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Greetings! Discovering What Works for Adult Emerging Readers: Research and Results Presented by Geneen D. Massey with Loreta Jordan March 31, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Greetings! Discovering What Works for Adult Emerging Readers: Research and Results Presented by Geneen D. Massey with Loreta Jordan March 31, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greetings! Discovering What Works for Adult Emerging Readers: Research and Results Presented by Geneen D. Massey with Loreta Jordan March 31, 2011

2 Objectives for Presentation 1.Define strengths and challenges for Emerging Adult Readers who, despite having normal intelligence, have been unsuccessful in learning to read. 2.Name strategies, resources and references which will help your Emerging Adult Readers.

3 Activity #1 Think about an adult learner who, despite having normal intelligence and having attending years of English classes, has been unable to decode words. 1.On one index card, answer Who is she/he? 2.On another index card, answer What are her/his strengths? 3.On another, answer What are her/his challenges?

4 The Strengths of Emerging Adult Readers

5 The Challenges for Emerging Adult Readers Q: Why does the New York cab driver avoid hitting pedestrians? A: I always try to avoid hittin em because every time ya hit one, ya gotta write out a long report about it (Lerner & Johns, 2009, 432).

6 If it takes the normal learner 25 hours, it takes the dyslexic 125. [The square root of 25 is 5 and 25 x 5 = 125.] If it takes the normal learner 100 hours, it takes the dyslexic [The square root of 100 is 10 and 10 x 100 = 1000] (Nicholson and Fawcett, 2008) Square Root Law

7 A major theme in research and practice focused on adults with LD is that effective interventions for this heterogeneous group are appropriate for all individuals who struggle with learning.

8 Areas of weakness can be remediated, but those areas will remain a relative weakness compared with areas of strength (Bradley, Danielson, & Hallahan, 2002)

9 The way a persons brain functions sets up a predisposition for one or more weaknesses related to key learning processes that comprise reading, math and written expression. (Fletcher, Lyon, Fuchs, & Barnes, 2007.)

10 LD often run in families. If there is a family history of LD, the probability of having LD is significantly increased (Shaywitz, Morris, & Shaywitz, 2008).

11 Cross-cultural research indicates that individuals exhibit characteristics associated with LD across the world. (Paulesu et al, 2001; Sideridis, 2007)

12 Explicit instruction Research on adolescents and adults with learning disabilities (LD) clearly indicates that a more structured teaching approach, known as explicit instruction, is associated with significant learning gains. (Hock, 2009; Swanson & Deshler, 2003)

13 Explicit instruction Once the task is identified, a series of steps is developed for the learner to follow. Key teacher behaviors include providing clear explanations, modeling the strategy steps, practicing with the learner, and providing positive and corrective feedback. (Hock, 2009.)

14 Intervention CASE Study – click black box to activate 15 minute video

15 Intervention Laubach Method Loreta Jordan demonstrated.

16 Resources 1.Learning to Achieve: Professional Guide to Educating Adults with Learning Disabilities 2.Helpful websites for supplemental learning 3.Reading Horizons and Wilson Language Catalogs

17 Resources 4. Samples from the Wilson Assessment for Decoding and Encoding 5. Audio files of consonants and vowels with key words 6. Reading Horizons and Wilson Language Catalogs

18 Activity #2 1.Think again about the student you thought about at the beginning of the presentation. 2.What recommendations come to mind which might help move your student beyond his or her reading level plateau?

19 Did We Meet the Objectives for Presentation? 1.Define strengths and challenges for Emerging Adult Readers who, despite having normal intelligence, have been unsuccessful in learning to read. 2.Name strategies, resources and references which will help your Emerging Adult Readers.


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