2What you really need to know: Derek RompotIllinois Environmental Protection Agency
3What is Composting Biological treatment process Decomposition of organic portion of wasteFinished Compost – humus like product used as a soil conditioner
4Types of Compost Landscape Waste Composting Organic Waste Composting 35 IAC 830 through 832Organic Waste Composting35 IAC 807Land ApplicationSection 21(q)(2) of the Act
5Permitting Steps Local Siting Review Section 39.2 of the ActRequired prior to permit application with IEPAExemptionsPermit Application to Illinois EPANo permit required if composting own waste only at site where it is generated
6Exemptions See Section 3.330 of the Act Landscape Waste Compost FacilityFood, paper, manure (SB 099)Must meet same setbacks as landscape waste compsoting - or –Must be in-vessel
7Landscape Waste Composting Grass or shrubbery cuttings, leaves, tree limbs and other materials accumulated as the result of the care of lawns, shrubbery, vines and trees.No local siting review requiredRegulated by 35 Illinois Administrative Code (IAC) parts
8Setback Standards Must meet setback standards in 35 IAC 830.203. Illinois EPA can not issue a permit if setbacks are not met
9What are the setback standards? Setback 200 feet from potable water supplyOutside 10 year floodplain (or flood proofed)Setback 1/8 mile from nearest residenceSetback 1/8 mile – hospitals, schools, day-carePotential for end-of-day incorporation if located w/in ¼ mile of residence or ½ mile of neighborhood
10Setback Standards No compost w/in 5 feet of the water table Control of run-off and leachateComply w/ Wild and Scenic Rivers ActAddress 100-year flood concernsHistoric Preservation ActNatural LandmarkIllinois Natural Areas Preservation ActEndangered Species Act
11Additives May use up to 10% by volume additives Additives must be requested in permit application.Allowable additives will be specified in the permit.
12Organic CompostingOrganic Waste Composting – Source separated organic wasteMixed Municipal Waste - non-source separated municipal solid wasteRegulated by 35 IAC Part 807
13Local Siting Review Done at local (municipality/county) level Often difficult & expensiveSee section 39.2 of the ActExemptions (SB 099 & Sec of the Act)Food, paper waste and manureIn-vessel or meet setbacks
1435 IAC 807 General Solid waste regulations Does not specifically address composting“Thou shall not do bad”Illinois EPA will use landscape waste composting regulations (35 IAC 830) as guidelines in permit review.
15Illinois EPA Regulations Available on-line atComposting falls under solid waste regulations – 35 IAC 807Specific regulations have been developed for landscape waste composting – 35 IAC
16Permit Details Landscape waste compost permits issued for 5 years Organic waste composting permits – no expirationNo fee to process form Illinois EPAP.E. Signature required (environmental consultant)
17Landscape waste application forms Certificate of AuthenticityLPC-PA12LPC-PA1639(i) certifications
18Organic composting forms Certificate of AuthenticityLPC-PA1LPC-PA6LPC-PA8LPC-PA11LPC-PA1639(i) certifications
19What if I do both?If a facility is composting landscape waste + food scrap/manure greater than 10%Need two (2) permits830 permit for the landscape waste composting807 permit for organic portion of composting
20Etc.The following slides mention concerns about composting in general, and are issues that Illinois EPA consider during the review of Permit Applications.
21General Concerns Proper Composting Conditions Compost Recipe (C:N ratio)Location Standards (basis for permit denial)Stockpiles/WindrowsOdorsVectorsEnd Product Use (accumulation)
23Compost RecipesRecipe is mixture of different materials to get desired finished compostC:N ratio of 20:1 to 30:1Carbon – “browns” – woody materialNitrogen – “greens” – grass, leavesCarbon Stockpiles – inspection concern