2Four stages of group work: 1. Initial stage (forming)2. Transitional stage (storming& norming)3. Working stage (performing)4. Final stage (adjourning)
3Initial Stage (forming) = Orientation and exploration Typical experience = varying degrees of anxietyand concern about how you will fit into the groupTasks:• Identify specific goals and expectations ofmembers. Inclusion and identity are importantin developing trust and cohesion.Important Behaviors:• Actively listen to each members’ concerns.• Acknowledge thoughts, feelings, ideas.
4Transition Stage (storming) = Members typically jockey for position & establish it.Typical experience = Feelings of competition, rivalry,and division of responsibility. Can be uncomfortablebecause of conflict.Tasks:• Establish how the group will function.Important Behaviors:• Maintain good communication between members.• Actively listen to each others ideas and concerns.• Treat each other with respect and professionalism.
5The storming phase ends with “norming”, where agreementhas been reached about howthe group will operate.
6Working Stage (performing) = Tasks are completed and goals are reached.Tasks:• Do the work that needs to be done.• Provide feedback and support about progress.Important Behaviors:• Do work in a timely fashion.• Be prepared for meetings.• Communicate effectively with other members.
7Final Stage (adjourning) = Consolidation and termination. Goals have been met and the processcomes to completion.Tasks:• Determine final stages of project work.• Determine final tasks for group members.Important Behaviors:Continue to: • Do work in a timely fashion.• Be prepared for meetings.• Communicate effectively withother members.