, but conventional and necessary to the student being served.
21 table-mates positive outcomes of STOP & Think!Discuss with yourtable-mates positive outcomes ofusing the SETT process.
22 Who is Part of the Team? Teacher Parent Student Related Services (Speech, OT, PT, etc.)School Administration (if applicable)District Personnel (if applicable)The student cannot communicate or write effectivelyWhen the classroom interventions seem to not give appropriate curriculum access. (beyond the SDI)The student needs the AT support in order to receive FAPEOnce a SETT, always a SETTNeed to keep up, check in, especially as curriculum changes.
23 Any “Team Leaders”? Typical “go to” people on a SETT Team: Speech - Communication ATOT/PT (if applicable) Motor issues/typingTeacher – observations, implementation of classroom strategies, collection of writing samples (if writing device)Parent – Home/School Connection** Tasks on the Action Plan can be designatedto specific people.Parent – especially important when student has communication issues
24 What Does it Looks Like?Open the “AT Forum” with team briefly before or while IEP is discussedDiscuss preliminary student information, if a new caseReview Action Plan from prior meeting – how is team progressing with trialsGather input from all team membersDocument tasks for subsequent months:Strategies & TrialsTraining & TroubleshootingData gatheringResourcesDecide on a good time to reconvene as a teamStrategies:Could be trying a desk sign reminder or designating a place for student to store device or creation of a board – cooking board for speechDeciding what time of day student will use device – if too much, just plan a trial for one period a dayTalk about a good accommodation that if implemented, could benefit entire class.Data gathering:Collecting writing samplesPrint outs of typing progressDecreasing number of prompts to answer independentlyAnecdotal – how is student adjusting to new cooking board – problems? – concerns?
25 Meeting Dos & Don’ts DO: DON’T SAY: Offer parent your data regarding how their child is progressingBe mindful of what features of a device suits student’s needs bestListen to team member’s input for multiple perspectives!Give parents directionDON’T SAY:“That’s too much work”!“We don’t do that”“A laptop would be a good idea”“It costs too much”Parents can sue!!Show Blue top 10 things NOT to say in an IEP meeting…
26 table-mates about something you learned about SETT meetings. STOP & Think!Discuss with yourtable-mates about something you learned about SETT meetings.
28 Are there additional skills/training needed to access the technology? SHOW EXAMPLES OF ANNIE’S SETT FORMSImportant Considerations During SETTWhat are the educational goals for the student?Are there additional skills/training needed to access the technology?Is the technology needed in all educational environments? Daily? In all classes?Is there technology currently in the school available to meet the student’s needs?Is there technology available that could be modified to meet the student’s needs?
30 Will staff need training? SHOW EXAMPLES OF ANNIE’S SETT FORMSMore to ConsiderWhat do you expect the tool/technology to do?Will the technology increase the functioning level/the level of independence?What are the skills necessary to utilize the technology?Will staff need training?What does the student need to do that they are now unable to do to access the curriculum/goals?What have you tried to address these needs?What has been good/bad about what you have tried?Does the student need a tool to access the standard curriculum?
32 Helpful Hints for Action Plans Designate a class, or one task to conduct trial.Make sure to include training, support and what data will look like (if applicable)If you are unsure – Action Plan can state: “Investigate options for…”.OR team can “call IU”/Education AgencyAssign everyone responsibility - parents and students too!If not done - assign again.These are helpful to keep in mind, Elena will be guiding teams through each case.
33 Sample Data Collection Log Jane’s Technology LogDateWhat Did Jane Use Today?(Touchscreen, keyboard, mouse, etc.)What is Jane’s Academic/Leisure Task?(letter rec, journal writing)What Skill is Jane Doing?How Did It Go?(likes & dislikes, any problems?)Give background info – Maddie/issues/what was recommended, etc.
34 Case Studies With your SETT Team: Refer to your blue Read your case study.Focus on curriculum or social issues preventing student success, (weeding out irrelevant facts.) and document on SETT Framework poster.Decide with your team what strategies/device would be good to try/trial. Add to your action plan.Be Prepared to report out!Refer to case studies with orange stickiesSet timer ppt to 10 minutesHave people use big framework poster, and use action plan sheet (extra AP attached to sett forms)Encourage teams – if they don’t know a specific device name, agree on features or what the device should doRefer to your bluepacket at this time!
35 After the SETT MeetingTeam tries various classroom interventions and/or the student trials devices/softwareData is collected to document trialsStudent has success with the adaptations and/or gets it!The team determines if the AT isneeded to meet IEP/FAPE.
36 What Makes it Work? Teamwork Collaboration Using team members’ strengthsMany trialsFocusing on the device features that suit the child, not brand names or bells and whistlesSupport from everyoneThe student is able to do something they struggled with before….. BetterValues all perspectivesPromotes collaborationFocus on function in contextProcedurally safe
37 IEP Documentation What to look for… Considerations Page – Assistive Technology CheckedPresent Educational Levels – Teachers can mention how device/strategy positively impacts student learningSDIs – “Ongoing in the SETT Process”, generic name of device (if applicable), and identify where and when it’s used – “Use of portable word processor for Language Arts”Supports for School Personnel “Support and training for AT implementation provided by Educational Technology/AT Consultant”Bookmark timers, franklin spellers are examples of classroom accomodations, available to students already and thus NOT AT for VanguardRemember, there is no wrong way to mention AT in the IEP (clear as mud), just make sure it is documented somewhere!
38 Don’t forget the online feedback survey! More ResourcesPIAT & PaTTAN – PA STL ProgramsAny in NJ? ETTC?Your district’s Director of Special Educationedtechdiva.wikispaces.comDon’t forget the online feedback survey!