Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Traditions and Local Rights over Genetic resources in the context of Community Biodiversity Management E.D.Israel Oliver King and Saujanendra Swain M.S.Swaminathan.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Traditions and Local Rights over Genetic resources in the context of Community Biodiversity Management E.D.Israel Oliver King and Saujanendra Swain M.S.Swaminathan."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Traditions and Local Rights over Genetic resources in the context of Community Biodiversity Management E.D.Israel Oliver King and Saujanendra Swain M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation Malayali

3 Context Role of Communities in conserving Plant genetic resources Role of Communities in conserving Plant genetic resources Customary practices and local rights of Farmers Customary practices and local rights of Farmers Drivers of change and its effect over PGR Drivers of change and its effect over PGR Dynamic Community Biodiversity Management and process of Empowerment Dynamic Community Biodiversity Management and process of Empowerment

4 Kolli Hills Malayali Tribe Tribal Settlement Terraced Fields Paddy field Hut

5 Odukkai padal Kummipadal Parambupadal Kuravan Kurathi padal Servai padal Thirumanapadal Komalipadal Andikolam padal Attukattupadal Folk lore, Folk Songs and Life of the Tribal Communities

6 Ancestral Worship Ayyanappattan, Panguliappattan Sacred Forests Goddesses Worship Kongayi, Pidari, Ettukkai,Kannimar, Rathathamman, Kollippavai Sanskritzed Traditions Perumansolai and Masiperiasamisolai

7 Threshing YardStall Feeding Traditional Farming Upland PaddyMixed Farming Back yard poultry

8 Community Seed Bank Quality Seed Selection Seed Exchange Manual Dehusking Customary Practices

9 Little millet (Samai) Panicum sumatrance Little millet (Samai) Panicum sumatrance Italian millet (Thinai) Setaria italica Italian millet (Thinai) Setaria italica Common millet (Panivaragu) Panicum miliaceum Common millet (Panivaragu) Panicum miliaceum Kodo millet (Varagu) Paspalum scrobiculatum Kodo millet (Varagu) Paspalum scrobiculatum Interaspecific Millet Diversity in Kolli Hills

10 Plant Genetic Resources oSecondary centre of Origin of Rice (1750 landraces) (24 aromatic, 27 flood resistant, 2 deep water and 10 drought resistant and some others are insect/ pest resistant, puffing quality, etc.) o8 species of minor millets, o9 species of pulses, o5 species of oil seeds, o3 species of fibrous plants, o7 species of vegetables

11 Some valuable rice landraces preserved by tribal farmers for religious function Rice varietyPredominant qualityFestivals Time of maturity (Month) KalakrishnaScentedAll festivalsJanuary TulsiScentedChaitra ParvaApril Machhakanta White slender short grins, good taste Manabasa and Lakshmi Puja November MerBlack grains with medicinal properties Annual ceremony of forefathers November * KalajeeraScentedTemple deitiesNovember HaladichudiWhite slender long grains, good taste Shakti pujaDecember DeulabhogaBold and short grains, reddish tinge on cooking with mild scent preferred during worship at temples Temple deitiesDecember

12 Factors Intensity (* - less, ** - strong and ***- very strong influence) Introduction of commercial crops like tapioca, coffee, pepper etc with good market linkages and promotion by govt.policies Introduction of commercial crops like tapioca, coffee, pepper etc with good market linkages and promotion by govt.policies*** Access to PDS Access to PDS*** Rainfall variability especially onset Rainfall variability especially onset** Conversion of land to agro forestry Conversion of land to agro forestry* Lack of market channels Lack of market channels*** Drudgery in processing Drudgery in processing** Culinary esteem of alternate crops Culinary esteem of alternate crops* Land fragmentation Land fragmentation* Peer group pressure and other constraints Peer group pressure and other constraints* Limited availability of farmyard manure Limited availability of farmyard manure* Factors responsible for Erosion of crops and Dwindling Customary Practices

13 Shift from Subsistence Economy to Cash Economy

14 In the Changing Socio cultural Context Will communities sustain with their Customary management practices of Biodiversity ?

15 Grass root institution building Seed multiplication & distribution Technology appraisal Skill enhancement Processing & Value Addition Marketing Linkage System management Role Change Integrated Approaches in CBM – Formal Participatory Research

16 Seed Distribution Cultivation Seed Multiplication Seed Storage – Thombai Seed exchange Conservation

17 Participatory Plant Improvement to achieve higher productivity Traditional method of cultivation Modified method of Cultivation Between Row spacing 20 cm Between Plant spacing 10 cm Cultivation

18 Drudgery in Pounding Drudgery Reduction and Consumption

19 rpWjhdpak; muit,ae;jpuk; fy; ePf;fp,ae;jpuk;ckp ePf;fp,ae;jpuk;khT,ae;jpuk; ney; miuf;Fk;,ae;jpuk; Mapy; Nkhl;lh; LITTLE MILLET ITALAN MILLET FINGER MILLET

20 Traditional Recipes of Millet Foods Value addition Training

21 Capacity Building on Processing Millets

22 Samai Rice Thinai Rice Samai Uppuma Thinai Uppuma Samai Poorna Kozhukkatai Samai Kara Kozhukkatai Thinai Poorna Kozhukkatai Thinai Kara Kozhukkatai Samai Sweet Puttu Thinai Sweet Puttu Samai Sweet Pongal Thinai Sweet Pongal Samai Sweet Idiappam Samai Thinai Kara Idiappam Thinai Sweet Idiappam Samai Thinai Sweet Paniyaram Samai Kara Paniyaram Thinai Kara Paniyaram Samai Payasam Thinai Payasam Samai Idli Thinai Idli Samai Dosai Thinai Dosai Samai Wheat Flour Dosai Thinai Wheat Flour Dosai Samai Kara Pongal Thinai Kara Pongal Samai Thinai Keera Roti Samai Bonda Samai Pakoda Thinai Bonda Thinai Pakoda Samai Thinai Ribbon Pakoda Samai Thinai Omapodi Samai Thinai Adai Samai Thinai Vadai Samai Thinai Murukku Thinai Adhirasam Samai Thinai Kachayam VALUE ADDED RECIPES OF SAMAI (Little Millet) & THINAI (Italian Millet) (Photograph: Dr. E. D. Israel Oliver King)

23

24 Campaign for Conservation and Promotion of millets Folk TheatreRoad Show Exhibitions

25 Niche Market Linkages Local Market City Market Coimbatore (3) Trichy (1) Tanjavur (1) Ooty (1) Madurai (1) Kolli Hills (2) Tiruvannamalai (2) Chennai (2) Namakkal (5) Peri Urban Market

26 Infrastructure Development of Millet Processing Mills Sale Deed Dhan Settlement

27 Legal Processes of Empowerment MOU with the Block development Office MOU with the Block development Office Partnership deed for Nanbargal SHG Partnership deed for Nanbargal SHG Tax Payers Identification Number certificate (TIN) Tax Payers Identification Number certificate (TIN) Sales Tax Certificate (CTC) Sales Tax Certificate (CTC) Small scale industry certificate (SSI) Small scale industry certificate (SSI) Sales Deed Partnership Deed TIN Cert Sales Tax Cert SSIC Cert

28 KHABCOFED (Kolli Hills Agro biodiversity Conservers federation) in the Empowerment process Tribal Farmer collectives Tribal Farmer collectives Access to information Access to information Access to Credits Access to Credits Increased mobility Increased mobility Public participation Public participation Governorship over common property resources Governorship over common property resources Collective Decision Making processes Collective Decision Making processes Awareness about the PGR and policy related issues Awareness about the PGR and policy related issues

29 Kalajeera (An aromatic Rice for Promotion) Formation of Kalinga Kalajeera Rice Growers Cooperative Society (KKRGCS) 500 acres, involving more than 700 farm families Procurement by NAFED One & half times more price than other rice GI trial of Kalajeera in 5district

30 Community Recognition & Reward Genome Savior Award PPV&FR Authority, Govt. of India, 2006 Equator Initiative Award UNDP, Johansburg, 2002 Krishi Bisharad Sanman ICAR, New Delhi, 2002 Felicitation by Honble Chief Minister of Orissa, 2004

31 Thank You


Download ppt "Traditions and Local Rights over Genetic resources in the context of Community Biodiversity Management E.D.Israel Oliver King and Saujanendra Swain M.S.Swaminathan."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google