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Seamless Handoff in Personal Area Networks Ben Cheung Duke Nguyen December 12, 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Seamless Handoff in Personal Area Networks Ben Cheung Duke Nguyen December 12, 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Seamless Handoff in Personal Area Networks Ben Cheung Duke Nguyen December 12, 2003

2 Presentation Outline General Overview Design Test Cases Performance and Experimental Results Future work to be done

3 What is a Personal Area Network? A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computer devices close to one person. The device may or may not belong to the person in question. A key capability for a PAN is to enable devices to autonomously detect and acquire one another Wireless PANs can be made possible with network technologies such as IrDA, Bluetooth, and

4 What is seamless handoff? End-to-end IP continuity without failures in the midst of a download activity due to link outages or handovers A vertical roaming scheme for switching across alternative wireless technologies (e.g., WiFi, WPAN and cellular) Ensures a successful termination of a data transfer even when: – The underlying link connections are damaged or disrupted due to the device mobility – A mobile user passes through different alternative wireless technologies

5 Seamless Handoff Goals Continuous connectivity Low latency Minimum packet loss Minimum infrastructural modifications

6 Horizontal and Vertical Handoffs Horizontal – When the two network access points are based on the same wireless link technology – The link is damaged or disrupted solely due to device mobility Vertical – When the two network access points are based on different wireless technologies – Moving to an area covered by a different wireless technology

7 Example Horizontal vs. Vertical Handoff Horizontal – User has a laptop with a standard network card. – He walks from SEAS to CS UCLA department and continues to have internet access. Vertical – User has a laptop with network card and a 1xRTT card. – He connects to the Internet using while indoors, but when he steps outside he is seamlessly handed off to a 1xRTT connection automatically.

8 Example scenario Joe Shmoe is downloading a large 30 GB video in Boelter Hall. During the transfer, he decides to grab lunch in North Campus. He doesnt want to stop the download, and at the same time, he doesnt want to leave his laptop behind. What does he do?

9 Example scenario (cont.) Joe Shmoe connects his laptop to a handoff server Now, he can bring his laptop with him to North Campus, and the download will be continuous. How is this done?

10 Example scenario (cont.) The handoff server freezes the download activity at the session layer when horizontal and/or vertical handoffs are detected. This permits the download to continue as if it were constantly connected to the Internet, despite roaming across different wireless networks.

11 Handoff Diagram Virtual Private Network (VPN) Handoff Server Internet

12 Handoff Diagram VPN Bluetooth Handoff Server Internet

13 Test Scenarios Horizontal Handoff – Switch from static IP address to dynamic IP address DHCP in a different network/subnet and vice versa – 1 Laptop using – UCLA CS Department – wget US/speechsdk51.exe US/speechsdk51.exe – 68 MB file Vertical Handoff – Switch from wired ethernet to Bluetooth, switch at 180s, and vice versa – 1 Laptop using 100 Mbps ethernet and Xircom Bluetooth adapter – UCLA CS Department – wget US/speechsdk51.exe US/speechsdk51.exe – 68 MB File

14 Test Scenarios (cont.) Vertical Handoff – Switch from 1xRTT to , switch at 60s, and vice versa – 1 Laptop using standard and Aircard 1xRTT card – UCLA CS Department – wget DK/SDK/5.1/WXP/EN-US/speechsdk51.exe DK/SDK/5.1/WXP/EN-US/speechsdk51.exe – 68 MB File

15 Performance Data Trial Run Duration (s) Delay (s) Throughput KB/s Still User, 1 interruption, static -> dynamic IP different network/subnet (Avg throughput = KB/s), switch at 60s

16 Performance Data Trial Run Duration (s) Delay (s) Throughput KB/s Still User, 1 interruption, dynamic -> static IP different network/subnet (Avg throughput = KB/s), switch at 60s

17 Performance Data Trial Run Duration (s) 1xRTT Throughput KB/s Delay (s) Throughput KB/s Still User, 1 interruption, 1xRTT-> different network/subnet (Avg throughput = KB/s), switch at 60s

18 Performance Data Trial Run Duration (s) Throughput KB/s Delay (s)1xRTT Throughput KB/s Still User, 1 interruption, > 1xRTT different network/subnet (Avg throughput = KB/s), switch at 60s

19 Performance Data Trial Run Duration (s) Wired Throughput KB/s Delay (s)Bluetooth Throughput KB/s Still User, 1 interruption, Wired Ethernet -> Bluetooth (Avg Throughput = 197 KB/s) switch at 180s.

20 Performance Data Trial Run Duration (s) Bluetooth Throughput KB/s Delay (s)Wired Throughput KB/s Still User, 1 interruption, Bluetooth -> Wired Ethernet (Avg Throughput = 190 KB/s) switch at 180s.

21 Performance Analysis Handoffs were transparent to the user Congestion window behavior as expected Throughput remained consistent File integrity maintained VPN connection to handoff server maintained with tunnel security

22 Future Work to be Done Optimizations Scalability Testing Analysis

23 Summary Seamless Handoff: Continuous connectivity, low latency, minimal infrastructural modifications Horizontal and vertical handoff scenarios tested Measured/evaluated performance of data transmission in different PAN scenarios

24 References Mark Stemm, Randy H. Katz, " Vertical Handoffs in Wireless Overlay Networks," Mobile Networks and Applications, 1996.Vertical Handoffs in Wireless Overlay Networks R. Hsieh, Zhe Guang Zhou, A. Seneviratne, " S-MIP: a seamless handoff architecture for mobile IP," In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2003.S-MIP: a seamless handoff architecture for mobile IP V. Ghini, G. Pau, P. Salomoni, M. Roccetti, M. Gerla, " Smart Download on the Go: A Wireless Internet Application for Music Distribution over Heterogeneous Networks, " Submitted to ICC2004, Paris.Smart Download on the Go: A Wireless Internet Application for Music Distribution over Heterogeneous Networks Pangalos, P.A.; Boukis, K.; Burness, L.; Brookland, A.; Beauchamps, C.; Aghvami, A.H., " End-to-end SIP based real time application adaptation during unplanned vertical handovers, " Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM '01. IEEE, Volume: 6, Nov Page(s): End-to-end SIP based real time application adaptation during unplanned vertical handovers


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