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Abyssal Recipes Munk 1966
~10000 km 4km
Density of fresh and salt water as a function of temperature
Surface density (winter)
Take one profile from 4N 16 W
TS diagram from Meridian sections
Salinity Section Pacific (180 W) Atlantic (30 W)
Temperature/Salinity Section Pacific (180 W) Atlantic (30 W)
Temperature Section Pacific (180 W) Atlantic (30 W)
mL/L Temperature/Oxygen Section Pacific (180 W) Atlantic (30 W)
Salinity/Nitrate Section Pacific (180 W) Atlantic (30 W)
Temperature/Nitrate Section Pacific (180 W) Atlantic (30 W)
Salinity and temperature Atlantic along 30W
Abyssal Recipes II Munk and Wunsch 1998
Estimate of Global Primary Production (Behrenfeld and Falkowski, 1997
300 meters 2400 meters Where It may Occur
Schmitt et al (Science 2005)
The Global Salinity Budget From before, salinity is mass salts per mass seawater (S = 1000 * kg salts / kg SW) There is a riverine source …BUT… salinity.
Exploring the Ocean Earth’s Ocean By Jose Jimenez Jose Jimenez.
An example of vertical profiles of temperature, salinity and density.
Thermohaline Circulation (THC) By Ross Alter. What is it? “…that part of the ocean circulation which is driven by fluxes of heat and freshwater across.
Mass and Volume Contribution to Twentieth-century Global Sea Level Rise L. Miller & B. C. Douglas Nature vol. 428, 2004.
THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION. WHAT IS THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION? Thermohaline circulation describes the slow deep-ocean movements of sea water around the.
Seawater Chapter 15 Section 2. Chemical Properties Seawater = 96.5% water and 3.5 % salts Salinity is the measure of the amount of dissolved salts in.
Over 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water Of that, 95% is salt water – only 5% is fresh water – and part of that is ice.
FIGURE 4.1 TALLEY Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved (a) Surface temperature (°C) of the oceans in winter (January, February, March north.
Miss Nelson SCIENCE ~ CHAPTER 9 CLIMATE. Currents and Climate SECTION 2.
- 1 - PHYSICAL CLIMATOLOGY Implication of biogeochemical change driven by global warming in the East Sea Implication of biogeochemical change driven by.
This model shows the ocean with salinity around. The researchers analyst each location with percent.
Ocean Water Chemistry Earth’s Water Chapter 4.3 Pages
Measurements in the Ocean Peter Challenor University of Exeter and National Oceanography Centre.
Ahhhhhh…. SEAWATER Seawater Seawater is a solution of about 96.5 percent water and 3.5 percent dissolved salts. Seawater The most abundant salt in seawater.
Thermohaline circulation ●The concept of meridional overturning ●Deep water formation and property Antarctic Bottom Water North Atlantic Deep Water Antarctic.
Mrs. Mannel Earth Science. Surface Currents Surface currents move water at or near the surface in stream like movement They can be several thousand.
Ocean Circulation and Structure. Fig , p. 271 Major ocean circulation Gyres: clockwise in Northern Hemisphere and counter clockwise in southern.
Distribution of waters 71% of earth surface is ocean 4:1 in southern hemisphere 1.5:1 in northern hemisphere.
Oceanography Chapter Heating of Earth’s surface and atmosphere by the sun drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing winds and.
OC3230-Paduan images Copyright © McGraw Hill Chap 7-8: Distributions SPECIAL DATES: MPA meeting…6 Jul R/V Pt Sur Cruise…14 Jul R/V Pt Sur Cruise…25 Jul.
Density Structure Surface Processes – Temperature – Salinity – Pressure.
WavesTides H 2 O Chemistry Currents
FIGURE 4.1 (a) Surface temperature (°C) of the oceans in winter (January, February, March north of the equator; July, August, September south of the equator)
Water Mass Distribution OEAS 604 Lecture Outline 1)Thermohaline Circulation 2)Spreading pathways in ocean basins 3)T-S diagrams 4)Mixing on T-S diagrams.
Ocean Currents “Rivers in the Ocean”. Currents Current – a large stream of moving water that flows through the ocean. Capable of moving large amounts.
Equatorial Circulation Subtle changes in winds give rise to complicated surface current patterns Equatorial Undercurrent Focus on Pacific circulation,
Turn in Do Nows Turn in Do Nows Notes: Tides Notes: Tides Investigate Tides Investigate Tides 13.1 & 13.2 Quiz 13.1 & 13.2 Quiz Using a Venn diagram, compare.
SIO 210 Typical distributions (2 lectures) Fall 2014 Reading: DPO Chapter 4 Chapter S7 (or 7) sections 7.4.1, 7.8.5, , First lecture 1. Definitions.
Observational evidence for propagation of decadal spiciness anomalies in the North Pacific Yoshi N. Sasaki, N. Schneider, N. Maximenko, and K. Lebedev.
OCEANS. What is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear, or see, the word “Marine”?
Temperature and vertical stratification Metabolism: Q10 Preference & tolerance Poikilothermic or ectothermic vs. homeothermic or endothermic Thermocline.
Chapter 16 The Dynamic Ocean. Section 16.1 Ocean Circulation.
Ocean Water Chemistry and Currents. Ocean Water Chemistry Salinity: the amount of salt dissolved in ocean water –1kg of ocean water contains 35g of salt.
Exploring the structure of the oceanic environment: A classification approach Edward Gregr Karin Bodtker Andrew Trites Marine Mammal Research Unit Fisheries.
Summary from last class… Importance of large-scale ocean circulation –climate, biogeochemistry, marine resources Characteristic “Types” of Ocean Circulation.
The Ocean Basins Section 1 Preview Key Ideas Key Ideas The Water Planet The Water Planet Divisions of the Global Ocean Divisions of the Global Ocean.
Effects of photo-acclimation and variable stoichiometry of phytoplankton on production estimates from 1D and 3D marine ecosystem modelling Sakina-Dorothée.
Activities Role of Ocean Salinity in Climate I, II, III at the Ocean Sciences Meeting in Honolulu, February, 2006 US CLIVAR Salinity Workshop held in Woods.
Ocean Currents. Mass movement or flow of ocean water Mass movement or flow of ocean water River within the ocean River within the ocean Two types Two.
1 River Discharge Stream Animation. 2 Surface Currents.
Influenced by: Weather/Wind Positions of the continents Rotation of the Earth Sun, Salinity, Density.
Art or Science?. Explain the thermal transfers of energy within oceans and the importance of oceanic conveyor belts.
Oceanography I. Major Oceans The three major oceans are: 1._______- largest, deepest, coldest, least salty. 2.__________- second largest, shallow, warm,
Objective: Learn how ocean currents move heat around the Earth Agenda: Textbook pages answer questions 1-6 Ocean Notes continued Ocean Current.
ABSTRACT In situ and modeled water-column primary production (PPeu) were determined from seasonally IMECOCAL surveys and satellite data off Baja.
SALT-WEDGE INTRUSION OF SEAWATER AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR PHYTOPLANKTON DYNAMICS IN THE YURA ESTUARY, JAPAN Kasai et al., (2010). Estuarine, Coastal, &
Maia McGuire, PhD University of Florida Sea Grant Extension Program.
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