Presentation on theme: "Sahifa Sajjadiyyah: 3 Du‘as"— Presentation transcript:
1Sahifa Sajjadiyyah: 3 Du‘as ALI 137: Session 6Jamadi II 21, 1429June 25, 2008
2Today’s lesson Discussion on verses 17:26 & 27 The Sahifa confirmed by Al-Mahdi (a)The Sahifa passage 30:4Avoid Israaf under all circumstancesModeration in all aspects of lifeWhere to spend one’s wealth?Other Du‘as on asking relief from debtDiscussion on use of credit cardMore Hadith on taking loan
3Qur’anic aayat 17:26 & 27وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَى حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَلاَ تُبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيراً (26) إِنَّ الْمُبَذِّرِينَ كَانُواْ إِخْوَانَ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِرَبِّهِ كَفُوراً (27)17:26 Give the relatives their [due] right, and the needy and the traveler [as well], but do not squander wastefully.17:27 Indeed the wasteful are brothers of satans, and Satan is ungrateful to his Lord.
4The Sahifa confirmed by al-Mahdi German scholar & Allamah TabatabaiEntering Aqa Hasan's library, Majlisi immediately saw the book he had seen in his dream, so he said: `This is enough for me.' It was a copy of the Sahifa. He then went back to Shaykh Muhammad and began collating his newly acquired copy with that of Shaykh Muhammad; both of them had been made from the manuscript of al-Shahid al-Awwal. In short, Majlisi tells us that the authenticity of his copy of the Sahifa was confirmed by the Mahdi himself. (pp. xxi & xxii)
5The Sahifa passage 30:3O Allah, 1) bless Muhammad and his Household 2) prevent me from extravagance and excess, 3) put me on course of generous spending & moderation 4) teach me excellent distribution, 5) hold me back through Your gentleness from squandering, 6) allow me to attain my provisions through lawful means, 7) direct my spending toward the gateways of devotion, 8) and take away from me any possession which will bring forth i) pride in me, ii) lead to insolence, or iii) drag me in its heels to rebellion!
6Avoid Israaf under all circumstances Meaning of the word israaf & tabdheerPrevent me from extravagance and excess,Qur’anic verses on Israaf:6:141, 7:31, 25:67Hold me back through Your gentleness from squanderingRead a lot about avoiding wastage (if time permits we will look at slides on plastic bags)Encourage your youths to take courses on environment preservation
7Moderation in all aspect 17:29 Do not keep your hand chained to your neck, nor open it all together, or you will sit blameworthy, regretful.Practice moderation in all aspects of life: worship, eating, spending, talking. Moderate nation (2:143)Al-Baqir (a): 3 things ensure deliverance: (i) fearing Allah openly & secretly, (ii) moderation in expenditure in both condition, (iii) say right thing during happiness & anger
8Where to spend the wealth? 2:215 They ask you as to what they should spend. Say, ‘Whatever wealth you spend, let it be for parents, relatives, orphans, the needy, and the traveler.’ And whatever good that you may do, God indeed knows it.Put me on course of generous spending & moderation; teach me excellent distribution; direct my spending toward the gateways of devotionObligatory & recommended ways of spending, Hadith on 24 ways of legal expense (Tuhaf al-Uqul, p. 399)
9Other Du`as asking relief from loan Allahumma agni kulla faqeerAllahumma-qdhi dayna kulli madeenAllahumma-qdhi `annad-dayn, wa agnina minal faqrAllahumma aghnini bi-halalika `an haramika, wa-bifadhlika `amman siwak (story of Shaykh Baha’I p. 68 in Manifestation of All Merciful)I. Ali: debt is slavery & payment is freedom
10Use of credit card Do you see any benefits of using credit cards? Do you agree that certain people should never use credit cards?Getting indebted through the use of credit card is unwise. Why?Has your spending habits changed on account of using credit cards?Discussion on interest paid on credit cards
11More Hadith on loanHoly Prophet (s): Beware of debt, for surely it causes grief during the night and humiliation during the dayImam Ali (a): Excess debt turns the truthful into a liar & one who fufils [his promises] to become unfaithfulAl-Baqir (a): Martyrdom expiates every sin except debt; for it has to be paid off (by debtor) or inheritor or if the creditor forgives it