Presentation on theme: "Souleymane DIOUF – CARD Consultant"— Presentation transcript:
1Souleymane DIOUF – CARD Consultant COALITION FOR AFRICAN RICE DEVELOPMENT (CARD) WORKSHOP ON NRDS OF SECOND GROUP OF COUNTRIESBRIEFING ON POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS (PRSPs), SECTOR-BASED STRATEGIES AND COMPREHENSIVE AFRICA AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (CAADP) AND HOW THEY RELATE TO RICESouleymane DIOUF – CARD ConsultantAFRICA Rice CenterCotonou, BENIN 05 – 09 June 2010
2OUTLINEIntroduction: (i) objective, (ii) diversity of the constituents of the rice value chains, (iii) impo & (iv) Composition of the first group of countriesMain characteristic features of the PSRPs and status of rice in PSRPsSector-based strategies (SBS) and status of rice in SBSLinkages between rice and CAADPConclusion
3I.INTRODUCTION1.1. Objective of the presentationTo show the importance of the mapping of PSRPs, sector- based strategies and CAADP = assessment of the place of rice and to take required orientations /actions for regarding rice development.
4I.INTRODUCTION1.2. Diversity of the constituents of the rice value chainsThe constituents of the rice value chains are upstream and downstream to the production.= In other terms, they are factors which influence rice at the various stages , ie from the farm to the market.These factors are taken care by various stakeholders and are related to many issues such as agricultural inputs, infrastructures, credit access, research…..etc. (See the SIEM)Classification of factors can be done as following :(i) Factors which belong to the operational domain (all investments facilitating the whole rice value chains improvement and including the human resources) :(ii) Factors enabling the environment
5I.INTRODUCTION Factors which belong to the operational domain Agricultural inputs : Seeds, Fertilizers, Pesticides, Equipment for harvest & post harvest…etc.)Infrastructures : Roads, Feeder roads, Building or / and Rehabilitation of irrigation infrastructures…etc.)Financial issues : Credit AccessHuman resources : Researchers and Technicians, Specialists of extension, needed capacity building of all stakeholders.
6I.INTRODUCTION (ii) Factors enabling the environment : Policies issues : Input subsidies, Decentralisation, Liberalisation, taxes, Credit Guarantee …etc.Institutional issues : Relations between the different stakeholders (existing institutions or institutions to put in place).Regulatory framework : Inputs quality control, Reform on land management, Land tenure security, Micro-finance regulation…etc.
7I.INTRODUCTION Composition of the first group of countries : A first group of pilot countries was selected in 2009: Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea Conakry, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Uganda to develop National Rice Development Strategies (NRDS)Study involved eight (8) countries: Cameroon, Guinea Conakry, Madagascar, Mozambique, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and UgandaGhana, Kenya, Mali and Nigeria should have been included but were left out due to difficulties in recruiting national consultants
8II. Main Characteristic Features of the PSRPs and Status of Rice in PSRPs Framework of reference and orientation for the whole economic and social development(ii) Generation : Most of the countries are currently running their second generation of PRSPs and some countries will have next year their 3rd, generation of PRSPs.(iii) Duration : For the 8 countries of the first group, it varies between countries: 4 years, 5 years and 10 years. Only Cameroon has 10 years
9II. Main Characteristic Features of the PSRPs and Status of Rice in PSRPs No specific mention of rice, but they cover common factors such as food security, improvement of agricultural production, feeder roads, irrigation etc.ExamplesTanzania : household food securityCameroon: input accessibility, technological innovations accessibility and development of products value chains.Senegal : access to rural credit, agricultural insurance, input subsidies and creation of a green BankUganda: improvement of agricultural productionMozambique: empowering farmers to increase their productivity
10III. Sector-Based Strategies and Status of Rice The sector-based strategies = Public policies elaborated both by the Ministry in charge of agriculture and the other key line Ministries and / or other institutions in charge of issues related to rice value chains such as:roads, feeder roads,irrigation infrastructures,finance, credit access,incentives for agricultural products marketing,cross-cutting issues like decentralization and private sector developmentThe diversity of the constituents of the rice value chains shows the variety of stakeholders and thus should allow seeing what is necessary to be done in terms of activities and instruments for its improvement.……..Thus, in each country, in addition to the Ministry of Agriculture, many other line Ministries / institutions have strategies that relate to rice-value chains
11III. Sector-Based Strategies The report on the 8 countries of the first group lists strategies + hosting line Ministries / institutions.Example of TanzaniaSeven institutions have relevant strategies for rice development1) Ministry in charge of Agriculture : (i) Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS), (ii) Kilimo Kwanza (Green Revolution) Initiative (including rice)2) Ministry in charge of Finance, Planning and Economy : (i) PRSP, (ii) MDGs.3) Ministry in charge of Trade and Marketing : (i) Agricultural Marketing Policy (AMP), (ii) Agricultural Marketing Development Strategy (AMDS) which is in draft for implementation .
12III. Sector-Based Strategies : Example of Tanzania 4) District Irrigation Development Fund (DIDF): On-going at district level. 5) National Irrigation Development Fund (NIDF): On-going at national level. 6) Bank of Tanzania : (i) Micro-finance Policy at national level and (ii) Agriculture Financing and Insurance Schemes: on-going since 2005 at national level. 7) Prime Minister Office (Regional Administration and Local Governments): Strategy related to the District Agricultural Development Plans (DAPs) at district level The DAPs provide the planning and implementation platform for decentralizing public programs and services under the on-going Local Government Reform Program and under the responsibility of Local Government Authorities (LGAs).
133.2. Status of Rice in Sector-based strategies The determination of the status of rice in sector-based strategies will depend on how far they are tackling factors which influence the rice development.----- Thus, the issue is to identify the relevant sector-based strategies dealing with rice from the production to the market (the whole rice value chains).
14IV. Linkages between Rice and CAADP Objectives of CAADPTo attain an average annual growth rate of 6% in agriculture.4.4% growth in agricultural total factor productivityA key commitment by African HSGs to CAADP is theallocation of at least 10% of their national budgets toagriculture.
15IV. Linkages between Rice and CAADP Base of CAADP:CAADP encourages investments in agriculture in four mutually reinforcing priority areas (pillars):Improving land and water management (Pillar I)Improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for improved market access (Pillar II)Increasing food supply and reducing hunger (Pillar III)Agricultural research, technology dissemination and adoption (Pillar IV)Cross cutting issues:Institutional and human capacity buildingHIV/AIDs.
16IV. Linkages between Rice and CAADP Evidence of linkages with regard to CARD Objectives :(i) Double rice production in Africa from 14 to 28 million tons within 10years and(ii) Contribute to increased incomes and food security for rural people involved in the rice value chain, from production to end useAchieving CARD objectives (rice development) requires interventions in all four Pillars of CAADP e.g.Doubling rice production means increasing the productivity of rice through appropriate land and water management (CAADP Pillar I) and development and dissemination of improved technologies (CAADP Pillar IV)Enhancing rice value chains for increased incomes and food security requires improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for market access (CAADP Pillar II) and increasing food supply and reducing hunger (CAADP Pillar III)
17IV. Linkages between Rice and CAADP How to align NRDS to the CAADP?Applying the principles of the Framework for African Agricultural Productivity (FAAP)FAAPArticulates the essential ingredients needed for the evolution of African national agricultural productivity programmesProvides the guiding principles to make the required changes (e.g. farmer empowerment, catalyzing pragmatic agricultural research, and revitalization of extension services)Highlights the need for increased investment in agricultural productivity and spells out how such funding should be made availableAdvocates for harmonization of Africa’s own resources with contributions from development partners
18IV. Linkages between Rice and CAADP How to align NRDS to the CAADP?2. Linking Rice sub-sector policies investment programmes, etc to national agriculture development policies/strategies3. Embeding the objectives and strategies of the Rice sub-sectorCAADP Country Process (NAIP)CAADP Compact
19V. ConclusionImportance of strategies : Issues treated in strategies are important as far as they can be declined in programs / projects to be funded. So, very important to be aware of their cycle.The Rice Development as specified by CARD objective to double rice production in Africa from 14 to 28 million tons within 10 years fits quite well with the CAADP objective of achieving a 6% annual growth of agriculture in Africa.Since CAADP provides the vision and strategic framework fordeveloping Africa’s agriculture sector, it is imperative that NRDS CARD be a component of the CAADP country action plan in order to capitalize on the synergies and complementarities provided by each of the four CAADP Pillars .
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