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100 KG LESS WASTE AS A LOCAL POLICY TARGET Jean-Pierre HANNEQUART Seville, 21 march 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "100 KG LESS WASTE AS A LOCAL POLICY TARGET Jean-Pierre HANNEQUART Seville, 21 march 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 100 KG LESS WASTE AS A LOCAL POLICY TARGET Jean-Pierre HANNEQUART Seville, 21 march 2007

2 THE AALBORG COMMITMENTS … We are committed to … the prudent and efficient use of resources and sustainable consumption and production. We will therefore work, throughout our community, to: 1. avoid and reduce waste, and increase re-use and recycling. 2. manage and treat waste in accordance with best practice standards 3.avoid unnecessary energy consumption, and improve end-use energy efficiency. 4.undertake sustainable procurement. 5.actively promote sustainable production and consumption, in particular of eco-labelled, organic, ethical and fair trade products.

3 ResourcesProducts Wastes RE USE RE PAIR RE THINK RE DESIGN RE DUCE

4 100 kg less waste per inhabitant 1.Why avoid, reduce and reuse? 2.Why aim for kg less waste per inhabitant and per year? 3.How to do 100 kg less? 4.A European campaign: why and how? 5.How to join up and join in.

5 100 kg less waste per inhabitant 1.Why avoid, reduce and reuse? 2.Why aim for kg less waste per inhabitant and per year? 3.How to do 100 kg less? 4.A European campaign: why and how? 5.How to join up and join in.

6 Why avoid, reduce and reuse? Reduce carbon footprint Lighten the ecological rucksack Lessen climate change Reduce socio-economic inequality Develop sustainable jobs Diminish costs Integrate European legal constraints

7 50,000 kg 3,500 kg 600 kg Municipal waste Industrial waste Resources 16,000 kg Imported products and material Reduce carbon Footprint European citizen = 2-3 planets

8 Products - Resources : 1kg iron: 2.3 kg 1kg zinc : 8 kg 1kg copper: 15 kg 5g gold ring = 3,000 kg Toothbrush: 1.5kg Mobile phone: 75 kg Laptop: 1,500 kg Lighten the ecological rucksack

9 Lessen climate change Product consumption (production-transport) = 50% CO² emissions … 1 kg paper = 1,9 kg CO² … 1 kg of meat from New Zealand = 7,5 kg CO² … 1 bottle of American wine by plane = 5 kg CO² (5kg more than for a bottle of French wine)

10 Reduce socio-economic inequalities

11 Develop sustainable jobs prevention

12 Diminish costs Vienna

13 Integrate European legal constraints … The hierarchy Recycling Reuse Reduction Destruction

14 Integrate European legal contraints COM(2005)667: THE M.S Must adopt prevention programmes At the most appropriate geographical level Including objectives (qualitative and quantitative) and guidelines for follow- through

15 100 kg less waste per inhabitant 1.Why avoid, reduce and reuse? 2.Why aim for kg less waste per inhabitant and per year? 3.How to do 100 kg less? 4.A European campaign: why and how? 5.How to join up and join in.

16 Why aim for fewer kg of municipal waste per inhab./year? To translate prevention into a significant result To have a quantitative European reference To have a target that is flexible for the differing local realities To promote an action field with several sections

17 Prevention can be translated into a significant quantative result Many local micro-projects lead to significant reductions of many kg of waste Weight is not the be-all and end-all but… quantity of Kg/inhab/year of municipal waste = European guideline for sustainable development

18 A quantitative European reference point Amount of municipal waste in KG/INHAB/year (2004) (EUROSTAT) UE-15 : 580 UE-25 : 540 The European average currently stands at around: 600KG/HAB/AN

19 A quantitative European reference The amount of waste managed by the town councils is between: 250 and 800 KG/INHAB/AN (2005 Eurostat)

20 A flexible concept Municipal Waste = Household rubbish + other household waste + similar waste (between + 5% et + 100%) =What local authorities consider to be waste flows to manage

21 A field of action with many sectors Households (door-to-door, in local skips, at rubbish dumps) Schools Offices Businesses Hospitals Public parks Administrations …

22 100 kg less waste per inhabitant 1.Why avoid, reduce and reuse? 2.Why aim for kg less waste per inhabitant and per year? 3.How to do 100 kg less? 4.A European campaign: why and how? 5.How to join up and join in.

23 How to do 100 kg less? A theoretical amount Several major preventative actions and four waste flows

24 A theoretical amount The European average of 600 kg/inhab/year of municipal waste can be broken down as follows: - ORGANIC (36%) 220 - PAPER-Not packaging (16%) 100 - PACKAGING (25%) 150 - BULKY-DIVERSE (22%)130

25 Reduce organic waste Promote composting at source Fight food waste Choose reusable nappies

26 Promote composting at source Promote composting : - individual - neighbourhood - green areas If green municipal waste (kitchen, private gardens, parks) comes to 180 kg/inhab/year, we can envisage composting between 20 and 35kg. That is to say, an average European target of: 27 kg less/inhab/year By promoting individual composting, Landkreis Scheinfurt (G) estimates that it has reduced its waste by 50kg/ inhab/year, whereas the Asti province (I) estimates 30 kg/inhab/yr

27 Fight food waste Vienna estimates the potential for reduction of shop food waste at nearly 40kg/shop/day. Brussels has measured nearly 15kg/inhab/yr wasted by households and nearly 6kg/child/year for schools FOOD = 20-30% of total CO 2 emissions Based on household and shop food waste of 30 kg/inhab/yr, we can realistically target: 8 Kg less/inhab/year

28 The amount of nappies used is increasing all the time and has been evaluated at nearly 10 kg/hab/an in Wallonia (B). They make up about 6% of household waste in Milton-Keynes (UK) By promoting reusable nappies, Landkreis Schweinfurt (G) reduced waste by 9.4kg to 7kg/inhab/year The potential European average is realistically : 2 Kg less/inhab/year Choose reusable nappies

29 Reduce paper waste Oppose free newpapers and/or flyers Dematerialise schools and offices

30 STICKERS AGAINST FREE NEWSPAPERS AND/OR FLYERS Oppose free newspapers and/or flyers Based on 20Kg/inhab/year, We can aim for: 5 kg less/inhab/year

31 Reduce paper through basic awareness-raising Dematerialise offices and schools a.- 17% b.- 44% c.- 37% d.- 9% e.- 7% f.- 3% g.+14% h.- 11% i.- 8% j.- 29% Lead campaigns against paper waste in offices and schools The Brussels Region calculated that papers used came to nearly 150kg/worker/year and 7kg/child/year…We can realistically aim for: 10kg less/inhab/year

32 Reduce packaging waste Choose bottles that can be returned Promote tap water Develop reusable bags Fight over-packaging

33 Choose bottles that can be returned Based on an average yearly consumption per person of 65 bottles of wine (weighing 400g) and 100 bottles of beer and other drinks (weighing 100g), the amount of waste, if it is all one way is 36 kg/inhab/year. By returning a third for reuse, we can reach: 12 kg less/inhab/year Fight one way packaging

34 Consumption of bottled water (litres/inhab/2004) Promote tap water The consumption of bottled water is going up all the time: it reached 184 litres/inhab in 2004 in Italy Based on a consumption of 8kg/inhab/yr (200 bottles x 40g), we can aim for: 2 kg less/inhab/year Italy 184 Belgium 148 France 141 Spain 137 Germany 125 Cyprus 92 Czech Rep. 87 Austria 82 Portugal 80

35 Develop reusable bags In France, it is estimated that the production of disposable plastic bags has reached 17 billion, which is 2kg/inhab/year Potential reduction is at least 1 kg/inhab/year

36 Amount put on the market (kg/inhab/2000) France 206 Italy 198 Netherlands 193 Luxembourg 190 Germany 187 UK 167 Average 161 Denmark 159 Spain 157 Belgium 144 Austria 131 Sweden 115 Finland 87 Fight over-packaging The distribution sector in the UK has adopted targets for reducing waste by 5 to 10% Based on 100kg/inhab/year, we can aim for: 10 kg less/inhab/year At Charleroi(B) 13% have changed their buying habits based on eco- labelling

37 Reduce bulky and other waste Promote reuse of clothes Promote reuse of furniture, electric and electronic equipment, toys and other bulky items Fight unnecessary purchasing

38 Promote reuse of clothes 60% of clothes should be reusable, which out of 8kg/inhab/year is: 5 kg less/inhab/year

39 Promote reuse of furniture, EEE, toys and other bulky items Out of 90kg/inhab/year we can aim, through repair-reuse and second-hand sales, for: 15 kg less/inhab/year An ACR+ investigation revealed 20 to 90 kg/ inhab/year of bulky waste collected by town councils

40 Fight excess purchasing Nuremberg (G): 99 WASTE-FREE PRESENTS There are at least 12 kg/inhab/year of excess purchases: we will aim for 3 kg LESS

41 How to do 100 kg less? Amount Potential in Kg/inhab/year reduction Organic22040 Compostable greenery18030 Food waste 308 Nappies 102 Papers (not packaging) 10015 Free printed press and flyers205 Office papers and others8010 Packaging 15025 Bottles 3512 Bottled water 62 Plastic shopping bags 21 Other excess packaging107 10 Bulky and other130 20 Clothing 84 Furniture,toys,EEE/other110 13 Excess purchases 123 -------------------------------------------- TOTAL600100

42 100 kg less waste per inhabitant 1.Why avoid, reduce and reuse? 2.Why aim for kg less waste per inhabitant and per year? 3.How to do 100 kg less? 4.A European campaign: why and how? 5.How to join up and join in.

43 A European campaign? 4 AXES Exchange of information and experience between local actors Update guidelines Work in partnership Encourage a European prevention week

44 A European campaign?

45 AXE 1:EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION AND EXPERIENCES BETWEEN LOCAL ACTORS No two towns or regions are identical, but all have to face similar challenges Preventative action is fairly complex The international exchange of information and experiences enables everyone to do more, better. Parallel initiatives increase efficiency European campaign = Adopt one slogan for everyone Carry out actions in parallel Communicate via a shared web site Make a list of training needs Share ideas and even communication material

46 AXE 2: UPDATE GUIDELINES The waste prevention policy needs quantitative targets and guidelines for follow-through Towns and regions have an essential role to play in fixing similar objectives and guidelines The differing situations do not prevent the possibility of jointly researching technical tools for the main municipal waste flows and for the main potential preventative action categories -> European campaign = ACR+ working groups/ clusters for prevention guidelines: - biodegradable waste - paper waste - packaging waste - bulky waste

47 AXE 3:WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP Twinning is particularly appropriate for local prevention policies There is a need for partnership in north-south relations ( or decentralised cooperation) and similarly between new and old EU Members States. European campaign = Coordination via ACR+ Secretariat of several bilateral international agreements between towns and regions on waste prevention

48 AXE 4:ENCOURAGE A EUROPEAN PREVENTION WEEK Reinforcing the visibility of preventative actions will help reproduce them and to increase their effectiveness Adopting time period in which to raise awareness amongst European citizens will help encourage multiple initiatives European campaign = ACR+ lobbying for official adoption of a European prevention week

49 100 kg less waste per inhabitant 1.Why avoid, reduce and reuse? 2.Why aim for kg less waste per inhabitant and per year? 3.How to do 100 kg less? 4.A European campaign: why and how? 5.How to join up and join in.

50 HOW TO JOIN UP AND JOIN IN? By signing the Charter 100kg less waste per inhabitant… and by actions: - Either as a relay-actor - Or as ACR+ actor-member

51 As a relay-actor Commitments Advantages Increase efficiency by accumulation action weight Increase political visibility (cfr internet links) Receive ACR+-news-prevention-ACR+ (via e-mail) Receive (at reduced prices) documents and campaign material Keep waste prevention an important, quantitative political priority Carry out many actions in 2008-2009 under the banner European campaign for waste reduction Create an internet link with ACR+ website

52 As ACR+ actor-member As for relay-actors Transmit data and other information to ACR+ secretariat (to add to private website) Participate in one of the Clusters for prevention guidelines or contribute in 2008-2009 to at least one international conference on prevention and/or international partnerships on preventative actions Participate in European prevention week Commitments Advantages Access to technical area of ACR+ website Share expertise on guidelines Possibility of contributing in international settings Possibility of helping the ACR+ secretariat for action partnerships Participation in lobbying on European policy and … political visibility (internet links), news-prevention-ACR+ (via e-mail), documents and campaign material (at reduced prices)

53 ACR+ Association of Cities and Regions for recycling and sustainable resource management Avenue dAuderhem, 63 1040 Bruxelles +32/ 2 234 65 04 Pour d'autres aspects : Jean-Pierre HANNEQUART jph@ibgebim.be jph@ibgebim.be www.acrplus.org Gulledelle 100 1200 Bruxelles +32/ 2 775 75 11 www.ibgebim.be


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