2Agenda: Monday 8/20/12Objective: Practice debriefing notes, check in on quality of ??notesContent: Early colonial regionsSkills: Identifying and weighing key factorsEssential question: Why did the colonial regions develop ?so distinctly?Agenda:1) Inclusion or exclusion in early colonial regions?2) Virginia Company recipe for success or failure
3Reading Response Question Page 61Prompt: Using examples drawn from this chapter, discuss the differences between colonizing “frontiers of inclusion” and “exclusion.”Activity:Discuss reading ? with neighborsGraphic organizer (volunteers will be called on from the cards)
4Inclusion Exclusion Graphic organizer Beaver Hats or Inclusion vs. Exclusion PromptReading prompt index cardsExplain procedure: call names, record quality of response, free for all. If you’re not prepared say so. If it’s all been said…Defining termsGeography: Appalachia, Mississippi River watershed, French crescent, Chesapeake,
7Virginia Company Recipe for Failure / Success Ingredients:Identify the key factors that led to the outcome (failure or success of the colony)Indicate relative weight of each ingredient by indicating amount (e.g. ½ cup)Directions:Describe how the factors interact, and in what sequence, to result in the outcome
8Agenda: Tuesday 8/21/12Objective: Tackle the economic and political impact of ?colonial slaveryContent: Transatlantic slave trade and mercantilismSkills: Macroeconomic analysisEssential question: To what extent (how much) was the ?success of English colonial economies in the Americas ?based on the institution of slavery?Agenda:1) Share recipes2) Slavery the Mainspring Jigsaw
9Share recipesRecipe for successRecipe for failure
10Pre readStarting on page 91, look at the graphs, images, etc. until page 113
11Jigsaw introduction“Slavery was the most dynamic force in the Atlantic economy during the century, creating the conditions for industrialization.”“But because slave-owning colonists single-mindedly committed their resources to the expansion and extension of the plantation system, they derived very little benefit from the economic diversification that characterized industrialization.”-Out of Many pg.113Break down each quote one by one.Slavery MOST dynamic force in creating industrialization. But South doesn’t benefit, N does.Slavery fuels N. Then N. destroys slavery as an economic system.
12jigsaw Prompt: Groups Summarize your section Explain the connection between the institution of slavery and the building of a commercial empire.GroupsPgs : Slavery the MainspringPgs : Politics of Mercantilism & Wars for EmpirePgs : British Colonial RegulationPgs The Colonial EconomySummarize your sectionWhoWhenWhereWhatWhyNotes:10-12 million Africans brought to the Americas.Section 1: Capital from profits 2. Slavery contributes to ec dev of cotton in Eng. 3. Slavery spurs manufacturing.Mercantilism—ec system where govt intervenes in economy for the purpose of increasing wealth. .Parliament—uniform money, regulates wages, subsides for agri, tariffs.Zero sum game. Finite amount of wealth.Enumerated goods—sugar, molasses, rum, tobacco, rice, indigo.Navigation Acts ( ). Ships—only Eng/colonists. Other merchants can’t trade.Salutary Neglect—early 1700s-1740s.Colonial Economies: North = diverse. South = single product.
13Agenda: Block day 8/22 & 8/23Content: Religious dissent, tension between local and imperial governing, sources of colonial conflictSkills: Cause and effect analysisEssential question: Why and how was imperial control being extended in British colonial America during the 1600s?Agenda:Finish jigsawRole of religious dissent in colonial history?Proprietary colonies and imperial controlIndian policy: Was Penn on to something?Sources of colonial violence?
14jigsaw Prompt: Groups Summarize your section Explain the connection between the institution of slavery and the building of a commercial empire.GroupsPgs : Slavery the MainspringPgs : Politics of Mercantilism & Wars for EmpirePgs : British Colonial RegulationPgs The Colonial EconomySummarize your sectionWhoWhenWhereWhatWhyNotes:10-12 million Africans brought to the Americas.Section 1: Capital from profits 2. Slavery contributes to ec dev of cotton in Eng. 3. Slavery spurs manufacturing.Mercantilism—ec system where govt intervenes in economy for the purpose of increasing wealth. .Parliament—uniform money, regulates wages, subsides for agri, tariffs.Zero sum game. Finite amount of wealth.Enumerated goods—sugar, molasses, rum, tobacco, rice, indigo.Navigation Acts ( ). Ships—only Eng/colonists. Other merchants can’t trade.Salutary Neglect—early 1700s-1740s.Colonial Economies: North = diverse. South = single product.
15JigsawExplain the connection between the institution of slavery and the building of a commercial empire.Create a thesis statement that responds to the promptExplain that yesterday we looked at a long term trend. Relate it to later periods. We are still in colonial era. On the timeline.
18Role of religious dissent in colonial history? Discuss the role of religious dissent in the founding of the New England colonies and in stimulating the creation of others. (p ? 70)WhereWhenCausesEffectsMaryland1634New England colonies1620
19Role of religious dissent in colonial history? Discuss the role of religious dissent in the founding of the New England colonies and in stimulating the creation of others. (p ? 70)WhereWhenCausesEffectsHartford1636ProvidenceHutchinson’s Followers1638Pennsylvania1682
20Proprietary coloniesHow did political developments in England affect the founding and governing of English colonies along the Atlantic seaboard?
21Proprietary Colonies Needs $, has to summon Parliament "poore, cold, and useless"Frame of govt—guarantees religious freedom, elected leader, fair dealing with NAI. Quakers—more democratic.Charles I: persecuted Puritans, Maryland to the Catholic CalvertsCharles I execution: migration to New England slows downCromwell: less immigrants means the growing need to diversify the economy. Also left the colonies aloneCharles II: established new proprietary colonies: the Carolinas, 2nd Anglo Dutch war- New York, PennsylvaniaJames II: wanted to strengthen royal control over the colonies, overthrows colonial governmentsWilliam and Mary: rebel against James’ appointmentsMore religious toleranceCatholicProtestant
22Proprietary coloniesBy 1701, the British monarchy had tightened the "imperial reins" over its North American possessions. (p.83) What form did this stronger central control take?
24Compare and contrast Penn's Indian policy with those of the Chesapeake and New England colonies. PennsylvaniaNew England
25What were the principal causes of colonial violence and warfare of the late 17th century? (p.76-84, ? 79)Conflict prompt—King Philip’s War (New Eng).Covenant Chain (1660s NY, Iroquois strengthen position. Trade.Bacon’s Rebellion—first populist uprising. Explain big P and little P. (ie Rep vs rep and Dem vs dem)Prayed upon by those above and below in social order. March West (NAI) march East (wealthy). How does elite react? Frontier issues, indentured servants, expectations won’t be met. Violence on frontier is long term trend.
26Bacon’s Rebellion: Virginia, 1675-1676 Elite WhitesSmall FarmersPoor Whites/Former Indentured ServantsAfrican SlavesNative AmericansPopulism vs. populismUnder Bacon’s leadership, the rebels marched west, and then they marched east.
27agenda: Friday 8/24/12Objective: Prepare for the first fluency fact review quizContent: Colonial regionsSkills: Compare and contrast, cause and effectEssential question: Why did the colonial regions develop so distinctly?Agenda:1) Text structure: are you using it?2) Fluency Fact Review Quiz preparation: W,W,W,W,W3) Colonial regions comparison matrix
28Are you using the text structure? P = Preview R = ReviewAt the front of the book:Table of Contents outline (R)AP Guideline correlation (P, R)Within each chapter:Chapter Outline (P, R)Key Topics (P)Maps, charts, pictures, captions, headings, glossary definitions (P)Conclusion (R)Chronology (R)AP Prep Test (R)
31GeographicEconomicPoliticalSocial/CulturalIndian AmericaBeyond App. Mtns. and in Canada, pressed by eastern coloniesFur trade with Fr. and Br., depen- dent on European goodsSome alliances with Europeans, others fight intruders, Iroquois ConfederacyIncreasing European influence, diseases ravage Native tribes, keep being pushed eastSpanish Border- landsSW U.S., Florida, New Mexico, Texas, California, ArizonaMission Indians for labor, subsis- tence agricul- ture, tradingTied to Spanish crown and Catholic church, presidios, violence at bordersGreat Universities, model/thriving cities, mix of ethnic backgrounds (mestizos), mission systems, convert NAI to Catholicism, Some inclusion regarding NAIFrench CrescentCanada (Quebec), Mississippi R.--> LouisianaFur trade with NAI, sugar plantation sAlly with NAI tribes, Catholic imperial policy, bishopric of QuebecCatholic, long lots, frontier of inclusion, mixed with NAI, France sends few settlers to New World
32GeographicEconomicPoliticalSocial/CulturalNew Eng- landNortheastern coast, MA, CT, RI, NH, VT, MEAgriculture, commerce in big cities, shipping and insurance servicesLittle distinction between religious & secular authority, freemen vote for local officials, General CourtLife heavily influenced by religion, little tolerance- hence Toleration Act, Puritans, dissidents exiled, social hierarchy, frontier of exclusionMiddle Colon- iesNY, PA, NJ, DE, MDAgriculture, worlds breadbasketQuakers, appointed justices of the peace, property owners elect local officialsEthnically diverse, religious/social toleration, communities tightly knit due to barter system and kinship bonds, high mobility rate, decent relations with NAI in PA, later frontier of exclusionBack- coun- tryShenandoa h River Valley, Appalachia n highlands and westCommercial farming, mainly small farms and huntingNo legal title to land, disdain for rank, dominated by “big men”, conflict with NAIMen-warriors, women- domestic labor, conflict over land disputes and with NAI, log cabins, less social structure, frontier of exclusionSouthChesapeak e & Lower SouthRice, tobacco, and other cash crops, plantations, reliance on slave laborPlanter elite dominate, county courts, Church of EnglandTriracial societies, very rural, lower south- plantation dominated social structure, Chesapeake-Anglican church and well developed communities, frontier of exclusion