Presentation on theme: "Bibliography Cards and the Three Kinds of Note Cards Adapted from the MLA Handbook for Writer of Reseach Papers, Sixth Edition &"— Presentation transcript:
Bibliography Cards and the Three Kinds of Note Cards Adapted from the MLA Handbook for Writer of Reseach Papers, Sixth Edition & http://www.eths.k12.il.us/manual_of_form_and_style/bibliography_cards.html
For each source you use in your research, you need one bibliography card, made from an index card. A bibliography card records all the information from a source you will need to make your Works Cited page. The card also contains all of the information required to find the source again, should the need arise. Furthermore, on your bibliography card, you assign each source a unique number, that you will use when you make your note cards from that source. The next slide is just one example of a bibliography card.
2 Campbell, Joseph. Dionysus: His History, Culture, and Worship. New York: Doubleday, 1988. Print. This is the source number, which corresponds to the source number on the bibliography cards. This is the citation information. 809.4 Ca This is the library call number of the source, if it has one. This is where the source was found. Clifton Public Library
Once youve made your bibliography card for a source, you are ready to start taking notes. You should also take your notes on index cards, this time formatted as note cards. There are three different kinds of note cards you should use in your research: summary, paraphrase, and quotation cards.
A summary card records only the general idea of a large amount of material. It is useful if you do not plan on using any specifics from that source. The summary card also has a number on it, which corresponds to the source. The next slide is an example of a summary card.
2 This source relates the history and traditions behind the Greek god Dionysus. Dionysus was the Greek god of wine, fertility, and the theater. The source discusses his origins from several local deities, his important role in Greek culture, and how he had many complex ceremonies related to his worship. He also figures prominently in many Greek myths. This is the source number, which corresponds to the source number on the bibliography cards. The rest of the index card is used for your summary.
When you need more specific information than what is provided by a summary (and you definitely will) you should use a paraphrase card. A paraphrase card contains detailed information from a specific sentence or passage, but in your own words. Again, the paraphrase card also makes use of the source numbers from your bibliography cards, so you can easily match up your information with its source. The next slide is an example of a paraphrase card.
2 Dionysus is a combination of a Greek god and another god from Turkey or another region (12). This is the source number, which corresponds to the source number on the bibliography cards. The rest of the index card is for your paraphrase. The information here is detailed, but NOT a direct quote. Note that I have also included the page of the source where I found this information, as I still would have to cite paraphrased information in my paper.
When you believe a specific sentence or passage in its original words will add to your paper, you should use a quotation card. A quotation card includes a direct quote from the source, as well as the page number on which it was found. Quotation cards are always useful, but become extremely important once you have narrowed down your topic. Of course, the quotation card also uses the source numbers from your bibliography cards, so you can keep track of where each quote originated. The next slide is an example of a quotation card.
1 Dionysus is in fact a fusion of a local Greek nature god, and another more potent god imported rather late in Greek pre-history from Phrygia (the central area of modern day Turkey) or Thrace (12). This is the source number, which corresponds to the source number on the bibliography cards. The rest of the index card is for your direct quote. Be sure to copy the text EXACTLY as it appears in your source. Note that I have also included the page of the source where I found this information, as I will need this information if I decide to use this quote in my paper. I also placed it in quotation marks so I may easily distinguish this card from a paraphrase card.
If I were actually taking notes for a real paper, I would not have taken these three different kinds of note cards on the same piece of information. Instead, I probably would have made only one of these cards, depending on what I thought would be the most useful to me. When you write note cards for your research paper, I do not expect to see three cards containing the same information presented in different ways! However, you will have multiple note cards for each source overall, depending on how much information you find in that source.