Presentation on theme: "Klima Climate Change Center 8 July 2005"— Presentation transcript:
1 Klima Climate Change Center 8 July 2005 Dissemination Workshop for Mapping Philippine Vulnerability to Environmental DisastersKlima Climate Change Center8 July 2005Center for Environmental GeomaticsClimate Studies DivisionManila Observatory
2 OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION OBJECTIVES OF THE WORKSHOPTHE VM-DENR PROJECTWHERE DOES THE MONEY GO?DISASTER LANGUAGETHEORETICAL FRAMEWORKHAZARDSSTATEMENT OF THE MAPPING PROBLEMTHE GIS APPROACHCATEGORIES OF FACTORSDIRECTIONS
3 OBJECTIVES OF THE WORKSHOP To disseminate findings of the projectTo obtain feedback on the usefulness of resultsTo find out how best to inform the public about project resultsTo explore follow-up activities arising from results and feedback on themMechanics
4 Targetted and localized action THE VM-DENR PROJECT“Mapping Philippine Vulnerability to Environmental Disasters”Susceptibility to and capacity to cope with stressesSpatial informationSpatial analysesTargetted and localized actionCollective impacts of damaging events upon our surroundings
6 DISASTER LANGUAGE Risk = Hazard x Exposure x Vulnerability capacity of community to prepare, absorb, recover from hazardVulnerabilityelements affected by hazardExposurephysical impact of disturbanceHazardlikelihood of harm, loss, disasterRiskRisk = Hazard x Exposure x Vulnerability
9 STATEMENT OF THE MAPPING PROBLEM The concept of vulnerability, coupled with its geographic or spatial perspective, gives us meaningful insights.In particular, vulnerability mapping (VM) assists in spatial analyses towards the formulation of more effective ways to respond in terms of:Policy and decision-makingStrategizing adaptation.
10 THE GIS APPROACHThe GIS approach, as illustrated, facilitates:
11 THE GIS APPROACH Cont’d Base mapping with administrative units,Grouping of map themes by categories and sub-categories,Breakdown of legends into variables and their corresponding characteristics,Overlaying and/ or correlation of themes of different types and forms,Change detection or multitemporal studies for monitoring conditions.
12 THE GIS APPROACH Cont’d Comparative matrices complement mapping by way of:Spatial databases, based on which logical and/ or numerical operations are performed,Comparison across spatial units, these being regions and provinces,Comparison across different themes by category of hazards and disasters,Merging of qualitative with quantitative assessments.
13 CATEGORIES OF FACTORSThe Manila Observatory and its research partners have been aware of complex factors at play in the occurence of disasters:Climate/ weather-related,Geophysical,Ecological,Anthropogenic (Human/ Developmental).
14 CATEGORIES OF FACTORS Cont’d These categories guided the application of GIS in VMThe boundaries of these categories are not strict or absolute or the categories are not exclusive.Each category of factors has unique characteristics.These complicate overlays and intersections within and across categories.
15 DIRECTIONSThe generation of composite (aggregated) vulnerability indices via GIS is promising at both national and local scales.There is a need to localize disaster vulnerability identification and mapping for the country.Integrated Marine and Terrestrial PrioritiesLand CoverLand UseClassification(2 versions)Philippine EcoregionsNAMRIA Base Map by ProvinceGroundwater AvailabilityGroundwater ResourceTypes of HabitatPhilippine Forest Coverand Cover Types 1997and Projected 1999Major River Basins,Water Resources Regionsand Critical WatershedsThreatened Resources and BiodiversitySlope map
16 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSDepartment of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)The Ford FoundationLuis A. Yulo Foundation for Sustainable Development (LAYFSD)National Disaster Coordination Council, Office of Civil Defense (NDCC/ OCD)Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services and Administration (PAGASA)Urban Research Consortium (URC)
17 PROJECT TEAM Fr. Jose Ramon T. Villarin, SJ Dr. May Celine T.M. VicenteEngr. Ellen Rose E. CanieteClimate and Weather-Related FactorsMs. Lourdes V. TibigMs. Anna Liza T. SolisElla Cecilia R. CastilloCharlotte Kendra G. CastilloGeophysical FactorsFr. Sergio S. Su, SJDr. Emmanuel G. RamosMa. Grace C. CardinalEcological FactorsDr. Teresita R. PerezMs. Lizette S. FernandezEngr. Joel D. de MesaAnthropogenic (Human/ Developmental) FactorsArchilles L. Velante
18 REFERENCESCoburn, A.W, Spence, R.J.S and Pomonis, A. Vulnerability and Risk Assessment, 2nd ed. Disaster Management Training Programme, UNDP, 1991.Downing, T.E. and Lonsdale, Kate. Concepts of Vulnerability, AIACC Vulnerability and Adaptation Training, Draft. 28 January 2002.Villarin, SJ, Jose T., ed. Disturbing Climate. Quezon City: Manila Observatory, 2001.