Presentation on theme: "Treasure or Trash Folly or Fact Jewel or Junk"— Presentation transcript:
1 Treasure or Trash Folly or Fact Jewel or Junk Telling the difference on the Internet.
2 Maureen Baron The English Montreal School Board 6000 Fielding Avenue Montreal, Quebec, H3X 1T4 Tel Fax
3 Screening or Filtering Software Not an answer! Net Nanny, CyberPatrol, Safe SurfNot foolproofObjectionable sites can come throughMust be updated, nourishedNon-discriminating blocksNot a truth / crap detection service
5 Students and the INTERNET Students think:the Net is one big answer machine.if it’s on the Net it has to be true.Students should move from:being information consumers to information users, evaluators and producers.using data, to evaluating information, to gaining insight, to action.
9 Decide what type of “stuff” you want. FactsOpinionsStatisticsDescriptionsImmediate newsNarrativesReasoned argumentsImagesSoundsEyewitness reportsFinancialsCutting edge researchHistorical documents
10 Why do you want the “stuff”? Get new ideasFind factual information, reasoned support, documents, or logical arguments to support or refute a positionSurvey other sourcesLocate information on which to base a decision
11 Information Source Diversity Web pagesJournal articlesReference sourcesSchool projectsVideo and audio filesPictures / ImagesAdvertising
12 Who is that saying what? Anyone can say anything. There is no supreme editor or authority.There is no inspector general or truth verifier.The Net is the ultimate democracy.
13 Why might the “stuff” be on the web? To informTo persuadeTo recruitTo sellTo present a viewpoint for discussionTo create or change an attitude or beliefTo demonstrate a function
14 Is this a commercial site? Is this a profit making company?Is this the charitable division of a profit making company?Is the company name in the URL?Is the “store” or “shopping section” the first screen available?How many clicks until you reach the sales pitch?How many clicks until they ask for personal information?Is this a real company?
15 What type of information is this? Press release / AnnouncementFrom whom, to whom, whyNews storyWho or what is the source?Can this be verified or corroborated by a 3rd party source or another media?AdvertisingWho is advertising what, to whom, and why?
16 Advertising Public Relations Usually easy to identifyBias exists towards the product or service is usually easy to seeMessage is usually: Buy It, Use It, Take It, You Need ItUsually disguised to seem to be a “real” storyBias is much more subtle and hiddenMessage appears to be objective, for the public good or helpful.Aspirine vs Tylenol efficacy story release
17 Timing When was the web site last updated? When was the article written?Is all of the information current or is some of out of date?Do the contact coordinates still work?Does the traffic counter number seem credible?
18 The CARS checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College C = CredibilitySource supplies evidence to prove it can be trustedAuthor’s credentialsInformation, data or statistics are citedCross referenced to other mediaMaterial is hosted at a reliable www site
19 What to do? Search for information on the author. Do a “link check” to see who else is linked to this page.
20 Examine the URL Read the URL address. edu. , org., net., com., gov.,ca., uk., au., fr., us.,~ This TILDE = personal site. This could indicate a PHD faculty member expert site or a grade 6 student’s site.
21 How did you find the link? Which search engine was used?Google, Yahooligans, Excite,What search term was used?Chocolate, White chocolate, chocolate chips, chocolate cake, chocolate recipesWhere was the link in the list of returned sites?1st, 10th, 25th, with or without ($0.05) beside it
22 What to do Look for at least 2 corroborating sites. Determine when the site was last updated.Is there a known agency, company, institution or organization attached to the site?
23 The CARS checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College A = AccuracySource gives the whole truth and is as current as possibleWhen was the information created?Are there sins of omission as well as commission?Why was the information put on the web?Does the level of the text match with the level of the intended audience?
24 What to doMake a checklist of pro and con elements of the information.Check if experts on both sides of the question are referred to in the text?Examine the language for emotional laden words, phrases or imagery.
25 The CARS checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College R = ReasonablenessSource is concerned with the truthBalanced and reasoned argumentObjective positionOvert or covert conflict of interestsReality check -Too good to be true?Contradictions or inconsistencies evidentExtreme language or claims
26 The CARS checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College S = SupportSource provides evidence of accuracy, reliability and corroborationCross references to corroborating or supporting sourcesAuthor or source contact information providedFind at least 2 other sources to support the information, data or positionAuthor, or his work, is referenced elsewhere
27 What to do Use other media, such as books, as corroborating sources. If possible, contact the author for further clarification or information.Are the hyperlinks functional, current, and easy to use?Is it a “members only” site?What do you have to provide to be a member and why?
28 The CAFÉ checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College C = Challenge the informationDemand accountabilityWho says so?Why do they say so?Why was the information created and posted?Why should I believe and trust the text?Is this the whole truth?Is the language reasonable?Who else supports this?Where else does this appear?
29 The CAFÉ checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College A = Adopt skepticismIs it too good to be true?Are the claims too grandiose?Are the arguments too sweeping or vague?Is the language too extreme?Are there big promises of things to come or further proof?
30 What to doIf you answered “yes” to any of the previous questions - then this is a dubious website.Rethink why you would want information from this site.
31 The CAFÉ checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College F = File new information or data to be verified or corroboratedAvoid premature closure or acceptance.Don’t jump to conclusions.Critically evaluate the data before making a decision to accept or reject.Look for other sources.
32 The CAFÉ checklist - Robert Harris Southern California College E = Evaluate and re-evaluate according to new or changing information or dataInformation is dynamic and fluid.There is a range of information quality and reliability.Match your purpose with your source and planned finished product.
33 External verification strategies Do an author citation search.Where else does the name appear?Check maps, atlases and other reference tools.Look at other pictures of the same site.Use a variety of search engines.Is there a motive of profit or gain on the site?Are there spelling or grammar mistakes?
34 Find out information about the information What are the goals of those who generated and published the information?What are the goals of those who search for and use the information?
35 Student Internet Evaluation Form Project name and goal / purposeKeywords used in information searchSite citation including list of authors or sponsor or host, type of informationStatement as to why student accepts this informationHow did the information relate to your projectState what will be done with this information