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El Día de los Muertos El 1 y 2 de noviembre Oaxaca, México.

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Presentation on theme: "El Día de los Muertos El 1 y 2 de noviembre Oaxaca, México."— Presentation transcript:

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2 El Día de los Muertos El 1 y 2 de noviembre Oaxaca, México

3 NOT Halloween!!!!!! These days celebrate the memory of deceased loved ones. Many Mexicans believe that the spirit of the loved one actually returns at this time. These days celebrate the memory of deceased loved ones. Many Mexicans believe that the spirit of the loved one actually returns at this time.

4 Whats the difference between Halloween and Los Días de los Muertos? Halloween is based on negative and medieval concepts of death, demons and witches. Its meant to be scary!!!! Halloween is based on negative and medieval concepts of death, demons and witches. Its meant to be scary!!!! Los Días de los Muertos demonstrate love and respect for ones ancestors and celebrate the continuance of life. Its meant to be happy! Los Días de los Muertos demonstrate love and respect for ones ancestors and celebrate the continuance of life. Its meant to be happy!

5 A Blend Los Días de los Muertos are the result of the mixing of beliefs, practices and rituals of two very different cultures. Los Días de los Muertos are the result of the mixing of beliefs, practices and rituals of two very different cultures. In this holiday we see active Christian beliefs meet with the customs and beliefs of the indigenous, pre-Columbian people of Mexico. What does indigenous mean? Look it up in the dictionary. Its an important word. In this holiday we see active Christian beliefs meet with the customs and beliefs of the indigenous, pre-Columbian people of Mexico. What does indigenous mean? Look it up in the dictionary. Its an important word. What does pre-Columbian mean? Hint: Who discovered the New World? What does pre-Columbian mean? Hint: Who discovered the New World?

6 Las Ofrendas Families create altars to honor their loved ones. They use special decorations, flowers and photos to beautify the altar. They also place the loved ones favorite food, drink and other earthly treats for them to enjoy during their stay. Check out these altars…… Families create altars to honor their loved ones. They use special decorations, flowers and photos to beautify the altar. They also place the loved ones favorite food, drink and other earthly treats for them to enjoy during their stay. Check out these altars……

7 Papel Picado Marigolds Copal Marigold petals

8 Marigolds Food and drink Papel Picado Copal

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10 Papel Picado Photo Pan de Muerto More marigolds

11 I wonder how this person died?

12 Decorations Even the towns decorate for this holiday. Happy skeletons, sugar skulls, marigold flowers and special cut paper called papel picado can be found everywhere! Even the towns decorate for this holiday. Happy skeletons, sugar skulls, marigold flowers and special cut paper called papel picado can be found everywhere!

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16 Birdseed Skulls Sugar Skulls

17 Even more marigolds!

18 Las Comidas Just like any other holiday, special foods are eaten at this time of year. Just like any other holiday, special foods are eaten at this time of year. Check out your teachers website for recipes for such delicious foods as Chicken Mole Poblano, Pan de Muerto and Mexican Apple Pie. You can get a homework pass! Check out your teachers website for recipes for such delicious foods as Chicken Mole Poblano, Pan de Muerto and Mexican Apple Pie. You can get a homework pass!

19 Mole Poblano Mole poblano is made with a variety of special ingredients including chocolate and peanuts or peanut butter. Add tomatoes, spices, raisins, rice and chicken and youve got a traditional Mexican meal. Mole poblano is made with a variety of special ingredients including chocolate and peanuts or peanut butter. Add tomatoes, spices, raisins, rice and chicken and youve got a traditional Mexican meal.

20 Pan de Muerto Many people buy a special bread, Bread of the Dead, which is often shaped in the form of a figure or a soul before baking. The traditional loaves seen in this picture come with little plastic figurines that represent a soul. The bigger the loaf, the bigger the soul. Ask your teacher to show you one! Many people buy a special bread, Bread of the Dead, which is often shaped in the form of a figure or a soul before baking. The traditional loaves seen in this picture come with little plastic figurines that represent a soul. The bigger the loaf, the bigger the soul. Ask your teacher to show you one!

21 Chapulines This young girl is selling chapulines, a popular treat at this time of year. Her chapulines are sold in small plastic bags and eaten with lime juice and salt. Theyre a great crunchy treat! This young girl is selling chapulines, a popular treat at this time of year. Her chapulines are sold in small plastic bags and eaten with lime juice and salt. Theyre a great crunchy treat!

22 What exactly is a chapulín? Chapulines can be served whole, ground into fine powder to add a sprinkling of flavor, or chopped into pieces like bacon bits. This protein rich food can be found in many Mexican markets. Would you eat chapulines? Chapulines can be served whole, ground into fine powder to add a sprinkling of flavor, or chopped into pieces like bacon bits. This protein rich food can be found in many Mexican markets. Would you eat chapulines?

23 In the Cemetery The cemetery plays a huge role in this celebration. Families tidy up the graves and decorate them with flowers and the loved ones life is celebrated with picnics and music. People spend most of the night in the cemetery which is brightly lit with candles, and contests are held to see which local business can create the best decorations or altar, also known as an ofrenda. The cemetery plays a huge role in this celebration. Families tidy up the graves and decorate them with flowers and the loved ones life is celebrated with picnics and music. People spend most of the night in the cemetery which is brightly lit with candles, and contests are held to see which local business can create the best decorations or altar, also known as an ofrenda.

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28 Finding their way back… Souls find their way back through sensory experiences. The beauty of the altars and the candles, the smells of food, marigold flowers and incense known as copal, and the sound of parties, church bells and music help the loved one to make the annual journey back an easy one. Souls find their way back through sensory experiences. The beauty of the altars and the candles, the smells of food, marigold flowers and incense known as copal, and the sound of parties, church bells and music help the loved one to make the annual journey back an easy one.

29 Do Souls really eat the food? No, but many believe that the souls take the essence of the food with them. In other words, the food remains, but no longer has any taste or smell. No, but many believe that the souls take the essence of the food with them. In other words, the food remains, but no longer has any taste or smell.

30 Remembrance Los Días de los Muertos is a wonderful way to remember those whom we love who have died. These holidays and traditions are celebrations of life, love and family. Los Días de los Muertos is a wonderful way to remember those whom we love who have died. These holidays and traditions are celebrations of life, love and family.

31 Directions Go to Sra OTooles 8 th Grade website for Friday, October 31, Go to Sra OTooles 8 th Grade website for Friday, October 31, There you will find the attachment for the questions that need to be answered for this Power Point. There you will find the attachment for the questions that need to be answered for this Power Point. You can print out the questions and turn them in, or answer within the Word document and me the answers at Solon Middle School. You can print out the questions and turn them in, or answer within the Word document and me the answers at Solon Middle School.

32 Credits Special thanks to the people of Oaxaca, Mexico, for sharing their celebrations. Special thanks to the people of Oaxaca, Mexico, for sharing their celebrations. Thanks to the wonderful people in the SMS computer lab for their assistance in creating this presentation. Thanks to the wonderful people in the SMS computer lab for their assistance in creating this presentation. Music: Mexican Music ~ Prehispanic ~ Paramúsica, 1990; and Mariachi de Pedro Vargas, Canciones del Mundo Hispano, McDougal Little, Music: Mexican Music ~ Prehispanic ~ Paramúsica, 1990; and Mariachi de Pedro Vargas, Canciones del Mundo Hispano, McDougal Little, This Power Point presentation was created for you by Margaret B. OToole, October, This Power Point presentation was created for you by Margaret B. OToole, October, 2008.


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