Presentation on theme: "Matching Author’s Purpose to the Structure of the Text"— Presentation transcript:
1Matching Author’s Purpose to the Structure of the Text
2Think-Pair-Share Certain things in life just seem to make sense together such as:Having a cake when it’s your birthdayWearing a helmet when riding a bikeHaving a camera while on vacationDressing up nice for a weddingCan you think of some other things that make sense together?Write down at least five things in your reading notebook.
3Think-Pair-Share And certain things in life just don’t seem to make sense together such as:Putting jelly on your pizza- yuk!Wearing a wool coat when it’s 100 degrees outWearing sunglasses at nightBringing an umbrella to an indoor baseball gameCan you think of some other things that don’t make sense together?Write down at least five things in your reading notebook.
4Think-Pair-Share Now think of one of your favorite books. If you were going to try to convince someone toread your favorite book by creating a poster about it, what wouldyou include on it? Take a few minutes to design a posterfor your favorite book in your reading notebook.Be ready to share why you put what you did on your poster.
5Author’s Purpose & Text Structure Just like a cake at a birthday party or your movie poster, the text structure and purpose that the author uses in will make sense together. Now let’s take a closer look at:Author’s PurposeText Structure
6Think-Pair-Share What are some reasons that an author would choose to write non-fiction?
7Author’s mainly write non-fiction to: Author’s PurposeAuthor’s mainly write non-fiction to:PersuadeExample…“Saving the Dolphins of the Deep Blue Waters”Inform“Dolphins of the Deep Blue Waters”Entertain“Swimming and Talking with the Dolphins”If you have time, watch this 5-minute video to help understand Author’s Purpose
8Think-Pair-ShareNon-fiction text has many different types of structure. Can you think of any? If you need help, use a non-fiction book for a reference.
9Some Forms of Non-Fiction Structure ChronologicalSequentialDescriptionCause/EffectCompare/ContrastCan you describe these structures?
10Forms of Non-Fiction Structure Chronological text structure is when the author uses dates and puts information in a chronological order.Sequential text structure is when the author puts steps in order- sort of like how you would go about making your favorite chocolate chip cookie recipe.Descriptive text structure is when the author describes or explains about something.Cause/Effect text structure is when the author describes the effect that an event has on something else.Compare/Contrast text structure is when the author compares one event or thing to another.
11Good Readers…Good readers understand that the author’s reason (purpose) for writing the book should match up with the structure of the text.Good readers are able to identify the structure of the text and the author’s purpose for writing it.Good readers understand that an author may use more than one type of structure when writing.
12Let’s look closer at how The two working together… If you picked up a book titled “Recipes from Homes Around the World”, what do you think the author’s purpose would be (entertain, persuade, or inform)?
13Author’s PurposeThe author of the book titled, “Recipes from Homes Around the World”, would probably be writing to inform a reader about some interesting recipes from the other parts of the world.
14Now Let’s take a look at text Structure… In the same book, “Recipes from Homes Around the World”, what do you think the author would use for text structure (chronological, sequential, descriptive, cause/effect, or compare/contrast)?
15Text StructureThe author of the book, “Recipes from Homes Around the World”, would probably use sequential for the recipes and possibly compare/contrast for the different types of recipes found around the world.
16Think-Pair-ShareThink of a non-fiction book that you have read. Can you think of what the author’s purpose was for writing it and what text structure was used?
17Remember…Good readers understand that the author’s reason (purpose) for writing the book should match up with the structure of the text.Good readers are able to identify the structure of the text and the author’s purpose for writing it.Good readers understand that an author may use more than one type of structure when writing.
18Teacher Read AloudNow that you understand how the author’s purpose and text structure connect, listen as your teacher reads a non-fiction text to you.Listen as he/she models how to identify the author’s purpose and the text structure.Listen as your teacher explains why the author chose to write the way he/she did.Author’s PurposeText StructureReason (s)
19Putting Strategy Into Practice… For this strategy practice, you will need a non-fiction book, textbook, or classroom magazine.In your reading notebook, draw a chart like the one below.Write the title and author at the top of the page.Then try to fill in the chart the best you can.Author’s PurposeText StructureReason (s)