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Author: Stephen Kramer Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives?

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Presentation on theme: "Author: Stephen Kramer Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Author: Stephen Kramer Genre: Expository Nonfiction Big Question: How do weather patterns affect our lives?

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3 Story Sort Story Sort VocabularyWords Vocabulary Words: Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Review Games

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5 watermelon homemade understand sometimes shoelace highway upstairs thunderstorm shortcut doorbell jellyfish touchdown campfire skateboard anyway fireworks haircut loudspeaker laptop flashlight masterpiece stomachache cliffhanger sweatshirt afterthought

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7 destruction expected forecasts inland shatter surge potential withstand wreckage ditch shelter unpredictable Vocabulary Words More Words to Know

8 Question of the Day How do weather patterns affect our lives?

9 Build Concepts Graphic Sources Predict Build Background Vocabulary Fluency: Pauses Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses Spelling: Compound Words Storms Today we will learn about:

10 Fluency Model Pauses

11 Listen as I read Tornado Tales. As I read, notice how I pause after complete thoughts, such as at the end of phrases and sentences to make it easier for listeners to understand the text. Be ready to answer questions after I finish. Fluency: Model Pauses

12 What caused frogs to fall on a girls head? Why shouldnt someone try to flee from a tornado in a car? Fluency: Model Pauses

13 ditch – a long narrow hole dug into the earth. Ditches are usually used to carry off water.ditch shelter – something that covers or protects from weather, danger, or attackshelter unpredictable – uncertain, unable to tell about beforehand (next slide) Concept Vocabulary

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16 (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

17 Why storms are dangerous Where to find shelter Storms

18 Graphic Sources, Predict Turn to page 338 – 339.

19 Prior Knowledge What do you know about hurricanes? K (What do you know?) W (What would you like to learn?) L (What did you learn?)

20 This weeks audio explores how meteorologists forecast hurricanes. After we listen, we will discuss what you found out and what surprised you most about forecasting hurricanes. Prior Knowledge

21 Vocabulary Words

22 destruction – great damage; ruin destruction expected – thought something would probably come or happen forecasts – statements of what is coming; predictions inland – in or toward the interior shatter – to break into pieces suddenlyshatter surge- a swelling motion; sweep or rush; especially of wavessurge- Vocabulary Words

23 potential – something possible withstand – to stand against; hold out against; resist; endure wreckage – what is left behind after destructionwreckage (Next Slide) More Words to Know

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28 Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses

29 the thundastorm put out our camp fire but we had a gas stove The thunderstorm put out our campfire, but we had a gas stove. we return Home last night soaking wet We returned home last night soaking wet.

30 It rains every day. It rained last night. It will rain tomorrow. The verb in sentence 1 is in present tense, the verb in sentence 2 is in past tense, and the verb in sentence 3 is future tense. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

31 When the word has, have, or had precedes a verb, it is called the perfect tense. This tense indicates that the action was done before a given point in time. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

32 The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. A verb in the present tense tells about action that is happening now. A verb in the past tense tells about action that has already happened. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

33 A verb in the future tense tells about action that will happen in the future. The helping verb will is added to a verb to form the future tense. Present Tense: The rain pours down. We use our umbrellas. Past Tense: It rained last night. They filled buckets with rainwater. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

34 Future Tense: The rain will stop tomorrow. When a verb ends with e, drop the e before adding –ed: save, saved. When a one-syllable verb ends with one vowel followed by one consonant, double the final consonant before adding –ed: clap, clapped Past, Present, and Future Tenses

35 When a verb ends with a consonant followed by y, change the y to i before adding –ed: hurry, hurried. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

36 Warren Faidley lives in Arizona. present He follows storms. present In 1992, he chased Hurricane Andrew. past Past, Present, and Future Tenses Identify the tense of each underlined verb.

37 He stayed in a concrete parking garage. past Next summer he will take pictures of thunderstorms. future Past, Present, and Future Tenses Identify the tense of each underlined verb.

38 My dog hates thunderstorms. hates, present Last summer a storm arrived one afternoon. arrived, past The wind nearly knocked me over. knocked, past Past, Present, and Future Tenses Find the verb and identify its tense.

39 I hugged a telephone pole. hugged, past Next time I will remain indoors. will remain, future Past, Present, and Future Tenses Find the verb and identify its tense.

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41 watermelon homemade understand sometimes shoelace highway upstairs thunderstorm shortcut doorbell jellyfish touchdown campfire skateboard anyway fireworks haircut loudspeaker laptop flashlight masterpiece stomachache cliffhanger sweatshirt afterthought

42 Question of the Day Why do you think storms are so fascinating to some people?

43 Word Structure: Endings Graphic Sources Predict Cause and Effect Vocabulary Fluency: Echo Reading Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses Spelling: Compound Words Time for Science: Tornadoes Satellite Pictures Storms Today we will learn about:

44 Vocabulary Strategy: Endings Pages

45 Eye of the Storm Pages

46 Fluency Echo Reading

47 Turn to page 348, the heading and first paragraph. As I read, notice how I pause after reading the heading, after commas, and at the ends of sentences. We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of this paragraph. Fluency: Echo Reading

48 Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses

49 water covered the highway. After the hurricane Water covered the highway after the hurricane. how would we get threw How would we get through?

50 The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

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52 watermelon homemade understand sometimes shoelace highway upstairs thunderstorm shortcut doorbell jellyfish touchdown campfire skateboard anyway fireworks haircut loudspeaker laptop flashlight masterpiece stomachache cliffhanger sweatshirt afterthought

53 Question of the Day Why should people respect the power of storms?

54 Graphic Sources Predict Vocabulary Fluency: Model Pauses Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses Spelling: Compound Words Time for Science: What Causes a Hurricane? Storms Today we will learn about:

55 Eye of the Storm Pages

56 Fluency Model Pauses

57 Turn to page 349, paragraphs 2-4. As I read, notice how I use punctuation clues to determine when to pause, including the dash and the colon. Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings. Fluency: Model Pauses

58 Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses

59 i watches lightning flash over the mountains I watched lightning flash over the mountains. if you see a tornado go too a safe place If you see a tornado, go to a safe place.

60 The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

61 Using present, past, and future tenses tells readers the time of an action. Example: I passed my spelling quiz. I will pass my spelling quiz. The verb tense makes each sentence mean something different. Review something you have written to see if you can make the action clearer by using present, past, or future tense. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

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63 watermelon homemade understand sometimes shoelace highway upstairs thunderstorm shortcut doorbell jellyfish touchdown campfire skateboard anyway fireworks haircut loudspeaker laptop flashlight masterpiece stomachache cliffhanger sweatshirt afterthought

64 Question of the Day Has your home ever lost electrical power during a storm? What else happened?

65 Web Site/Text Features Reading Across Texts Fluency: Partner Reading Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses Spelling: Compound Words Science: Tornado Safety Today we will learn about:

66 Severe Weather Safety Pages

67 Fluency Partner Reading

68 Turn to page 349, paragraphs 2-4. Read these paragraphs three times with a partner. Be sure to pause at logical places and offer each other feedback. Fluency: Partner Reading

69 Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses

70 last night the hurricanes power surprise us Last night the hurricanes power surprised us. the winds blew childrens off their feets The winds blew children off their feet.

71 The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

72 Test Tip: The present tense describes events that are happening now, but it also describes repeated actions. Words such as always, usually, often, and every day generally appear with present tense verbs. Examples: Thunderstorms usually occur in summer. I carry an umbrella to school every day. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

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74 watermelon homemade understand sometimes shoelace highway upstairs thunderstorm shortcut doorbell jellyfish touchdown campfire skateboard anyway fireworks haircut loudspeaker laptop flashlight masterpiece stomachache cliffhanger sweatshirt afterthought

75 Question of the Day How do weather patterns affect our lives?

76 Graphic Sources Similes Word Structure: Endings Grammar: Past, Present, and Future Tenses Spelling: Compound Words Online Telephone Directory Storms Today we will learn about:

77 A graphic source shows or explains information in the text. Pictures, maps, charts, time lines, and diagrams are all examples of graphic sources. As you read, use graphic sources to help you understand information. Compare information in the text with information in the graphic sources. Graphic Sources

78 A simile is a comparison of two unlike things that are alike in at least one way. A simile uses a comparison word such as like or as. Writers use similes to help the reader better understand something they are describing or to think about it in a new or different way.Similes

79 The ending –s is used for many plural nouns. In some words the ending is –es, and there may be a spelling change in the base noun. Identify the singular form of each word and then use each noun in a sentence. Endings

80 Endings

81 How might you find the phone numbers or address of a local business? Online telephone directories, like print directories, consist of white and yellow pages. The white pages contain listings for individuals and sometimes businesses. Online Telephone Directory

82 The yellow pages contain businesses categorized by type, such as hotels, sporting goods, and so on. To find an online directory, use the keywords white pages or yellow pages on a search engine. Online Telephone Directory

83 Once in the directory, type in the name of the person or business you want to find (or the category of a business if you dont know a specific name).Also include a city or zip code and state to narrow the search. Online Telephone Directory

84 Grammar Past, Present, and Future Tenses

85 they say the weather in atlanta improved tomorrow They say the weather in Atlanta will improve tomorrow. the storm reaches Nova scotia By next saturday The storm will reach Nova Scotia by next Saturday.

86 The tense of a verb tells when an action happens. Present tense tells about present action. Many present tense verbs end in –s or –es. Past tense tells about past action. Many past tense verbs end in –ed. Future tense tells about future action. The helping verb will is added to the verb to form the future tense. Past, Present, and Future Tenses

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88 watermelon homemade understand sometimes shoelace highway upstairs thunderstorm shortcut doorbell jellyfish touchdown campfire skateboard anyway fireworks haircut loudspeaker laptop flashlight masterpiece stomachache cliffhanger sweatshirt afterthought

89 Story test Classroom webpage, Reading Test AR Other Reading Quizzes Quiz #


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