In this section, you will learn what began to draw the colonies together.
Land ownership in the colonies created prosperity, was required for voting, and helped determine colonists social position.
Although women were essential to the colonial economy, women were not allowed to own land, vote, preach in most churches, and by law, even the money she earned belonged to her husband.
In the colonies, children as young as three or four were expected to be useful. At the age of six, boys began to help their fathers at work. Around age 11 many boys left home to become apprentices in a trade.
Education was very important in the colonies. Most children learned to read; wealthier children also learned writing and arithmetic. Most education was religious in nature. It was illegal to teach slaves to read.
One of the most famous examples of the New England Primers verse is as follows: Now I lay me down to sleep, I pray thee, Lord, my soul to keep; If I should die before I wake, I pray thee, Lord, my soul to take. 1784 ed.
Newspapers and books, mostly printed in England, helped draw the colonies together. Among these, almanacs containing farm advice, remedies, recipes, etc., were very popular. Haste makes waste.
It was ______ to teach slaves to read. 1) required 2) illegal 3) immoral 4) common
Land ownership in the colonies included all of the following except: 1) Created prosperity 2) Gave women an economic advantage 3) Was required for voting 4) Helped determine colonists social position
Most children in the colonies learned to: 1) read and write 2) read 3) write 4) spell
In the colonies, many boys left home to become ______ in a trade. 1) priests 2) journeymen 3) artisans 4) apprentices
______ containing farm advice, remedies, recipes, etc., were very popular. 1) Magazines 2) Catalogs 3) Newspapers 4) Almanacs
______ helped draw the colonies together. 1) Kinship 2) A common religion 3) Newspapers and books 4) Bibles and tracts
In the colonies most education was ______ in nature. 1) classical 2) aristocratic 3) religious 4) secular
Of the following choices, which were colonial women allowed to do: 1) Preach in most churches 2) Vote 3) Own land 4) Work
In the early 1730s and 1740s, a religious movement called the Great Awakening swept through the colonies. Traveling ministers preached that inner religious emotion was more important than outward religious behavior.
The Great Awakening cont. It lasted for years sermons appealed to the heart and drew large crowds It changed colonial culture Congregations argued over religious practices and often split apart People left their old churches and joined other Protestant groups such as Baptists.
Unlike the Great Awakening, which stressed religious emotion, the Enlightenment emphasized reason and science as the paths to knowledge.
The Enlightenment Began in Europe Scientists discovered natural laws governing the universe Isaac Newton explained the law of gravity
Benjamin Franklin was a famous American Enlightenment figure, and was also the author of Poor Richards Almanac.
Franklin in 1783, an engraving from a painting by Joseph Duplessis. Accomplishments: Proved that lightning is a form of electricity Invented lightning rods to protect buildings Invented the Franklin stove Invented bifocal glasses Organized a fire department Organized a lending library Helped draft the Declaration of Independence
The English philosopher John Locke argued that people have natural rights to life, liberty, and property. Locke contended that people create governments to protect their natural rights and if a government fails in this duty, the people have the right to change it.
A religious movement called the ______ changed colonial nature in the 1700s. 1) American Revolution 2) Great Awakening 3) Protestant Reformation 4) Enlightenment
The Great Awakening: 1) had little effect on the colonies or colonial life. 2) suggested that science, rather than religion, was the source of knowledge. 3) was a religious movement that started in England and spread to the colonies. 4) encouraged colonists you question the authority of the British government.
The ______ emphasized reason and science as the paths to knowledge. 1) Enlightenment 2) Articles of Confederation 3) Great Awakening 4) Separation of Powers
The English philosopher ______ argued that people have natural rights to life, liberty, and property. 1) Benjamin Franklin 2) John Locke 3) Jonathan Edwards 4) Charles Louis Montesquieu
______ was a famous American Enlightenment figure, and was also the author of Poor Richards Almanac. 1) John Locke 2) Thomas Jefferson 3) Richard Dawkins 4) Benjamin Franklin
Two of the best-known preachers of the Great Awakening were______. 1) George Whitefield and Jonathan Edwards 2) John Locke and Jonathan Whitefield 3) Jonathan Whitefield and George Washington 4) John Locke and Charles Montesquieu