Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF SHRINKAGE BEHAVIOR OF RIGID AND STRETCHABLE DENIM FABRICS APPLYING DIFFERENT WASHING TECHNIQUES Nadeem Afraz Lecturer (Textile Engineering)"— Presentation transcript:
THE STUDY OF SHRINKAGE BEHAVIOR OF RIGID AND STRETCHABLE DENIM FABRICS APPLYING DIFFERENT WASHING TECHNIQUES Nadeem Afraz Lecturer (Textile Engineering) Bahauddin Zakariya University College of Textile Engineering, Multan. Dr. Nabeel Amin Director/Asst. Professor (Textiles) Institute of Textile and Industrial Sciences, UMT, Lahore. 3 rd International Conference on Textiles and Clothing organized by Institute of Textile & Industrial Sciences, UMT Lahore with collaboration of Society of dyers & Colorists and The Textile Institute, UK.
2 Abstract The shrinkage margins of garment before washing are set in blanket form, and after washing these shrinkage margins do not meet pre-calculated shrinkage values and ultimately garment fit to body out sizes marginally.
3 Objectives of Studies To control the dimension variations of garments To control the size chart variations To improve MARKER efficiency. To reduce rejection rate. To identify shrinkage changes with respect to the type of fabric.
4 The term shrinkage can simply be defined as a change in the dimensions of a fabric or garment, there are number of factors that influence fabrics One major factor is that fabric Shrink because it under stresses during manufacturing and in relaxed form while garment washed. Shrinkage Behavior
5 Experiment Design Fabric Selection: Denim fabric is manufactured in a number of types but with the view of preciseness we select its major kinds which are in 3/1 Right hand twill (RHT) Rigid and Stretchable with weight range 9 Ozs./yd.
6 Shrinkage Test Shrinkage percentage was calculated in both warp and weft directions by using AATCC test method 135-2004. Conditioning of Samples: Temperature:21 o C ± 1 o C Relative humidity: 65% ± 2% Time:4 hours before and 4 hours after wash Two form of denim were used to compare shrinkage: 1. Blankets 2. Panels/Leg tubes.
7 Stages of Garment Washing Process Washing Process Stone washEnzyme washBleach wash Stage 1 Load of Garment and stones Load of Garment Stage 2 Enzymatic Desizing Stage 3 Rinse Stage 4 Stone washEnzyme washBleach wash Stage 5 Rinse Stage 6 Extract Stage 7 Tumble Dryer Stage 8 Unload
8 Recipe for Enzyme De-sizing NameQuantity Enzyme50ml (1% on the wt of garment) Antistain50ml (1% on the wt of garment) Wetting Agent 25ml (0.5% on the wt of garment) De-sizing Procedure Liquor Ratio 1:10 Temperature @ 140 °F Process time 15 minutes Loading Capacity 120 Kgs Extraction at 450 RPM. Rinse time 3 minutes
9 Recipe for Stone Wash NameQuantity Weight of stone5kg (Standard weight) Antistain25ml (0.5% on the wt of garment) Chemwet25ml (0.5% on the wt of garment) Stone Wash Procedure Temperature @ 140 °F Process time 40 minutes Rinse time 3 minutes Loading Capacity 120 Kgs Extraction at 450 RPM Rinse time 3 minutes
10 Recipe for Enzyme wash NameQuantity Valuemax(A326)50ml Antistain25ml (0.5% on the wt of garment) Chemwet25ml (0.5% on the wt of garment) Enzyme Washing Procedure Temperature @ 140 °F Process time 40 minutes Rinse time 3 minutes Loading Capacity 120 Kgs Extraction at 450 RPM
11 Recipe for Bleach Wash NameQuantity NaOCl1 liter Antichlor500 gm Bleach Washing Procedure Temperature @ 140 °F Process time 40 minutes Rinse time 3 minutes Loading Capacity 120 Kgs Extraction at 450 RPM Rinse time 3 minutes
12 Warp Shrinkage (Rigid Fabric)
13 Weft Shrinkage (Rigid Fabric)
14 Warp Shrinkage (Stretchable Fabric)
15 Weft Shrinkage (Stretchable Fabric)
16 Results and Discussion In general Shrinkage is greater in Blanket Form than in Panels in all washing techniques. Enzymatic De-sizing causes minimum Shrinkage in Stretchable fabric either in Blanket or Panel form. Stretchable fabric shrinks more in weft because Lycra is used in it.
17 Recommendations It is recommended that in denim garment manufacturing the shrinkage should be measured in panel form rather than in blanket form and size chart be made accordingly based on the shrinkage rate occur in panel followed by specific washing technique demanded by customer. The shrinkage margins may be set in size chart of garment as per required wash and garment will ultimately fit to size that will ultimately reduce rejection and alteration rate of the garment unit Shrinkage margin may be considered in MARKER Making-- that will improve marker efficiency and reduce wastage while calculating fabric for an order.
18 Future works 1. Study of construction shrinkage of the denim fabric. 2. Study of processing shrinkage to make formula to calculate shrinkage on each washing technique. 3. Study of performance properties of denim fabric/ garment applying different washing techniques.