U.S. Department of State4 1961 Hague Convention Apostille Home Page Text of the Convention Which Countries are Parties? Who are the Competent Authorities? www.hcch.net
U.S. Department of State5 Applies To … Public Documents Birth, Death, Marriage Certificates Documents Issued by a Court or Tribunal Notarial Acts – notarized documents Patents Extracts from Commercial Registers Diplomas
U.S. Department of State6 Apostille Authorities U.S.A. Authentication Officer, Acting Authentication Officer and Assistant Authentication Officer, United States Department of State - http://www.state.gov/m/a/auth/ http://www.state.gov/m/a/auth/ Clerks and Deputy Clerks of Federal Courts of the United States of America - http://www.uscourts.gov/districtcourts.html http://www.uscourts.gov/districtcourts.html State Notary Public Administrators - http://www.nass.org/NPA/us/UnitedStates.htm http://www.nass.org/NPA/us/UnitedStates.htm
U.S. Department of State8 What is a Digital Signature? Digital Signature: A cryptographically computed value that binds the identity of a signatory to the signed document. The resulting signed document is protected against unauthorized modifications and can be used to achieve non-repudiation.
U.S. Department of State9 U.S. Legal Framework Federal Legislation and Directives: Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-SIGN) PDD-63 & President Management Agenda (PMA) State Legislation: Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (UETA)
U.S. Department of State10 International Legal Framework 1961 Hague Apostille Convention 1996 UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce 2001 UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Signatures 2005 UNCITRAL Convention on Electronic Contracting (pending)
U.S. Department of State11 Practical Drivers Easier to detect fraudulent signatures Entire documents are protected cryptographically from tampering Digital signatures are becoming more common U.S. Patent and Trademark Office signs applications Government Agencies currently looking to use digital signatures to save money Others applications sure to follow
U.S. Department of State13 Smart Cards and Keys Digital signature key pair is generated on the card. There is a public key and a private key. The private key never leaves the card. The public key is available to the world. Public key is certified by a certificate. S SALLY B JONES 0012345 12/99 IE Department of State
U.S. Department of State14 Hardware and Software Required to Sign Software –Datakey CIP (card reader software) –Precise drivers –Adobe 7.0 Hardware
U.S. Department of State15 Requirements for Validation eDocument with Digitally Certified eApostille Adobe 7.0 Reader (FREE) Web link to check authorization
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