1 Procurement Cards - Minimizing Risk, Maximizing Reward Thursday, MayIllinois ASBO 62nd ConferenceRenaissance Hotel & Convention Center
2 SpeakersJim Grammas, Vice President Government Team, BMO Harris Bank N.A., BOE Niles ESD 71 Member since 03/2010 Ronald R. O'Connor, Asst. Dir./Finance, Batavia USD 101. Member since 08/2009 Holly Wallace, Member Relations Specialist, Illinois Association of School Business Officials, BOE DeKalb CUSD 428 Member since 09/2005
3 Session Overview What are p-Cards and how do they operate BOE and the LawHow do school districts use p-CardsThe Illinois ASBO p-Card program
4 What are p-Cards?A Purchasing Card (P‑Card) is a type of Commercial Card that allows organizations to take advantage of the existing credit card infrastructure to make electronic payments for a variety of business expenses (e.g., goods and services). In the simplest terms, a P-Card is a charge card, similar to a consumer credit card. However, the card-using organization must pay the card issuer in full each month, at a minimum. P-Cards are also known as Procurement Cards (ProCards), Payment Cards, Purchase Cards or similar terms.
5 Who Uses P-Cards?Organizations that use P-Cards come from the Corporate, Education and Government sectors and are often called "end-users." The individual employees who are issued a P-Card to initiate transactions/payments on behalf of their employer (the end-user organization) are known as "cardholders."
6 What Does A P-Card Look Like? P‑Cards are not limited to plastic cards; they can also take the form of non-plastic account numbers. The term "card" is typically used within the industry when describing any type of Commercial Card product, regardless of whether or not a plastic card is issued.
7 Types of p-CardsPersonalized CardDepartment CardGhost Card
8 Other Types of Commercial Cards P‑Cards are just one category of Commercial Card. Other Commercial Card products include the following. Each is intended to address different types of purchases and/or spend categories.Corporate Card – commonly used by organizations for employee travel and entertainment (T&E) expenses; also referred to as a Travel CardOne Card – a single charge card that combines procurement with T&E and, in some cases, fleet chargesFleet Card – a card product used by organizations to pay for fuel, maintenance, repair and related expenses on company vehiclesPrepaid Card – debit-based card, allowing the user to pay now versus later, as the card transaction amounts are deducted from a funded account; for example, a Payroll Card "loaded" with an employee's earned wages Declining Balance Card – a card that typically does not require a pre-funded account; a spending limit and/or expiration date are established up-front, giving it a specific "shelf life" to accommodate a specific project budget or spend allowance; for example, a Meeting Card Business Card – a credit card targeted for smaller businesses (in lieu of a P-Card), commonly used for a variety of expense types (e.g., goods, services, travel, etc.); the end-user organization may be allowed to carry a balance
9 Why Use p-Cards? The traditional procure-to-pay process is costly The transactional, or process cost, of using a traditional procure-to-pay process—often involving a requisition, purchase order, invoice and check payment—is the same regardless of the dollar amount of the purchase. In other words, the process cost of a $25 purchase is the same as a $10,000 purchase. Often, the process cost exceeds the value of the item being acquired (e.g., the cost to acquire a $25 wrench may exceed $100). Estimates of the process cost of the traditional process range from $50 to $200.
10 Why Use p-Cards? A P-Card program simplifies the process Most organizations recognize that a large number of check payments are made for low-value items to a large number of suppliers—a costly, inefficient process. When the payment method is switched from the traditional process to a Purchasing Card process, efficiency savings range from 55% to 80% of the traditional process cost.
11 Why Use p-Cards?Overall, P-Cards provide a means for streamlining the procure-to-pay process, allowing organizations to procure goods and services in a timely manner, reduce transaction costs, track expenses, take advantage of supplier discounts, reduce or redirect staff in the purchasing and/or accounts payable departments, reduce or eliminate petty cash, and more. Originally, P-Cards were targeted for these low-value transactions, but their use has expanded as the industry has grown
12 p-Cards Also Benefit Suppliers Suppliers that accept P-Cards for payment can reap considerable benefits to outweigh the costs related to card acceptance. Benefits include:cost reductions, such as eliminating invoice creation, handling and mailing; depositing payments and collection activitieselectronically deposited fundsfaster receipt of payments and improved cash flowincreased sales, as many organizations solicit only suppliers that accept P-Cards as paymentcustomer satisfactionpotential staff reductions within accounts receivable and the ability to redirect staff to more value-added activities
13 The p-Card Process and Key Players Purchasing Cards (P-Cards) or non-plastic account numbers are issued to employees (i.e., cardholders) responsible for making purchases or payments on behalf of their employer; for example, cardholders can order and pay for office supplies via a supplier’s website. Suppliers accept P-Cards for payment, utilizing the existing credit card infrastructure for payment processing. Transaction data is captured by a supplier’s point-of-sale (POS) system and transmitted through the card network
14 Customer-Defined Code The level of transmitted data depends on the supplier’s process and technology systems; data levels include:DateSupplierTransaction AmountSales TaxCustomer-Defined CodeLine-Item DetailLevel I StandardXLevel II Variable DataLevel III Detailed Data
15 The p-Card Process and Key Players In addition to cardholders and suppliers, other parties are involved with the P-Card payment process:Issuers work directly with end-users to implement and grow programs, issue cards and invoice posted P‑Card transactions. The issuer uses the services of the networks and processors to facilitate card issuance, authorize transactions and provide data. Many financial institutions are issuers. Issuers are sometimes referred to as card "providers."Merchant acquirers enroll suppliers in the card acceptance process and implement equipment and software solutions related to this purpose. In addition, they facilitate payment flow, including payment to suppliers. A merchant acquirer is sometimes referred to as a supplier’s bank.Networks facilitate the movement of transactional data between the issuer and merchant acquirer and set the rules pertaining to card acceptance by suppliers. Organizations in this role include Visa, MasterCard and American Express. (Note: American Express also assumes the roles of issuer and merchant acquirer.) Networks are sometimes referred to as "associations" (an outdated term) or the card brand.Processors provide various services to card issuers and merchant acquirers, which may include card production, statement printing, authorization and data delivery.
16 How P-Cards Work The card issuer typically provides a single electronic invoice to the end-user organization—at a minimum of once per month—reflecting all cardholders and their respective P-Card transaction totals plus a grand total. An organization does not carry a balance, instead paying its card issuer in full (at a minimum of one payment per month) for all cardholders’ transactions. The organization processes the invoice, creating accounting entries and facilitating payment to the card issuer.
17 How p-Cards WorkWith P‑Cards, the end-user organization assumes liability for payment—the cardholder neither owes the card issuer nor makes payments. However, cardholders are expected to follow their organization’s policies and procedures related to P-Card use, including reviewing and approving transactions according to a set schedule (at least once per month). The organization can implement a variety of controls for each P-Card; for example, a single-purchase dollar limit, a monthly limit, Merchant Category Code (MCC) restrictions and so on. In addition, a cardholder’s P-Card activity should be reviewed periodically by someone independent of the cardholder.
18 Board of Education and the Law Illinois School Code 23: SectionIf a school board has obtained and issued credit cards or procurement cards for the use of board members, the superintendent, or other district employees or officials to pay certain job-related expenses or to make purchases on behalf of the board or district or any student activity funds, or for purposes that would otherwise be addressed through a conventional revolving fund, then the board shall adopt a written credit card policy that at least:
19 1)identifies the allowable types of purchases; 2) provides for the issuing bank to block the cards’ use at unapproved merchants;3) limits the amount a card-holder can charge in a single purchase or within a given month;4) provides specific guidelines on purchases via telephone, fax, and the Internet;5) indicates the consequences for unauthorized purchases;6) requires card-holders to sign a statement affirming that they are familiar with the board’s credit card policy;7) requires review and approval of purchases by someone other than the card-holder or user;8) requires submission of original receipts to document purchases;9) forbids the use of a card to make purchases in a manner contrary to the requirements of Section of the School Code [105 ILCS 5/ ]; and10) indicates how financial or material rewards or rebates are to be accounted for and treated.
20 Other Legal Requirements Statement of Affairs1099 ReportingTax Deferred PurchasesBoard Approval to enter into Contract
21 BOE Expectations Compliance with Law Cost to Run Program Controls AvailableChecks and Balances in PlacePolicy and Procedural ManualsReportingEase of Use
22 Policy and Procedure Manual Policies and procedures for usePolicies and procedures for MISuseParts can be individualizedSamples of paperworkTutorials
23 Ideas Overview of program How to obtain a card Guidelines for us How to process card useConsequencesSamples of paperwork
24 Check List To Start A Program Discussion with Superintendent/Board/Bus. OfficeResearch available programsDevelop Procedure ManualPresent to Board for ApprovalApplication/Implementation
25 Start Up! Start with a pilot group – start small Re-evaluate procedure Increase card UseRe-evaluate program
26 Ideas for Growing Your Program Analyze your spending habitsLook at your check registryGet cards into the people who are doing the spendingSecretariesBuildings and Grounds/MaintenanceHigh School DepartmentsLook at your big purchasesEnergyTransportationFoodBooksTechnologyManage Your Program
27 How the p-Cards work in Batavia Background700+ employees, 100 Procurement CardsWide array of limitsMajority of transactions from B&G$70,000-$90,000 on average per monthSupervisory systems in place
28 Obtaining A P-Card Supervisor recommendation LimitUnderstanding through discussion/videoTrainingWhat constitutes a legitimate purpose?Signing agreementExplanation of receiptsDescription
29 Purchase Process Approved by supervisor? Receipts (Itemized, tax-free) Supervisors (vendor, date of purchase, time, items purchased, price, tax? Initial if OK)Details Online
33 Advantages of an Association Sponsored Program Single ContractCreates a user group/support networkNegotiation cloutDue diligence costs eliminatedNo CostsNo FeesNo Charges
34 Only 3 Possible costs to participating school Late feeATM Charge – IF cash advance option is selectedInterest owed on any cash advance
35 Billing Cycle Requirements School District may choose a billing cycle cut-off of the 5th or the 20th.Payment is due at Harris Bank within chosen grace (7,14,21 or 27) days of billing cycle cut-off.
36 Customized Card design can display: Card holder nameSchool District name and number and/orTax ID2 Lines of text per cardDepartment CardsGhost Cards
37 Specific card use parameters can be established for each card Transaction limits per chargeMonthly limitsPreferred Supplier Restriction
38 Billing and Payment Monthly Billing Statements Available online Payment MethodsAutomated Clearing HouseCheck
39 Benefits of a p-Card Program Easier on Accounts PayableSubmit one monthly payment vs. multiple payments to multiple vendorsReduction in paperworkFraud prevention and protection through the Bank and MasterCardDetailed reporting available 24 x 7Easy online administration and dedicated customer supportControl on spending limits and accepted vendors
40 More Information www.illinois-pcard.com. For information, application documents, tutorials and other tools, please visit: