2 Four stages of group work: 1. Initial stage (forming)2. Transitional stage (storming& norming)3. Working stage (performing)4. Final stage (adjourning)
3 Initial Stage (forming) = Orientation and exploration Typical experience = varying degrees of anxietyand concern about how you will fit into the groupTasks:• Identify specific goals and expectations ofmembers. Inclusion and identity are importantin developing trust and cohesion.Important Behaviors:• Actively listen to each members’ concerns.• Acknowledge thoughts, feelings, ideas.
4 Transition Stage (storming) = Members typically jockey for position & establish it.Typical experience = Feelings of competition, rivalry,and division of responsibility. Can be uncomfortablebecause of conflict.Tasks:• Establish how the group will function.Important Behaviors:• Maintain good communication between members.• Actively listen to each others ideas and concerns.• Treat each other with respect and professionalism.
5 The storming phase ends with “norming”, where agreementhas been reached about howthe group will operate.
6 Working Stage (performing) = Tasks are completed and goals are reached.Tasks:• Do the work that needs to be done.• Provide feedback and support about progress.Important Behaviors:• Do work in a timely fashion.• Be prepared for meetings.• Communicate effectively with other members.
7 Final Stage (adjourning) = Consolidation and termination. Goals have been met and the processcomes to completion.Tasks:• Determine final stages of project work.• Determine final tasks for group members.Important Behaviors:Continue to: • Do work in a timely fashion.• Be prepared for meetings.• Communicate effectively withother members.
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