Presentation on theme: "Our work is composed by one PowerPoint file in which we collected some typical Italian recipes. Apart from this, we have filmed a video in which the preparation."— Presentation transcript:
Our work is composed by one PowerPoint file in which we collected some typical Italian recipes. Apart from this, we have filmed a video in which the preparation of «Pasta e Fagioli», a typical dish of our region, is indicated. For a better organization we have divided the whole class into 5 groups, each of which has realized the file with these recipes: Pizza, Lasagne alla Bolognese, Seppie in Umido, Pasta alla Carbonara and Tiramisù. At the end of our work we have included one video that was filmed and soon after edited by some students of our school and a short presentation of Dieta Mediterranea.
Time: 180 min. The origin of this recipe goes back to the age of Queen Margherita of Savoia, when in 1889 the pizza was made to represent the Italian flag with tomato sauce, mozzarella and basil. This type of pizza was inspired by others before as the calzone or marinara. Other studies claim that the pizza was inspired by the "daisy flower" because the melted mozzarella was placed on the tomato sauce. The origin of this recipe goes back to the age of Queen Margherita of Savoia, when in 1889 the pizza was made to represent the Italian flag with tomato sauce, mozzarella and basil. This type of pizza was inspired by others before as the calzone or marinara. Other studies claim that the pizza was inspired by the "daisy flower" because the melted mozzarella was placed on the tomato sauce.
For pasta: For pasta: 500g flour 00 500g flour 00 25g brewer's yeast 25g brewer's yeast salt salt For mixture: For mixture: 300g mozzarella 300g mozzarella 300g tomato sauce 300g tomato sauce 50ml olive oil 50ml olive oil A basil twig A basil twig 20g flour 20g flour salt salt
1. Melt the brewer's yeast in 1/2 cup of warm water. Add the flour and mix to get a homogeneous mixture. Cover the mixture with a cloth and keep it in a warm place for 30 minutes, put flour on a work surface, spill the dissolved yeast in the center of it and add a piece of salt. Then gradually pour a glass of warm water, and begin to knead. 2. Knead the dough until it becomes a soft and supple ball and place it into a bowl. Cover with a cloth and let it rise for 2 hours in a warm place.
3. Work the dough just for a little while on a work surface dusted with flour until you get a sheet of half inch thick. Transfer it to a lightly greased baking sheet with olive oil, finally reinforced edges. Pour over the tomato sauce. Slice the mozzarella into cubes. Spread the tomatoes on the pizza, salt, place the mozzarella and drizzle with extra virgin olive oil. Bring the oven to 250 ° C, bake the pizza and cook it for 15-20 minutes. 4. Remove from the oven, garnish with washed and dried basil leaves and serve hot. For a good preparation 5 minutes before the end of cooking, add the mozzarella.
Mozzarella: a typical italian cheese. Mozzarella: a typical italian cheese. Basil: an aromatic plant. Basil: an aromatic plant. Calzone: a roll of pizza. Calzone: a roll of pizza. Marinara: pizza with aglio and tomato without mozzarella. Marinara: pizza with aglio and tomato without mozzarella.
Cooking time: 40 minutes Preparation: portion for 6 persons Preparation time: 70 minutes Originally «the lasagne alla bolognese» have their roots in the Roman age. In that period, the lasagne were into squares, they were cooked in a pot and seasoned with vegetables and cheese. It was called lasana, or lasanum, in Latin. These terms came from Greek laganon, that means big sheet and plate of pasta cut into stripes. This type of pasta became known as lasagna after 1000 d.C. In the XIV century, Franceso Zambrini discovered that stripes of pasta could be assembled with cheese. In 900, «the lasagne» was a popular dish because the bolognese resturants started to serve it to customers. The lasagne is not known only in Bologna, now this dish is known all over the world and it is a symbol of Italy.
FOR LASAGNE: 300g of flour 00; 2 eggs; To make green lasagne put in 150g of spinach or nettles; FOR BOLOGNESE RAGU: 300g of lean beef mince twice; 150g of mince bacon; 150g of sausages; 100g of ham; 250g of tomato sauce; A teaspoon of tomato paste; 70g of celery; A carrot; 150g of white or yellow onions; A glass of white wine; 20 g of butter; 6 spoons of extra virgin olive oil;
For green lasagne: Clean the spinach or the nettlesand put into a pot without water. Cook it for 15 minutes and mix it often. Drain it, crush it and chop finely with a mixer. Mix the puree of spinach or nettles with paste and work the mixture until it is compact and elastic. LASAGNE: Make a fountain of flour, break the eggs in the pit and dash it with a fork and incorporate the flour. Cover the ball of pasta with a skin and let it pause for 20 minutes.
Stretch a foil not too thin and cut it into rectangles of 10 cm x15 cm that you put on flove cloth.
Heat on the slow cooking with a bit of olive oil into a panfull with minced onions, celery and carrots; after 2 minutes add the minced bacon. When all is soften put in ½ glass of white wine. Add some tomato paste, the sausage to the meat and leave on slow cooking for 30 min. After 30 min add up the tomato sauce and leave it on slow cooking for other 30 min and often mix the mixture. Salt, add pepper and cover with hot water and wait until it boils for 2 hours; if it is necessary pour some milk.
During the last 30 minutes of cooking sprinkle with nutmeg, if necessary add some salt and pepper and add 20 grams of butter. At the end the sauce should be very thick. Fill a large pot of water and low and pour a few drops of oil, and when the water boils, add some salt and throw the lasagne 2-3 at a time. Let them cook for 1 min, take them with a slotted spoon and place them in a bowl filled with cold water. Let them cool, take them with hands, shaken from the water and place on a wet cloth.
Grease a baking tray and put in a layer of lasagne, cover it with ragù and spread it with some parmisan. Carry on with the same procedure (lasagne – ragù, lasagne – ragù) and complete it with a layer of ragù. Put all into the oven ( that is at 200° C) for 40 min. At the end of the cooking let it pause stand in the oven with the door open for 5 min, and serve it.
PREPARATION Remove, but keeping, the cuttlefishs ink sachet. Remove the eyes and the spout, clean and cut into stripes (1). In case of small cuttlefish simply cut them into two halves (2). Fry the mashed clove of garlic and the fine chopped onion. After, join the chopped parsley, the cuttlefish (3) and wet with white wine (4). When the wine is evaporated join the tomato sauce and some salt (5). Eventually dilute with some hot broth and let it cook, with the cover, for almost half an hour. If they get too dry, wet them with a little broth. Serve them with a pinch of pepper (6). A part of the cuttlefish can be the base for a delicious risotto or pasta.
ADVICED WINES A dry Vespaiolo (7), Soave (8) or Pinot Bianco (9). Its also possible the approach to a white Merlot (10). 7 8 9 10
VARIANTS The most popular version is the addiction of cuttlefishs ink contained in the little sachet removed from them, halfway through cooking and diluted, with a drop of broth and a spoon of oil. In this case the quantity of tomato sauce must be decreased (11). 11
GLOSSARY Vespaiolo: It is a white Italian wine DOC (Denomination of Controlled Origin) wine produced in Breganze in the province of Vicenza, Veneto. Soave: It is white Italian wine DOCG (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) from the Veneto region in the north-east Italy, around the city of Verona. White Merlot: It is a wine, from dark grapes, that is made blended with Cabernet Sauvignon of Cabernet Franc, planted in Italy principally in the Friuli or Veneto regions. Risotto:It is an Italian rice dish cooked in broth to a creamy consistency. Pinot Bianco: It is a white wine from a genetic mutation of Pinot noir grape.
1 egg for every person; 400gr of pasta; 200gr of guanciale; 100gr of Roman pecorino; Salt; Pepper.
To prepare «Spaghetti alla Carbonara» put the pot with a lot of water on the cooker. When the water boils add only two tea spoons of salt and then some spaghetti because the sauce is already tasty. In the meantime cut the guanciale into small pieces (1), put it inside the frying pan, without adding any oil and leave it on the cooker until the fatty becomes transparent and crispy (2-3), then remove it from the cooker and let it cool slightly.
Smash the eggs in the bowl (4-5) then mix them up with the pecorino «cheese» (6) and the pepper. Stir all the ingredients with a whisk (7-8) and then add some guanciale (9).
Drain the pasta (10) when it tastes cooked and mix it up with the sauce in the bowl (11). Dish out the «Spaghetti alla Carbonara» and if it is necessary add some more pecorino and ground black pepper (12).
Guanciale: a typical Italian bacon; Pecorino: any of various cheeses of Italian origin made from sheeps milk; Frying pan: a metal pan that has a long handle and is used for frying; Whisk: a cooking tool that is made of curved wire and it is used to stir or beat things; Dish out: to give or dispense freely; Spaghetti: pasta made in thin solid strings.
Adhering to the principles of the Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects on health and the environment. The environmental impact of the Mediterranean diet is lower than that of other types of diets. In addition, we documented the beneficial effects of this diet on the health of people. This makes the Mediterranean diet a model of sustainable food.
The Mediterranean diet is a balanced synthesis of natural and healthy food. Cereals and their derivatives, olive oil, fruit and vegetables, wine, meat and low-fat dairy are the key elements of this diet, which has its roots in the past of the peoples of the Mediterranean sea and has accompanied their development. Today, the diet can help you live better, because it prevents certain chronic diseases and aging.
The Mediterranean Diet has its roots in history. For thousands of years farmers in the Mediterranean have specialized in the cultivation of products typical of the Mediterranean diet: olive, the vine, certain varieties of cereals, fruits and vegetables. The Mediterranean Diet has become an integral part of the cultural identity of the peoples of the Mediterranean, with its values, traditions and habits.