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Phishing, what you should know L kout Initiative.

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Presentation on theme: "Phishing, what you should know L kout Initiative."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phishing, what you should know L kout Initiative

2 2 Important Note The information published hereafter is just a collection of selected IT industry best practices and tips that might assist you in improving the security levels against computer related threats while exercising your computing activities. The information published hereafter is not meant in any way to provide a comprehensive solution nor to ensure full protection against computer related threats.

3 3 >Phishing is a form of social engineering that is executed via electronic means and can lead to identity theft and fraud. What is Phishing?

4 4 Social Engineering >A social engineer is a polite cracker!! >A social engineer is a person who will deceive or con others into divulging information that they wouldnt normally share (credit card numbers, bank account information, passwords…etc.). >He/she will build inappropriate trust relationship with insiders.

5 5 Social Engineering >He/she may seem: Unassuming and respectable Possibly claiming to be a new employee, repair person, or researcher and even offering credentials to support that identity. >Social Engineers use these techniques: Appeal to vanity Appeal to authority Appeal to old-fashioned eavesdropping

6 6 Social Engineering >Human Based: In Person. Third-party authorization: The social engineer obtains the name of someone who has the authority to grant access to information. Impersonation: A social engineer might impersonate any character and use certain privileges.

7 7 Social Engineering >Electronic Based: Targeted e-mail messages Spam, chain letters and hoaxes E-mail attachments Pop windows Spoofed Websites Instant Messaging and Chat rooms Cell phone text messages (SMS) (details in slides ahead)

8 8 Phishing: Real Life Example 1 - AUB

9 9

10 10 Phishing: Real Life Example 2 - AUB

11 11 Phishing: Real Life Example 2 - AUB

12 12 Phishing: Real Life Example 3 - Common Tricks Same old story, but a different version

13 13 Phishing: Real Life Example 4 - Silly Reasoning Yeah, right

14 14 Phishing: Real Life Example 5 - Fake Sites This one is Easy! This is not eBay site but a fake One.

15 15 Phishing: Real Life Example 6 - Tricky URLs

16 16 Phishing: Real Life Example 6 - Tricky URLs

17 17 Phishing: Real Life Example 7 - Spyware

18 18 How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim? IMPORTANT NOTICE - EMAIL ALERT Rule 1: NEVER provide your PASSWORD to anyone Rule 2: AUB staff will NEVER request your PASSWORD via email You may have read or heard of fraudulent e-mails that encourage recipients to provide their personal details such as user names and passwords. At AUB, we will never request your password via e- mail. If you receive such an e-mail request, please delete it immediately.

19 19 Phishers emails are typically NOT personalized, while valid messages from your bank or e-commerce company generally are. Phishers typically include upsetting (usually a threat ) information to get people to react immediately (i.e., claiming they will shut off your account). How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim? Is it that urgent?

20 20 Phishers typically include exciting (but false) statements in their e-mails or pop ups to entice people to access their web sites, i.e. claiming that you have won a prize, lottery or inherited wealth. Never respond to requests for personal or confidential information via email. When in doubt: Call the institution that claims to have sent you the email. Login to their web site by typing their address at the browser address bar. How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim? Does this sound too good to be true? Who is this person?

21 21 If you suspect the message might not be authentic, don't use the links within the email to get to a web page, the web page can be spoofed. Never fill out forms in email messages that ask for confidential information, you should only communicate confidential information via a secure website. How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim?

22 22 How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim? Always ensure that you're using a secure website when submitting credit card or other sensitive information via your web browser. Check the beginning of the Web address in your browsers address bar - it should be https:// rather than just http:// Look for the locked padlock icon on your browser (IE; Netscape/Mozilla)

23 23 How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim? Never continue to a secure web site that has a problem with its security certificate. Internet browsers do present the user with an error message (example: IE7 message below).

24 24 Regularly check your bank, credit and debit card statements to ensure that all transactions are legitimate and if anything is suspicious, contact your bank and all card issuers Ensure that your browser and OS software is up-to-date and that security patches are applied (Example: MS Outlook signatures of spam e-mails) Ensure antivirus and anti-spyware software is installed and current. How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim?

25 25 Ensure that your browser phishing filter is turned ON. Example: IE7 phishing filter controls. How to Avoid Becoming a Phishing Victim?

26 26 What to do if you Suspect a Phishing e-mail? 1. Stop, never reply, or use any of the URL links embedded in the body, or open attachments, or fill in online forms embedded in the e-mail body. 2. Report to CNS :

27 27 What to do if you Think you were a Victim? 1.If you believe you might have revealed sensitive AUB information or might have revealed information that could be used for identity theft or fraud, contact

28 28 Test your Phishing IQ Check this Website:

29 29 Acknowledgements >Computing and Networking Services team. >Work-Study students: Marwa Abdul Baki Donna Bazzi >Comic strips are reproduced with permission. Please visit for more material. >

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