Presentation on theme: "Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre Centre Objective : Providing Science & Technology based information on Natural Disaster to the Government."— Presentation transcript:
Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre Centre Objective : Providing Science & Technology based information on Natural Disaster to the Government & General Public. (A Regd. Society and Autonomous Body, Affiliated to Dept. of Science & Technology, GoK) Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan Road, Near Attur Layout, Yelahanka, Bangalore Website: Phone: Director: Fax:
Agro based Sector Advices & Services of KSNDMC Common Man Agrarian Community Fisherman Transport Sector Power & Energy Irrigation R & D
Role of KSNDMC in SUJALA III Guide in establishing Automatic Weather Stations in Watersheds and Data acquisition / Analysis Guide in establishing Automatic Weather Stations in Watersheds and Data acquisition / Analysis Undertake weather analysis for identifying frequency of droughts and evolve plans related to climate smart farming Undertake weather analysis for identifying frequency of droughts and evolve plans related to climate smart farming Capacity Building Capacity Building Climate variability Climate variability Weather advisory in Project Areas Weather advisory in Project Areas Data needs and its Institutionalization Data needs and its Institutionalization
Weather informatics for forecast enabled precision agriculture The farmers have proved capable of adopting new technologies ; modern methods have made way into our farming practices. There are problems, however, that still cause immense hardship to our farmers, and where conventional technologies can not help. An example is the cost of irrigation. A marginal farmer has to hire and transport irrigation equipment; each irrigation episode costs about ` Owing to such costs, farmers are usually burdened by loans that reduce income and also bring down their morale. THE SCIENCE SOLUTION Advance knowledge of imminent rain to avoid unnecessary irrigation Computer-aided dynamical forecasts to decide irrigation scheduling
Weather informatics for forecast enabled precision agriculture THE CHALLENGE OF OUTREACH Solution must be with: Immediate and tangible benefits Immediate and tangible benefits No risk due to error in forecast No risk due to error in forecast Easy access for implementation Easy access for implementation ~75% ACCURACY IN COUNT OF RAINY DAYS IN A MONTH Forecast disseminated through Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC) Validation using high-density raingauge network of KSNDMC Farmers do not need precise values of rainfall or temperature: Forecast rainfall categories Forecast must be at high spatial resolution: Forecast at village cluster (Hobli) level
A small or marginal farmer needs to spend ~ Rs 2500 for every irrigation episode This reduces the net earning of the farmer, and increases the loan burden Irrigation also adds to energy and carbon footprints of agriculture THE CHALLENGE OF OUTREACH Solution must be with Immediate and tangible benefits less risk due to error in forecast Easy access for implementation A science solution is not necessarily an outreach solution The area was receiving continuous rain and he would plan harvesting of banana crop if there was no rain in the next 3 days. The information based on the rainfall forecast helped him. Feedback from: Sh.Rudragoud a OPERATIONAL SINCE JULY, 2010 WITH HAPPY END USERS OPERATIONAL Along with its various ICT methods, KSNDMC also maintains a 24x7 Help Desk Sh. Basavaraj Pattadakallu, Bagalkote district Sh. Balakrishna, Farmer FromArkalgud, Contacts the HELP DESK of KSNDMC. He had taken up cultivation of tobacco and wishes to know whether it would rain or not in the next 3 to 4 days to plan irrigation schedule. He was informed about imminent rain in his hobli based on the forecast of C-MMACS. He called later to inform that the forecast helped him to save about `.2,500. He contacted the HELP DESK of KSNDMC for weather forecasts. The forecasts were found to be correct in most cases. He greatly benefited from these forecasts, especially for planning sowing, fertilizer applications and insecticide/pesticide applications Climate and Environmental Modelling Programme Celebrating 25 Yearswww.cmmacs.ernet.in THE SCIENCE SOLUTION Advance knowledge of imminent rain to avoid unnecessary irrigation Computer-aided dynamical forecasts to decide irrigation scheduling PRODUCT DESIGN: UNDERSTANDING USER NEEDS Forecast is used to advise farmers when NOT to irrigate if rain is imminent An error in forecast only delays irrigation: risk-free Accurate forecast saves the expenditure: tangible benefit Reduced irrigation provides long-term benifits
GPRS Enabled and Solar Powered Telemetric Rain Gauge Stations (TRG) Network In Karnataka
GPRS Enabled and Solar powered Telemetric Weather Stations (TWS) network in Karnataka
Existing network Telemetric Rain Gauge in all the 5785 Grampanchayaths Telemetric Weather Stations in all the 747 Hoblis A Rainfall monitoring station at every 32 sq. Km A Weather monitoring station at every 270 sq. Km SUJALA-III project needs Weather Monitoring Station at every 5 sq. Km KSNDMC can take up the installation of compatible Weather Monitoring Stations and Integrate with the Existing Network.
Daily Rainfall Maps of Karnataka
Improvement in capturing Spatial Resolution of Rainfall Example: Bhalki Taluk, Bidar District 1.One rain gauge for the taluk 2.Hobli level telemetric rain gauge without Interpolation 3.Hobli level telemetric rain gauge with Interpolation by krigging 123
Improvement in capturing Spatial Resolution of Rainfall at Grama Panchayath level - Example: Haveri Hobli 123
Maximum difference is observed 2.8°C at 05:00 am of 18 th December 2012 Variation in Temperature measured in a area of 200 m x 200 m at KUDUR Hobli in Ramanagara District.
Hobli-Level Weather Forecast
KSNDMC in collaboration with CSIR-CMMACS, Bangalore has developed a meso-scale model for Hobli level Rainfall Forecast. Hobli level Rainfall Forecast is issued twice a day at 8.30 am and 4.30 pm everyday. KSNDMC in collaboration with SAC, Ahmadabad has been issuing Hobli level Weather Forecast. Hobli level Weather Forecast is issued everyday day at 12 hrs, 24 hrs, 36 hrs, 48 hrs, 60 hrs and 72 hrs format. Hobli level Weather Forecast includes Temperature (T C), Relative Humidity (RH %), Wind Direction, Wind Speed (m/s) and Rainfall (mm). Issuing synoptic weather forecast for 7 days and 15 days format.
24 hrs rainfall forecast Valid for am of to am 0f
Hobli - wise Rainfall Forecast over karnataka:Yadgir Forecast Bulletin 2013/10/07/YDR-07.1 Date of Forecast: 07/10/2013 Time of Forecast: 08:30 AM Forecast Period: 08:30 AM of 07/10/2013 To 08:30 AM of 08/10/2013 Yadgir DISTRIC SUMMERYTALUK SUMMERY HOBLI SUMMERY HOBLI NAME RAINFALL( mm) RAINFALL CATEGORY TALUK SUMMARY HOBLI SUMMARY Shahapur 5Hobli(s) MR Shahapur13.4 Doranahlli11.5 Gogi (Gugipet)12.4 Hayyala Buzurg10.8 Wadagera13.9 Shorapur 1Hobli(s) LR 4Hobli(s) MR Shorapur26.7 Hunasagi6.5 Kakkeri21.9 Kembhavi9.2 Kodekal17.8 Yadgir 1Hobli(s) VLR 2Hobli(s) LR 3Hobli(s) MR Yadgir1.4 Balichakra9.9 Gurmatkal4.1 Hattikuni7.7 Konakal4.3 Saidapur8.4 The Forecast represents category of 24-hr accumulated rainfall over the area Based on the pilot studies carries out by CSIR Centre for Mathmatical Modelling & Computer Simulation (C-MMACS), in association with KSNDMC, an AutonomousBody, affiliated to Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of Karnataka Disclaimer: The Mesoscale Rainfall Forecast Model Development has been taken up on pilot experimental basis. The results are being shared with the users with the information that neither CSIR C-MMACS nor KSNDMC will be responsible for the deviations for the Forecasted
VARUNA MITRA is equipped with the Technology to: Receive 32 calls simultaneously. Functions on 24x7x365 basis. Provide Hobli-specific weather forecast & information – 30 LINES
Interactive Help-Desk VARUNA MITRA Telephone Numbers In order to disseminate Hobli level weather forecast and Information directly to generally public, especially farmers, an interactive Help-desk VARUNA MITRA has been functioning at KSNDMC.
Year wise Call details.
Month wise Call Details from Jan – Sep 2013
SATELLITE BASED AGRICULTURAL DROUGHT ASSESSMENT
Proposed Doppler Weather Radar Network Over Karnataka Coast
Doppler Weather Radar for rain detection
Green circles are the Proposed 2 sites of IMD Red circles are the Proposed 8 sites of C Band Doppler Weather Radars by KSNDMC Gap Filling with X band Doppler weather Radars Proposed Net Work of Doppler Weather Radars
KSNDMC Web-Portal www. ksndmc.org
29 Web enabled information dissemination to farmers at Raitha Samparka Kendras – providing weather details