Presentation on theme: "Text purpose 2 Comprehension Toolkit. Comprehension means understanding. The answers to some questions are easy to find, while the answers to others are."— Presentation transcript:
Comprehension means understanding. The answers to some questions are easy to find, while the answers to others are more difficult to work out. The best way to understand a text is to ask yourself questions as you read it.
Comprehension Toolkit Why does a writer write? A writers purpose might be to: entertainpersuade inform debate an issue instruct sympathise warn or advise describe extend an invitation do several things at once!
Comprehension Toolkit Texts that instruct tell us how to do things. They include: recipesinstruction manualshow to books In instructive texts, youll find: prepositions adverbials of manner, time and place. commands
Comprehension Toolkit This is part of a recipe for cookies. Its purpose is to instruct. Method 1.Preheat oven to 180 ° Celsius. 2.Beat butter and brown sugar with electric beaters until well combined. Add the eggs and beat well after each addition. 3.Sift together plain flour and baking powder and mix into the butter mixture. Stir in choc bits. What type of sentences are they? commands How do we know the sentences are commands? They start with imperative verbs. Which words are prepositions? Which phrase is an adverbial of manner? Which phrase is an adverbial of time? Which phrase is an adverbial of place?
Comprehension Toolkit Texts that persuade try to convince us to believe or do things. Examples of persuasive texts are advertisements and political speeches. In persuasive texts you can expect to find: catchphrases and slogans repetition of key words, phrases and ideas figurative language, such as similes and metaphors exaggerated language (also known as hyperbole) words with appealing sounds, such as rhyme, onomatopoeia and alliteration emotive language (language that appeals to our emotions) rhetorical questions question and answer structures use of the personal pronoun you, so that people believe they are being addressed directly modal verbs and adverbs.
Comprehension Toolkit This is an extract from a speech. Its purpose is to persuade people. Which words, phrases or ideas are repeated? I definitely think the Council has made a mistake in planning high-rise developments for our suburb. Such high-rise developments might bring more people into the area, but that means more cars, and exhaust fumes from cars are one of the main causes of air pollution in urban areas. So not only will we be living in a gloomy suburb that hardly ever sees the sun, but we will also be forced to breathe polluted air, and that could lead to health problems. And where are all those cars going to park? Our suburb is already overflowing with cars. Find examples of emotive language. Find examples of exaggerated language. Find a rhetorical question.
Comprehension Toolkit These are extracts from advertisements. Their purpose is to persuade people to buy certain products. Find a catchphrase or slogan. Find an example of rhyme. Find examples of alliteration. Find a simile. Swamped by too many choices? Well help you find the right mobile for your lifestyle. Try new LifeForce and feel as right as rain! At Medicor clinics we put you first. Because we care. Find a metaphor. Find a rhetorical question. Find a direct address.