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Section 8 by: Colleen, Kat, Linda & Jared Monroes terms were called the era of good feelings The War of 1812 was fading Federalists party was fading.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 8 by: Colleen, Kat, Linda & Jared Monroes terms were called the era of good feelings The War of 1812 was fading Federalists party was fading."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Section 8 by: Colleen, Kat, Linda & Jared

3 Monroes terms were called the era of good feelings The War of 1812 was fading Federalists party was fading The Jeffersonian Republicans were practically the only party there The Economy was in a boom bust cycle Economic life was impacted mostly by technical advances The Era of Good Feelings

4 -President acted to strengthen nations foreign policy -John Quincy Adams took care of the foreign affairs -Monroes goal-ease tension with Britain signed Rush-Bagot -both sides reduce # of warships in GreatLake regions -wanted U.S. to relate to Spains new colonies -established Monroe Doctrine Nationalism abroad

5 4 parts U.S. will not be involved with European affairs and will not take sides in wars against them. –Will recognize Western Hemisphere colonies and states & will not interfere with them –Will not allow further colonization in Western Hemisphere –Attempt of European control over any nation will be viewed hostile by U.S. *meant little until 1840s U.S. expansion, Monroe Doctrine

6 -President acted to strengthen nations foreign policy -John Quincy Adams took care of the foreign affairs -Monroes goal-ease tension with Britain signed Rush-Bagot -both sides reduce # of warships in Great Lake regions -wanted U.S. to relate to Spains new colonies -established Monroe Doctrine Nationalism Abroad

7 On July 4, 1826, the fifteenth anniversary of The Declaration of Independence, former presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both died. This was a sign change was coming In the presidential election of 1824, for the first time, no candidate could boast of having a leader during the revolution. This election also marked the end of the Era of Good Feelings. Economic problems, the spread of slavery, and other issues led to conflicts among the Jeffersonian Republicans. As Monroe's second term came to an end, several Republicans decided to compete for presidency. Such people were Secretary of State John Quincy Adams of Mass., Secretary of War John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, and Andrew Jackson. The Controversial Election of 1824

8 John Quincy Adams was more experienced than anyone in politics and foreign affairs. In 1803 he was the senator of Massachusetts. He then arrived in congress as a federalist and adopted an independent approach toward lawmaking. He lost his seat in 1808 after supporting a bill that the Federalists strongly opposed. Adams then joined Monroes Cabinet. As Secretary of State Adams negotiated the treaty with Britain that extended the American the border to the Rockies, played a vital role in acquiring Florida, and helped devise the Monroe Doctrine. Adams, an Experienced Diplomat

9 Henry Clay in his time was known as Harry of the West. In congress he spoke in support of the American system, a combination of government backed economic development and protective tariffs aimed at encouraging business growth. Clay was against slavery just like Thomas Jefferson, but still owned slaves. Clay tried to bring slavery in Kentucky to an end but failed, and when he died he freed his own slaves in his will. Said I would rather be right than president but in 1824 he ran for president Clay, a Passionate Orator

10 John C. Calhoun served in the House of Representatives and as Monroes Secretary of War. Calhoun joined with Clay speaking out in support of nationalism and sponsoring a variety of economic measures to help unify the nation. Was the head of committees that created the Second Bank of The United States, a national road system, a modernized navy, and protective tariffs. In 1820 he turned his interest to defending southern sectional interests. Eventually he withdrew from the presidential race. Calhoun, a Champion of the South

11 Andrew Jackson nicknamed Old Hickery for his toughness was the wild card of the race. Served in congress in the 1790s. and was a slaveholder who owned a plantation in Nashville, Tennessee. Gained popularity for his victories in the War of He attacked the Seminole Indians in Florida. Jackson relied on his national popularity to attract votes. Jackson, Man of the People

12 In the 1824 election Jackson won the most votes in the electoral college, but he did not win a majority. John Quincy Adams came in second. In 1825, the constitution required that the House of Representatives voted to decide the election. Clay used his influence as a speaker of the house to swing enough votes to Adams to give him the victory. Days later Adams made Clay his secretary of State Jacksons supporters charged that Adams and Clay had made a corrupt bargain to deny Jackson the win The Corrupt Bargain

13 Adams wanted to strengthen nations economy Ordered federal building of roads, canals, bridges, lighthouses, universities, and other public improvements Split between Jeffersonian republicans became clear during 1828 election forming Adams Party and National Republicans (supporters of adams & clay) then the Jacksonians or Democratic Republicans (jackson suppoters) Two new parties face off

14 2 very different candidates 3 times as many men voted from last election The reasoning for this was the ability for men without properity to vote This resulted in Jackson, a man for the people winning the 1824 election Election

15 TERMS TO KNOW Dartmouth vs. College Woodward- long-term effect was to protect businesses from regulation, which helped stabilize the economy McCulloch v. Maryland- court found that such a bank was for convenience not a necessity Gibbons v. Ogden-increased steamboat competition, helping open up the American West to settlement Monroe Doctrine-a 4 section document written by Monroe dealing with Wars with Europe and settlements in the western hemisphere American System-a combination of government backed economics development & protected tariffs aimed at encouraging economic growth

16 THE END


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