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Object assists Ubiquitous Learning. Thinking by Blooms learning domains Cognitive: Focuses on mental skills. Affective: Focuses on growth in feelings.

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Presentation on theme: "Object assists Ubiquitous Learning. Thinking by Blooms learning domains Cognitive: Focuses on mental skills. Affective: Focuses on growth in feelings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Object assists Ubiquitous Learning

2 Thinking by Blooms learning domains Cognitive: Focuses on mental skills. Affective: Focuses on growth in feelings or emotional skills. Psychomotor: Includes physical movement, coordination and use of the motor-skill areas.

3 Cognitive Recalling data. Improve understanding. Applying knowledge and skills. Organizing learning materials. Put parts together. Make judgments.

4 Affective Attain awareness and willingness to hear. Actively participate in learning and react. Judge the worth or value of a person or an event. Organize values into priorities. Controls behavior.

5 Psychomotor Sensory cues to guide motor activity. Act readily (mental, physical and emotional sets). Early stages in learning a complex skill. Intermediate stage in learning a complex skill. Become a skilful performer. To gain skills that are well developed.

6 I would like to look at the potentials and usability on learning across spaces, across contexts and when using mobile devices such as OLPC. Skills: the right to education

7 Non-profit Organization Founded by Nicholas Negroponte Chairman Emeritus of MITs Media Lab Laptops commonly referred to as: XO | $100 Laptop | The Green Monster we view the children as a mission; Intel & Microsoft view them as a market!!

8 Overall project goal – to put a learning tool in the hands of children. Assume an intelligent, creative, curious user who will interact with the machine and possibly do unexpected things with it :-) Provide tools for creation of media, documents, programs, and previously unimagined stuff.

9 OLPC XO x 900 (152x114mm) Color Display 466 MHz Processor Graphics Coprocessor 256 MB RAM 1 GB solid-state storage 1.45 kg 17W charger $200

10 Child ownership Low ages:6-12 Saturation Connection With mesh, with AP, with XS server Free and open source Allows/encourages contributions from many sources No proprietary or licensing issues

11 11 Durable: Rugged, no moving parts, waterproof Robustness(No disk drive, No fans, Sturdy case ) Sunlight Readable Display (reflective/transmissive) Can also be solar or foot powered: Cranks, yo-yo, or rip- cord power supply available

12 12 In addition to hand crank and solar power alternatives, the XO has a 12V power socket that functions with any power generation system that can charge a 12V car battery. The XO's lithium-iron-phosphorus battery contains no toxic heavy metals. The screen backlight uses LEDs rather than fluorescents, and so contains no mercury. The plastic parts can be completely dismantled with a + Phillips screwdriver and separated by color for recycling rather than downcycling.

13 So far, over 500,000 laptops have been distributed to children in developing regions

14 OjM OjM

15 Collaboration, typical session <1 hour: Chat, laptops can share a chat Write, 2-3 laptops can collaborate on a Write document Record, 8-10 laptops can share Record photos (sharing video is not supported) Browse, laptops can share Browse link Simulations

16 $1 Video Microscope OLPC Measure Activity GPS Heart Rate and Temperature Sensor More community developed educational software Telemedicine

17 Journal: Sugar creates a blog for each childa record of the activities they engaged in during the daywhich lets them add public or private diary entries.

18 18 Is the price really so special? Some see it as a glorified gadget…toy….. Others see it as a top-down, centralized, and imperialistic attempt to solve third-world problems with a first world mentality And still others point to more immediately pressing problems such as access to clean drinking water or even more agrarian-based solutions Is it lack of laptops that is the biggest barrier to an educated population in the developing world?

19 Ive seen a school with teachers, blackboards, and books without laptops, but Ive never seen a school with laptops but without teachers and the rest.(Zuckerman, 2007) Sudeep Banerjee, Indias education secretary, said in 2006, We need classrooms and teachers more urgently than fancy tools. No country that will participate in this project will think that they are inviting their children to leave, but that indeed may happen. this toy will just be sold or stolen!!!

20 What happens when 30M+ kids used to an XO- like environment touch their first Windows-ish machine? What is the likely outcome of placing censorware-free laptops in the hands of a bunch of kids who live under repressive regimes, and of shipping a dump of wikipedia to each school?

21 I depended upon having talented educators to capitalize on that energy and interest and redirect it toward more productive pursuits. It was under the guidance of a classroom teacher that the baseball statistician went from being good with computers to good at math. It was a classroom teacher who took the risk to allow the budding filmmaker to produce a movie instead of writing a paper.(Johnson, 2008) To expand educational value of the XO? Lots of works to think/to design/to do…….

22 Bill Pytlovany said: Forget everything you already know!! (double click, folder file system,, double click……) But I cannot.(so did my advisor…) :p Therefore I read the forums, requested the developer key, bought a sd card, override, made it fual-boot, installed Ubuntu, and localize it. Just like an usual but mini laptop.

23 Expands the opportunity to learn across time and space (Inter)active, self-directed, inquiry and problem- based learning Live and learn with technologies Change the society, and the world

24 ; Fontelo, P., Liu. F., Zhang, K., & Akerman, M. (2009). Extending the benefits of One Laptop per Child to health. BMJ, 338, Naoto, K. (2007). Innovation in Learning and Beyond: Introducing a $100 Laptop through Public-Private Partnerships. Kennedy School Review, 2007, Martinazzo, A.; Patricio, N.S.; Biazon, L.C.; Ficheman, I.K.; Lopes, R.(2008, July). Testing the OLPC Drawing Activity: an usability report. Paper presented at 8th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies. Santander, Spain, 1-5 July Perry, T. S.(2007). The Laptop Crusade: Nicholas Negroponte's $100 laptop is a sweet piece of engineering. But can it really change the world? IEEE Spectrum, April 2007, Luyt, B.(2008). The One Laptop Per Child Project and the Negotiation of Technological Meaning. FirstMonday, 13I(6), Johnson, J. (2008) Can a Laptop Change How the World Teaches? Knowledge Quest, 36(4), Turner, J. (2008). Hacking the OLPC: With a little tinkering, the One Laptop Per Child XO can be a grown-up computer too. IEEE Spectrum, August 2008, Rapoza, J.(2007). Will this Laptop Change the World? eWeek [Online].pp44 – 50,

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