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Sahifa Sajjadiyyah: 3 Duas ALI 137: Session 6 Jamadi II 21, 1429 June 25, 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Sahifa Sajjadiyyah: 3 Duas ALI 137: Session 6 Jamadi II 21, 1429 June 25, 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sahifa Sajjadiyyah: 3 Duas ALI 137: Session 6 Jamadi II 21, 1429 June 25, 2008

2 Todays lesson Discussion on verses 17:26 & 27 Discussion on verses 17:26 & 27 The Sahifa confirmed by Al-Mahdi (a) The Sahifa confirmed by Al-Mahdi (a) The Sahifa passage 30:4 The Sahifa passage 30:4 Avoid Israaf under all circumstances Avoid Israaf under all circumstances Moderation in all aspects of life Moderation in all aspects of life Where to spend ones wealth? Where to spend ones wealth? Other Duas on asking relief from debt Other Duas on asking relief from debt Discussion on use of credit card Discussion on use of credit card More Hadith on taking loan More Hadith on taking loan

3 Quranic aayat 17:26 & 27 وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَى حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَلاَ تُبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيراً ( 26 ) إِنَّ الْمُبَذِّرِينَ كَانُواْ إِخْوَانَ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِرَبِّهِ كَفُوراً ( 27) وَآتِ ذَا الْقُرْبَى حَقَّهُ وَالْمِسْكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَلاَ تُبَذِّرْ تَبْذِيراً ( 26 ) إِنَّ الْمُبَذِّرِينَ كَانُواْ إِخْوَانَ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَكَانَ الشَّيْطَانُ لِرَبِّهِ كَفُوراً ( 27) 17:26 Give the relatives their [due] right, and the needy and the traveler [as well], but do not squander wastefully. 17:26 Give the relatives their [due] right, and the needy and the traveler [as well], but do not squander wastefully. 17:27 Indeed the wasteful are brothers of satans, and Satan is ungrateful to his Lord. 17:27 Indeed the wasteful are brothers of satans, and Satan is ungrateful to his Lord.

4 The Sahifa confirmed by al-Mahdi German scholar & Allamah Tabatabai German scholar & Allamah Tabatabai Entering Aqa Hasan's library, Majlisi immediately saw the book he had seen in his dream, so he said: `This is enough for me.' It was a copy of the Sahifa. He then went back to Shaykh Muhammad and began collating his newly acquired copy with that of Shaykh Muhammad; both of them had been made from the manuscript of al-Shahid al- Awwal. In short, Majlisi tells us that the authenticity of his copy of the Sahifa was confirmed by the Mahdi himself. (pp. xxi & xxii) Entering Aqa Hasan's library, Majlisi immediately saw the book he had seen in his dream, so he said: `This is enough for me.' It was a copy of the Sahifa. He then went back to Shaykh Muhammad and began collating his newly acquired copy with that of Shaykh Muhammad; both of them had been made from the manuscript of al-Shahid al- Awwal. In short, Majlisi tells us that the authenticity of his copy of the Sahifa was confirmed by the Mahdi himself. (pp. xxi & xxii)

5 The Sahifa passage 30:3 O Allah, 1) bless Muhammad and his Household 2) prevent me from extravagance and excess, 3) put me on course of generous spending & moderation 4) teach me excellent distribution, 5) hold me back through Your gentleness from squandering, 6) allow me to attain my provisions through lawful means, 7) direct my spending toward the gateways of devotion, 8) and take away from me any possession which will bring forth i) pride in me, ii) lead to insolence, or iii) drag me in its heels to rebellion! O Allah, 1) bless Muhammad and his Household 2) prevent me from extravagance and excess, 3) put me on course of generous spending & moderation 4) teach me excellent distribution, 5) hold me back through Your gentleness from squandering, 6) allow me to attain my provisions through lawful means, 7) direct my spending toward the gateways of devotion, 8) and take away from me any possession which will bring forth i) pride in me, ii) lead to insolence, or iii) drag me in its heels to rebellion!

6 Avoid Israaf under all circumstances Meaning of the word israaf & tabdheer Meaning of the word israaf & tabdheer Prevent me from extravagance and excess, Prevent me from extravagance and excess, Quranic verses on Israaf:6:141, 7:31, 25:67 Quranic verses on Israaf:6:141, 7:31, 25:67 Hold me back through Your gentleness from squandering Hold me back through Your gentleness from squandering Read a lot about avoiding wastage (if time permits we will look at slides on plastic bags) Read a lot about avoiding wastage (if time permits we will look at slides on plastic bags) Encourage your youths to take courses on environment preservation Encourage your youths to take courses on environment preservation

7 Moderation in all aspect 17:29 Do not keep your hand chained to your neck, nor open it all together, or you will sit blameworthy, regretful. 17:29 Do not keep your hand chained to your neck, nor open it all together, or you will sit blameworthy, regretful. Practice moderation in all aspects of life: worship, eating, spending, talking. Moderate nation (2:143) Practice moderation in all aspects of life: worship, eating, spending, talking. Moderate nation (2:143) Al-Baqir (a): 3 things ensure deliverance: (i) fearing Allah openly & secretly, (ii) moderation in expenditure in both condition, (iii) say right thing during happiness & anger Al-Baqir (a): 3 things ensure deliverance: (i) fearing Allah openly & secretly, (ii) moderation in expenditure in both condition, (iii) say right thing during happiness & anger

8 Where to spend the wealth? 2:215 They ask you as to what they should spend. Say, Whatever wealth you spend, let it be for parents, relatives, orphans, the needy, and the traveler. And whatever good that you may do, God indeed knows it. 2:215 They ask you as to what they should spend. Say, Whatever wealth you spend, let it be for parents, relatives, orphans, the needy, and the traveler. And whatever good that you may do, God indeed knows it. Put me on course of generous spending & moderation; teach me excellent distribution; direct my spending toward the gateways of devotion Put me on course of generous spending & moderation; teach me excellent distribution; direct my spending toward the gateways of devotion Obligatory & recommended ways of spending, Hadith on 24 ways of legal expense (Tuhaf al-Uqul, p. 399) Obligatory & recommended ways of spending, Hadith on 24 ways of legal expense (Tuhaf al-Uqul, p. 399)

9 Other Du`as asking relief from loan Allahumma agni kulla faqeer Allahumma agni kulla faqeer Allahumma-qdhi dayna kulli madeen Allahumma-qdhi dayna kulli madeen Allahumma-qdhi `annad-dayn, wa agnina minal faqr Allahumma-qdhi `annad-dayn, wa agnina minal faqr Allahumma aghnini bi-halalika `an haramika, wa-bifadhlika `amman siwak (story of Shaykh BahaI p. 68 in Manifestation of All Merciful) Allahumma aghnini bi-halalika `an haramika, wa-bifadhlika `amman siwak (story of Shaykh BahaI p. 68 in Manifestation of All Merciful) I. Ali: debt is slavery & payment is freedom I. Ali: debt is slavery & payment is freedom

10 Use of credit card Do you see any benefits of using credit cards? Do you see any benefits of using credit cards? Do you agree that certain people should never use credit cards? Do you agree that certain people should never use credit cards? Getting indebted through the use of credit card is unwise. Why? Getting indebted through the use of credit card is unwise. Why? Has your spending habits changed on account of using credit cards? Has your spending habits changed on account of using credit cards? Discussion on interest paid on credit cards Discussion on interest paid on credit cards

11 More Hadith on loan Holy Prophet (s): Beware of debt, for surely it causes grief during the night and humiliation during the day Holy Prophet (s): Beware of debt, for surely it causes grief during the night and humiliation during the day Imam Ali (a): Excess debt turns the truthful into a liar & one who fufils [his promises] to become unfaithful Imam Ali (a): Excess debt turns the truthful into a liar & one who fufils [his promises] to become unfaithful Al-Baqir (a): Martyrdom expiates every sin except debt; for it has to be paid off (by debtor) or inheritor or if the creditor forgives it Al-Baqir (a): Martyrdom expiates every sin except debt; for it has to be paid off (by debtor) or inheritor or if the creditor forgives it


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