Presentation on theme: "Understanding Basic Nutrition:"— Presentation transcript:
1Understanding Basic Nutrition: Eating for a Heart-Healthy LifestyleUnderstanding Basic Nutrition:The American Heart Association’s Diet and Lifestyle Recommendations
2Why eat a well-balanced diet? Heart disease and stroke are American’s No. 1 and No. 4 killers, eating an overall healthy diet reduces a majority of the controllable risk factors for these diseasesThere are some factors that can increase your risk for heart disease even though you cannot control. These include:Age Heredity Race GenderEating right is an important part of living a healthier, longer life
3Focus on what you can change: reducing controllable risk factors Adopting better dietary habits and choosing a varied combination of healthy foods is your first step.Consuming the right amounts of the proper foods may be the single most important thing you can do to lower your risk.Reducing your controllable risk factors – those you can change – may help prevent a heart attack or stroke in the future. It can also help you reach and maintain a healthy weight.
4Recommendations to reduce your risk Fruits & VeggiesWhole-grain, high fiberOily fishLean meatsFat-free, skim, low fat, 1% dairyLimit added sugarsLimit saturated and trans fatsLittle or no saltIf alcohol, moderationConsume a diet rich in fruits and vegetablesChoose whole-grain, high fiber foodsEat fish twice a week, especially oily fish like salmon or albacore tunaChoose lean meatsSelect fat-free (skim) or low fat (1%) dairy productsLimit beverages and foods with added sugarsLimit foods with saturated and trans fatChoose and prepare foods with little or no saltIf you consume alcohol, do so in moderation
51/2 <7% <300 mg 2/3 tsp Recommendations to reduce your risk Limit your intake of added sugars to no more than ½ of your daily discretionary calories.<7%Limit saturated fat to less than 7 % and trans fat to less than1 % of daily calorie intake<300 mgLimit cholesterol intake to less than 300 mg per day.You have a daily energy need—the amount of calories (or energy units) your body needs to function and provide energy for your activities. Think of it as a budget. In a daily calorie budget, the essentials are the minimum number of calories you need to meet your nutrient needs.Depending on the foods you choose and the amount of physical activity you do each day, you may have more calories left over for “extras” that can be used on treats like solid fats, added sugars and alcohol. These are discretionary calories, or calories to be spent at your discretion.2/3 tspLimit sodium intake to 1,500 mg per day(this is about 2/3 teaspoon of salt).
6Make simple changes when choosing foods Choose:fresh, frozen and canned vegetables and fruits in light sauce/syrup, sugar-free, or low-sodium varietieswhole-grain products, beans, fruits and vegetables to increase fiberliquid vegetable oils in place of solid fatsLean cuts of meatGrill, bake or broil fish, meat and poultryChoose whole fruits and vegetables in place of juicesAvoidLimit beverages and foods high in added sugarsCut back on pastries and high-calorie bakery productsRemove skin from poultry before eatingUse the nutrition facts panel and ingredients list when choosing foods to buy, look for the AHA Heart Check Mark
7Limit portion sizes por·tion [pawr-shuhn, pohr-] Noun: the amount of a single food item served in a single eating occasion, such as a meal or a snack.**Many people confuse portion size with serving size, which is a standardized unit of measuring foods—for example, a cup or ounce.For example, bagels or muffins are often sold in sizes that constitute at least two servings, but consumers often eat the whole thing, thinking that they have eaten one serving. They do not realize that they have selected a large portion size that was more than one serving.1 portion = 2 servings
8Watch your portion sizes Many portions served in restaurants and at home are more than one serving.1 cup of vegetables or fruit3 oz portion of meat, fish or poultry1 single serving bagel1 oz of cheeseUse these visuals to help you judge what a portion size should be:1 cup of vegetables or fruit is about the size of a baseball.A three-ounce portion of meat, fish, or poultry is about the size of a deck of cards.A single-serving bagel is the size of a hockey puck.1 ounce of cheese is the size of 3 dice.1 baked potato is the size of a computer mouse.1 baked potato
10Spice it up!Limit your use of salt when preparing foods and at the tableWhen using commercially prepared foods alone or in recipes, check the label for sodium content.Try a variety of herbs and spices to enhance food’s natural flavors without adding salt (sodium).Enjoy some interesting new flavors by trying a variety of herbs and spices to enhance food’s natural flavors without adding salt (sodium).Limit your use of salt when preparing foods and at the table. When using commercially prepared foods alone or in recipes, check the label for sodium content.
115 Tips for success Make eating an activity in itself. Be a list-maker. Focus on what you can do.Stay positive!Take baby steps.Make eating an activity in itself. Don’t pair it with other activities like watching TV or reading. That can lead to overeating.Be a list-maker. Create a grocery-shopping list and stick to it. Planning ahead can help keep you on track and reduce the temptation to buy items that may defeat your healthy eating plan.Focus on what you can do. Eat more fruits and vegetables, substitute low-fat or fat free dairy products. Stay positive!Take baby steps. Choose 1-2 areas in your diet to modify as a beginning.
12Losing weight and maintaining weight loss Talk to your physician, nurse or healthcare provider for assistance. Make a plan together.Be informed and know your body mass index (BMI).To achieve steady weight loss, eat calories less each day.60 minutes of physical activity most days of the week is recommended for adults attempting to loose or maintain weight** All other adults should accumulate at least 30 minutes ofphysical activity most days of the week, for a total of 150minutes of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity
13At the heart of health is good nutrition. The result will be a healthier you and improved quality of life!At the heart of health is good nutrition.Get information on diet goals, heart-smart shopping, healthy cooking, dining out, recipes and more in the Nutrition Center at