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**FOOD LAB MANAGEMENT UNIT**

Equivalents and Doubling and Halving

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**Abbreviations Pound = lb. Cup = c. Tablespoon = T. or Tbsp.**

Gallon = gal. Quart = qt. Minute = min. Package = pkg. Ounce = oz. Degrees Fahrenheit = oF. Pint = pt. Teaspoon = t. or tsp. Hour = hr. Dozen = doz.

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**MEASUREMENTS AND EQUIVALENTS**

Mr. T. The car represents a cup (c.) The boy driving the car is Mr. Tablespoon (T.) You must be 16 years old to drive… So remember 16 T. = 1c. 1 C.

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**OZ. 1 C. OZ. (ounce) can’t drive. He is only half as old as Mr. T.**

How old is he? 8 So remember there are 8 oz. in a cup. OZ. Oz. 1 C.

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**3 t. =1 T. teaspoons Mrs. T. Mrs. Tablespoon (T.) had triplets.**

She named them the teaspoons (t.) So remember there are 3 t. in 1 T.

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**4 qt. = 1 gal. Our butterfly “GAL” is a cutey (qt.)**

She has 4 “cutey” (qt.) wings So remember there are 4 qt. in a gal. Qt. Qt. Miss Gal. Qt. Qt.

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2 cups = 1 pt. Each kid represents 1 cup 2 cups = 1 pt. Pt. C. Cup

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4 c. = 1 Qt. / 2 pt. = 1 Qt. 4C. 3 C. 2 C. 1 C. Pt. Qt. Pt.

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**Doubling and Halving Recipes**

To double the ingredients in a recipe you times the number by 2. For example: 2 eggs x 2 = 4 eggs or ½ c. sugar x 2 = 1 c. sugar or 2/3 t. salt x 2= 4/3 or 1 1/3 t. salt

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Yippee! Fractions HERSHEY’S CHOCOLATE BAR

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**From 1 piece I have cut two.**

The bottom number or denominator tells how many pieces are in your whole item. 1/2 1/2

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**Now divide those two halves again. How many pieces do you have now ?**

1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 There are four pieces now so the bottom number of your fraction will be 4. The higher the number on the bottom the smaller the pieces will be

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**Top number or numerator**

The top number of the fraction tells you how many of the pieces you have. If I gave you these 3 pieces how many fourths would you have?

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**You would have 3 of the fourths or 3/4**

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**Multiplying fractions-**

2 x or

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**To half the ingredients in a recipe you times by ½. (or divide by 2)**

For example: 2 eggs x ½ = 1 egg or ½ c. sugar x ½ = ¼ c. sugar or /3 t. salt x ½ = 2/6 t. or 1/3 t. salt

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**Good Measurements to Know**

1 cube of butter = ½ c. 16 ounces = 1 lb. 1/3 c. = 5 1/3 T. 2/3 c.= 10 2/3 T. (just twice the one above) Pinch = less than 1/8 t. 1 Square of Chocolate = 1 Oz.

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