Presentation on theme: "Fuel Card Fraud Analysis A real example of how an employee allegedly stole from the Colorado Department of Transportation."— Presentation transcript:
Fuel Card Fraud Analysis A real example of how an employee allegedly stole from the Colorado Department of Transportation.
Presenters Reza AkhavanCDOT Regional Transportation Director for Region 6 (Denver) Sabrina HicksCDOT Employee Relations/Legal Agent Tim MartinezColorado Bureau of Investigations Agent Ralph GagliardiColorado Bureau of Investigations Joe MoralesDenver Chief Deputy District Attorney
Background-Fuel Cards Fuel Cards are assigned to specific vehicles. Each employee has a unique 4-Digit PIN number that they are required to enter at the fuel pump. Employees were not required to reconcile fuel charges. Most employees did not keep receipts when making fuel purchases. Fuel charges were monitored at a high-level, by comparing actual charges to budgeted amount. CDOT Vehicles include all maintenance vehicles. State Fleet Vehicles include all motor pool vehicles. Separate accounts for State Fleet and CDOT vehicles.
Background--Region 6 Covers the greater Denver metro area. Maintains 3,850 number of road miles. Has approximately 247 number of Maintenance Workers. Spends approximately $1,220,700 on fuel annually.
How Region 6 Discovered The Fraud June/July 2009 Region 6 received a new tandem/axel truck. Maintenance employees contacted supervisor asking where the fuel card for the new vehicle was. Supervisor knew the fuel card was already put into the vehicle, so Supervisor started checking the activity on the card. Supervisor noted the card had approximately $8,000 worth of charges. Supervisor cancelled the card and issued a new card to the vehicle.
How Region 6 Discovered The Fraud July/August 2009 Following the incident, Supervisor started reviewing how fuel cards were working. Supervisor noticed various abnormalities 1.Incorrect card associated with vehicle 2.One card used to fuel multiple vehicles 3.People sharing PIN numbers Supervisors worked with employees to correct behavior.
How Region 6 Discovered The Fraud January 2010 State Fleet notified CDOT regarding one specific PIN being used for too many charges on a State Fleet Vehicle (non- maintenance vehicle). CDOT Fuel Card Administrator notified Regions of this issue. Region 6 Supervisor started reviewing Region 6 Maintenance fuel purchases and noticed several transactions for purchases in excess of 100 gallons. Region 6 Supervisor noticed a trendonly certain cards were being used for purchases in excess of 100 gallons. Region 6 contacted CDOT Employee Relations/Legal.
CDOT Employee Relations/Legal When Employee Relations/Legal (ER/L) was contacted by the Region, ER/L staff coordinated with the Region to form an initial plan of action. This included: Contacting internal CDOT Audit Contacting the CBI Coordinating a meeting with Audit and CBI to present information and assign duties specific to ER/L, Audit, the Region, and CBI Contacting upper CDOT management to advise of issue and need for investigation and continuing this as needed Contacting CDOT Public Relations to provide a heads up regarding potential media concerns Contacting the Office of the Attorney General regarding potential (and eventual) issue of employee participation in the commission of a crime.
Colorado Bureau of Investigation Agent Tim Martinez, CFE Agent-in-Charge Ralph Gagliardi, CFE CDOT Fuel Theft Investigating Case Agents
Colorado Bureau of Investigation February 10, Colorado Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was contacted by the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) regarding a diesel fuel theft. CDOT supervisor discovered Suspicious fuel card purchases CDOT had multiple vehicles (fuel cards) being used including dump trucks and other equipment like a hand compactor. CDOT had information (from gas station video) indicating suspect(s) were utilizing a white truck with an auxiliary fuel tank mounted on its bed – not a CDOT vehicle.
CDOT Provided Information to CBI Fuel card and procedural information. Spreadsheets indicative of what CDOT had learned thus far relative to the fuel theft. The spreadsheets included: Dates, times, amounts, locations of purchase, equipment numbers the particular fuel card(s) were assigned to as well as their various CDOT Regions (i.e. card or equipment assigned to Denver Metro area or other outlying regions.) Approximately $40,000 a month being lost in fraudulent fuel purchases – from approximately January 2009.
CDOT Provided Information to CBI CDOT spreadsheets used to indentify suspects (very helpful). They allowed investigators to know: When / where Patterns of suspect(s) Amounts purchased Collect surveillance video from other fuel purchases
Partnerships Developed Partnerships needed to be made in order to be successful in apprehending those responsible. CDOT Auditors, state fleet, administration Wright Express Fuel credit card issuer – Had real time data District Attorneys Office - Denver DAs Office Find the right judicial district that could prosecute and assist with the investigation
March 1, 2010 – Pretext traffic stop of suspect vehicle Utilizing patterns of the suspect(s) from spreadsheets, CBI surveilled one such Frequent stop and identified a white flatbed truck with external fuel tanks. Denver PD assisted with a PRETEXT Traffic Stop. External Fuel Tank
Pretext Traffic Stop Identified: J. Asuncion Aguirre-Barron Fernando Ibarra-Gonzalez,
Residence of - J. Asuncion Aguirre-Barron & Fernando Ibarra-Gonzalez Raleigh Street – Westminster CO Fuel truck
Surveillance of Suspects CBI surveilled the suspects and developed their routine in an attempt to identify the CDOT link. Suspects purchase thousands of gallons of diesel fuel at numerous metro area gas stations. Start fuel purchases at 10am and end at around 10pm - on most week days. Suspects(s) off loaded fuel at multiple locations and into multiple semi trucks parked at truck stops.
March 4, 2010 – Suspects purchasing and offloading fuel
CDOT Fuel Card Example Red colored State Seal Embossed Front Magnetic stripe & printing on reverse side
Surveillance captures credit card used March 8, 2010 – Surveillance captures Blue hand written numbers noted on card Typical CDOT card! Blue Writing on Card Blank / White Credit Card
Video of Suspect utilizing credit card
Surveillance led to CDOT Employee Brewer Street in Northglenn Jaime Perez March 8, 2010 – Surveillance leads to CDOT employee meeting with suspect
Surveillance of CDOT Employee March 12, 2010 – Suspects meet CDOT employee with credit card in hand. Credit Card in Hand Reverside side of typical CDOT Card
Arrest & Search Warrants March 25, 2010 CBI, Denver District Attorneys Investigator and ICE Agents execute several arrest & search warrants for suspects, their respective residences and vehicles. Evidence collected in the search warrants included: White credit cards (blank) PIN #s – related to CDOT fuel cards Cash Receipts – related to diesel fuel purchases with Wright Express credit cards Credit Card Skimmer Computers
Seized during Search Warrant Blue Writing on Blank Credit Card PIN Numbers
Search Warrant Credit Card Skimmer / Mag Stripe Reader attacheded to Lap Top
Criminal Charges Suspects charged with crimes including: Colorado Organized Crime Control Act (COCCA) Theft Conspiracy Embezzlement of Public Property Computer Crime Unauthorized Use of Financial Transaction Device
Video of Interview of CDOT Suspect
Questions ? Agent Tim Martinez Agent-in-Charge Ralph Gagliardi
Denver District Attorney Mr. Morales
Total Dollar Loss In the end, one CDOT employee and two outside individuals are charged with stealing approximately $451,816 in the course of one year (March 2009-March 2010). Luckily, CDOT recovered all but $1,000 from the States insurance policy.
Improved Internal Controls Implement improved Wright Express Platform that will offer better reporting capabilities of fuel purchases. Implement 6-Digit PIN numbers instead of 4-Digit PIN numbers. Limit the number of employees with a PIN number. Implement guest PINs if employee needs to take a car on a limited basis. Region 6 has piloted a process for reconciling fuel charges. This process will be rolled out to include all CDOT fuel purchases.
Fuel Reconciliation TM Is keep a fuel log of all fuel purchased during the week. Receipts are stapled to this log. TM IIIs review the log to determine if all receipts are included and if purchases seem reasonable. On a monthly basis, TM-IIIs receive report out of Wright Express with all fuel purchases made by their staff during the month. TM IIIs reconcile report to the fuel logs. Documentation kept for 6 months. If the reports reconcile, the TM III sends an to the LTC Ops stating the review has been completed and no issues were noted.
Fuel Reconciliation--Continued If reports do not reconcile, TM III investigates further LTC Ops selects a random sample of transactions and verifies the reconciliation occurred and reviews supporting documentation. LTC Ops notifies Maintenance Superintendent that the reconciliation has been completed.
Other Fuel Fraud Schemes ID Theft & Credit Card Fraud Obtain credit card numbers for fuel purchases Armenian and Cuban Groups Highly sophisticated Hidden auxiliary fuel tanks in ¾ ton trucks Awareness for Law Enforcement and Financial Fraud Groups
Vehicles and Equipment Used
Hidden Fuel Tank 500 gallons
Vehicles and Equipment Used Hidden switch for fuel tank pump.
Vehicles and Equipment Used 500 Gallon fuel tank hidden under tarp.