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KNF Pocket Card 20021 Klamath NF Pocket Cards Fire Season 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "KNF Pocket Card 20021 Klamath NF Pocket Cards Fire Season 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 KNF Pocket Card Klamath NF Pocket Cards Fire Season 2002

2 KNF Pocket Card Why Pocket Cards? In response to the Thirtymile Accident Prevention Plan the Chief of the Forest Service directed that each fireline supervisor will be issued a pocket card for the fuel types on their home unit Additionally, fireline supervisors will be issued a pocket card before deployment on assignment by the receiving unit

3 KNF Pocket Card Why Pocket Cards? (Cont.) Pocket Cards are intended to enhance firefighter Situational Awareness through: –Relating current conditions to historical thresholds of fire danger In both familiar and unfamiliar firegrounds –Visualizing measurements of fire danger indicators and relationships

4 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements Pocket Cards display – –Location

5 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Upper Left Corner: –A graph of highest recorded data, as well as –A graph of average recorded data –For a specific Fire Danger Indicator –For a specific Fuel Model

6 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Lower Left Corner: –A graph of two memorable years –References to wildfires of note –For the Fire Danger Indicator in question

7 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Upper Right Corner: –Weather Station Information –Graph explanations –Local thresholds of observed and calculated Fire Danger indicators which should be available to all firefighters –In this case: 20 Windspeed Relative humidity Air Temperature 1000 hr Fuel Moisture

8 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Lower Right Corner: –An explanation of BI and what to look out for – Notes on past experience

9 KNF Pocket Card KNF Westside Fire Danger Key Points - KNF Fire Danger Rating Areas 200 and 202 NFDRS indices from 4 fire weather stations are compiled and stored by WIMS : –Slater Butte (High Elevation) –Somes Bar (Low Elevation) –Sawyers Bar (Low Elevation) –Blue Ridge Lookout (New High Elevation station) With use of Fire Family Plus software correlations were made between occurrences of 100 acre fires and various WIMS outputs

10 KNF Pocket Card KNF Westside Fire Danger Key Points (cont) acre fires start showing up at when Burning Index (BI) exceed 60 (62 nd percentile) Correlations between Energy Release Component above 65 and large fires We used weather from the lower river canyon stations for the following: Wind speeds exceeding 7mph Relative humidities below 25% correlate with large fires Maximum daily air temperatures above 89 indicate large fire possibilites

11 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements Pocket Cards display – –Location

12 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Upper Left Corner: –A graph of highest recorded data, as well as –A graph of average recorded data –For a specific Fire Danger Indicator –For a specific Fuel Model

13 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Lower Left Corner: –A graph of two memorable years –References to wildfires of note –For the Fire Danger Indicator in question

14 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Upper Right Corner: –Weather Station Information –Graph explanations –Local thresholds of observed and calculated Fire Danger indicators which should be available to all firefighters In this case: –20 Windspeed –Relative humidity –Air Temperature –1000 hr Fuel Moisture

15 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Lower Right Corner: –An explanation of BI and what to look out for – Notes on past experience

16 KNF Pocket Card KNF Central Fire Danger Key Points - KNF Fire Danger Rating Areas 204 and 208 NFDRS indices from 3 fire weather stations are compiled and stored by WIMS : –Collins Baldy (High Elevation) –Oak Knoll (Low Elevation) –Callahan (Low Elevation) With use of Fire Family Plus software correlations were made between occurrences of100 acre fires and various WIMS outputs

17 KNF Pocket Card KNF Central Fire Danger Key Points (cont) acre fires start showing up at when Burning Index (BI) exceed 55 (81 st percentile) Correlations between Energy Release Component above 60 Local thresholds reflect observations from Scott River valley and Oak Knoll locations: Wind speeds exceeding 8mph Relative humidities below 20% correlate with large fires Maximum daily air temperatures above 90 indicate large fire possibilities

18 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements Pocket Cards display – –Location

19 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Upper Left Corner: –A graph of highest recorded data, as well as –A graph of average recorded data –For a specific Fire Danger Indicator –For a specific Fuel Model

20 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Lower Left Corner: –A graph of two memorable years –References to wildfires of note –For the Fire Danger Indicator in question

21 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Upper Right Corner: –Weather Station Information –Graph explanations –Local thresholds of observed and calculated Fire Danger indicators which should be available to all firefighters In this case: –20 Windspeed –Relative humidity –Air Temperature –1000 hr Fuel Moisture

22 KNF Pocket Card Pocket Card Elements (cont.) Pocket Cards display – –In the Lower Right Corner: –An explanation of BI and what to look out for – Notes on past experience

23 KNF Pocket Card KNF East Fire Danger Key Points - Fire Danger Rating Area 220 NFDRS indices from 2 RAWS weather stations are compiled and stored by WIMS : –Van Bremer –Juanita With use of Fire Family Plus software correlations were made between occurrences of100 acre fires and various WIMS outputs

24 KNF Pocket Card KNF East Fire Danger Key Points (cont) acre become more frequent when the Burning Index (BI) exceeds 50 (55 th percentile) Correlations between Energy Release Component above 50 Local thresholds reflect weather observations on large fire days from the mountains to the west and east overlooking Butte Valley Late afternoon wind speeds frequently exceed MPH, leading to large fire growth. Winds from the south, southwest and west are of concern Relative humidities below 20% correlate with large fires Maximum daily air temperatures above 80 indicate large fire possibilities

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