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COCKTAILSCOCKTAILS History Types Recipes. HISTORY The History of the Cocktail The true creation of a popular cocktail can be traced to the nineteenth.

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Presentation on theme: "COCKTAILSCOCKTAILS History Types Recipes. HISTORY The History of the Cocktail The true creation of a popular cocktail can be traced to the nineteenth."— Presentation transcript:

1 COCKTAILSCOCKTAILS History Types Recipes

2 HISTORY The History of the Cocktail The true creation of a popular cocktail can be traced to the nineteenth century. One early written reference to the term "cocktail" (as a drink based on spirits with other spirits and additives) can be found in an American magazine, The Balance, published in May It stated that a "Cocktail is a stimulating liquor, composed of spirits of any kind, sugar, water, and bitters..." 1860 to 1920 – California: The Birthplace of the First Cocktails The cocktail's fragmented history begins in the nineteenth century. One of the first modern cocktails to be named and recognized is the martini. It can be traced back to an 1862 recipe for the Martinez. This American recipe consisted of four parts sweet red vermouth to one part gin, garnished with a cherry. "Professor" Jerry Thomas tended the bar of the old Occidental Hotel in San Francisco and reputedly made the drink for a gold miner on his way to the town of Martinez, which lay forty miles to the east. The recipe for the Martinez in Thomas' 1887 bartender's guide called for Old Tom gin, sweet vermouth, a dash of maraschino and bitters, as well as a slice of lemon and two dashes of gum syrup. What we do know is that by 1900, the martini had become known nationwide and had spread to the other side of the Atlantic. This is said by some to be the beginning of the golden age of cocktails. During this time a basic list of cocktails emerged and steadily became more and more popular.

3 A popular story behind the Cocktail name refers to a rooster's tail (or cock tail) being used as a Colonial drink garnish. There are no formal references in recipe to such a garnish. The rooster theory is also said to have been influenced by the colors of the mixed ingredients, which may resemble the colors of the cock's tail. This would be a good tale today given our colorful array of ingredients, but at the time spirits were visually bland. The British publication, Bartender, published a story in 1936 of English sailors, of decades before, being served mixed drinks in Mexico. The drinks were stirred with a Cola de Gallo (Cock's tail), a long root of similar shape to the birds tail. Cocktail may have derived from the French term for egg cup, coquetel. The word Cocktail may be a distant derivation of the name for the Aztec goddess, Xochitl. Xochitl was also the name of a Mexican princess who served drinks to American soldiers. Another horse tail supposes the influence of breeders term for a mix breed horse, or cock-tails. Both racing and drinking were popular among the majority of Americans at the time and its possible the term transferred from mixed breeds to mixed drinks. There's a quirky story of an American tavern keeper who stored alcohol in a ceramic, rooster-shaped container. When patrons wanted another round they tapped the roosters tail. In George Bishops The Booze Reader: A Soggy Saga of Man in His Cups (1965) he says, "The word itself stems from the English cock-tail which, in the middle 1800s, referred to a woman of easy virtue who was desirable but impure…and applied to the newly acquired American habit of bastardizing good British Gin with foreign matter, including ice

4 COCKTAILS It is a mixed drink consisting of two or more ingredients Usually a spirit base and a flavouring, colouring ingredient or a modifier. Cocktails maybe short or long Can be served before dinner or after dinner Pre dinner cocktails are Whisky Sour, Manhattan, Martini etc After dinner cocktails are usually sweet and creamy – frappes, Alexanders etc

5 COCKTAILS Measures for cocktails: 1.Nip – 30 ml 2.Dash – just a few drops 3.A Split - a small drink bottle( about 285 ml) that is used for cocktails mainly as bigger bottles can go flat

6 RULES FOR MAKING COCKTAILS Keep it simple Follow formula – one base spirit plus one or two liqueurs and one or more non alcoholic ingredients Do not make cocktails with more than 3 spirits Present it well

7 METHODS OF MIXING COCKTAILS SHAKING – Put all ingredients together with plenty of ice in a cocktail shaker and shake them till the shaker is frosty- unless recipe states, always strain and serve – NEVER Shake fizzy ingredients such as champagne or post mix – always add fizzy drink later A traditional shaker has three parts – the based, strainer and the lid – not common in bars now Boston Shaker – Two halves – one fitting over other American Shaker – Two halves, one is glass and other is metal

8 Hawthorne Strainer – is designed to strain mixed drinks – the prong fit over the side of the mixing glass to hold it. The wire coil can be removed to clean STIRRING – Clear drinks are stirred with ice, not shaken. Clear drinks do not contain any milk, fruit juice or cream. Put all ingredients in a mixing glass, stir with a long handled bar spoon, strain and serve

9 BLEND – usually done in an electric blender – used with fresh fruit, fruit pieces, cream – Key is to use little ice as it will dilute the cocktail. Carbonated drink if any used in recipe is always added after the ingredients are blended and at the end. BUILDING – Put ice in glass first and other ingredients, stirred and garnish added. Usually a stirrer or swizzle stick is added.

10 LAYERING –These drinks are built in the glass, NOT STIRRED. Drinks are poured over end of a bar spoon to minimise disturbing the drink. Usually the most thick liquid at the bottom followed by less thick etc – Eg Shooters MUDDLING –Refers to drinks that are crushed using a muddle stick in a mixing glass – Most popular cocktails today Eg. Mojito

11 SHOOTERS – Served in a shot glass. Layered drinks – pour on the side and start to bring glass upright – a mixologist technique! Eg B 52 PRESENTATION – Presentation of cocktails is very important – correct glass, correct garnish etc

12 COCKTAIL GLASSES Shot – 60 ml Martini – 90 ml Manhattan – 140 ml

13 Champagne Saucer – 180 ml Champagne Flute – 180 ml Champagne Tulip – 180 ml Old Fashioned – 200 ml Hi Ball – 300 ml Brandy Balloon – 300 ml Colada Glass – 400 ml


15 Frosting a glass – done by wetting the rim of glass with lemon, water, spirit or orange juice and then placing glass upside down on a small plate of sugar or salt Chilling of a glass – Use glasses that are chilled in fridge or place ice in glass when cocktail is being made – the idea is to serve the cocktail in a chilled glass

16 COCKTAIL GARNISHES Garnish is added to cocktail to add colour and flavour – Eg cocktail onion is used for Gibson, Cherry for Sweet Martini, Olive for Dry Martini Garnishes should be made fresh for the day – but not all fruit can be cut in advance

17 COCKTAIL GARNISHES Rules for Fruit garnishes – Bananas & Apples to be cut only when needed – they will go off otherwise Celery can be cut before service Cherrries can be cut and prepared before service Melon can be prepared before service Pineapple wedges can be prepared before service Kiwi fruit should only be cut just before cocktail times eg 4 pm Mint must be refrigerated after cleaning and in air tight container Citrus Fruits – Lemon, Limes, Orange can

18 COCKTAIL GARNISHES Twists – Fruit to be cut thin(about 1 cm wide and five cm long) for a twist and then twist the slice over the drink – used in Martinis Spirals - Use a peeler or a paring knife to cut a long peel – used in cocktails where one end of the spiral is held inside glass by ice and other over glass

19 SYRUPS AND NON ALCOHOLIC INGREDIENTS Coconut Cream Grenadine Orgeat Syrup – almond flavoured syrup Sugar Syrup Juices Fruit Flavoured Syrups – Monin brand such as hazelnut, cherry, coffee etc

20 SERVICE OF COCKTAILS Usually served in lounge bars Always use a tray to carry glasses Place glasses on tables with coasters under them

21 BUILD COCKTAILS NameIngredientsGlassRemarks ScrewdriverVodka & Orange Juice Hi ballOrange Slice is garnish Rusty NailScotch & DrambuieOld FashionedNo garnish GodfatherScotch & AmarettoOld FashionedNo garnish Irish CoffeeIrish Whiskey, Coffee & Cream Latte GlassCoffee bean Cuba LibreRum & ColaHi Ball GlassLime Wedge Dark & StormyRum & Ginger BeerHi Ball GlassLime Wedge Bucks FizzChampagne & Orange Juice Champagne FluteOrange Peel Old FashionedBourbon, sugar syrup, bitters Old FashionedOrange twist and cherry Tequila SunriseTequila, Orange Juice, Grenadine Hi Ball GlassOrange Slice


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